Kanna (era)

Kanna (寛和) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, "year name") after Eikan and before Eien. This period spanned the years from April 985 through April 987.[1] The reigning emperors were En'yu-tennō (円融天皇) and Ichijō-tennō (一条天皇).[2]

Change of eraEdit

  • January 24, 985 Kanna gannen (寛和元年): The new era name was created to mark an event or a number of events. The previous era ended and a new one commenced in Eikan 3, on the 27th day of the 4th month of 985.[3]

Events of the Kanna eraEdit

  • 986 (Kanna 2, 6th month): Kazan abdicated, and took up residence at Kazan-ji where he became a Buddhist monk; and his new priestly name was Nyūkaku.[3]
  • August 23, 986 (Kanna 2, 16th day of the 7th month): Iyasada-shinnō was appointed as heir and crown prince at age 11.[3] This followed the convention that two imperial lineages took the throne in turn, although Emperor Ichijō was in fact Iyasada's junior. He thus gained the nickname Sakasa-no moke-no kimi (the imperial heir in reverse). When Emperor Kanzan abandoned the world for holy orders, this grandson of Kaneie ascended to the throne as Emperor Ichijō.[4]


  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Kanna" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 473, p. 473, at Google Books; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File Archived 2012-05-24 at Archive.today.
  2. ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 148–150; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, p. 300–302; Varely, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, pp. 192.
  3. ^ a b c Brown, p. 302.
  4. ^ Varley, p. 195.


  • Brown, Delmer M. and Ichirō Ishida, eds. (1979). Gukanshō: The Future and the Past. Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-03460-0; OCLC 251325323
  • Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128
  • Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Nihon Ōdai Ichiran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon. Paris: Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. OCLC 5850691
  • Varley, H. Paul. (1980). A Chronicle of Gods and Sovereigns: Jinnō Shōtōki of Kitabatake Chikafusa. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 9780231049405; OCLC 6042764

External linksEdit

Preceded by
Era or nengō

Succeeded by