Kaleshwaram Lift Irrigation Project
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The Kaleshwaram Lift Irrigation Project (KLIP) is a multi-purpose irrigation project on the Godavari River in Kaleshwaram, Bhupalpally, Telangana, India. Currently the world's largest multi-stage lift irrigation project, its farthest upstream influence is at the confluence of the Pranhita and Godavari rivers. The Pranahita River is itself a confluence of various smaller tributaries including the Wardha, Painganga, and Wainganga rivers which combine to form the seventh-largest drainage basin on the subcontinent, with an estimated annual discharge of more than 6,427,900 acre feet (7,930 cubic hectometres) or 280 TMC. It remains untapped as its course is principally through dense forests and other ecologically sensitive zones such as wildlife sanctuaries.
|Kaleshwaram Lift Irrigation Project|
|Location||Kaleshwaram, Bhupalpally, Telangana, India|
|Purpose||Irrigation, power, and transport|
|Opening date||21 June 2019|
|Construction cost||₹ 1.2 Lakh crore|
|Operator(s)||Telangana Irrigation Department|
|Dam and spillways|
|Height||up to top of earth dam above the lowest river bed.|
|Spillway type||Chute spillway|
The Kaleshwaram Lift Irrigation Project is divided into 7 links and 28 packages spanning a distance of approximately 500 km (310 mi) through 13 districts and utilizing a canal network of more than 1,800 km (1,100 mi). The project aims to produce a total of 240 TMC (195 from Medigadda Barrage, 20 from Sripada Yellampalli project and 25 from groundwater), of which 169 has been allocated for irrigation, 30 for Hyderabad municipal water, 16 for miscellaneous industrial uses and 10 for drinking water in nearby villages, with the remainder being estimated evaporation loss. The project aims at increasing total culturable command area (the sustainable area which can be irrigated after accounting for both upstream and downstream factors) by 1,825,000 acre⋅ft (2,251 hm3) across all 13 districts in addition to stabilizing the existing CCA.
On 21 June 2019, the project was opened by Telangana Governor E. S. L. Narasimhan and Chief minister K. Chandrashekar Rao. National Green Tribunal declared the Scheme is constructed without following the statuary provisions with regard to environmental aspects.
Four major pumping facilities manage the project's outflow, the largest at Ramadugu (Medaram, Annaram and Sundilla being the others) is also likely to be the largest in Asia once consistent measurements are available, requiring seven 140 MWh (500 GJ) pumps designed and manufactured specifically for the project by the BHEL.
This article may be too technical for most readers to understand.September 2019) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)(
In addition to constructing new reservoirs, Kaleshwaram also rejuvenates existing ones.
|Sripada Yellampalli project||Yellampalli village||20.175|
|Mid Manair Dam||25.875|
|Upper Manair Dam||2.20|
|Medaram Online storage||Medaram||0.78|
|Ananthagiri Online storage||Ananthagiri||3.50|
|Sri Ranganayaka Sagar||Imambad||3.00|
|Sri Komaravelli Mallanna Sagar||Tadkapally||50.00|
|Malkapet Online storage||3.0|
|Konda Pochamma Online storage||Pamulaparthy||7.00|
|Amarlabanda Online storage||5.00|
|Bhoompally Online storage||9.0|
|Gujjal Online storage||1.50|
|Katewadi Online storage||5.00|
|Mothe Online storage||2.90|
|Gandamalla Online storage||9.87|
|Baswapuram Online storage||11.39|
Links & Irrigated Command Area/Ayacut (Acres)Edit
- Link-I: From Medigadda Barrage on Godavari River to Sripada Yellampalli Project (30,000 acres)
- Link-II: From Sripada Yellampalli Project to Mid Manair Dam
- Link-III: From Mid Manair Dam to Upper Manair Reservoir (86,150 acres)
- Link-IV: From Upper Manair Dam to Konda Pochamma Reservoir (595,754 acres)
- Link-V: From Anicut to Chityala (243,500 acres)
- Link-VI: From Sri Komaravelli Mallanna Sagar to Singur Dam (280,296 acres)
- Link-VII: From SRSP Foreshore to Nizam Sagar Canals and to Dilawarpur and Hangarga village for Nirmal and Mudhole Constituency (590,000 acres)
Total: 1,825,700 acres (New ayacut) Apart from: 1,875,000+ acres (Stabilisation of existing ayacut)[clarification needed]
Gravity Canals & Tunnels for distributionEdit
1. Gravity Canal - 1,531 km
2. Gravity Tunnel - 203 km
3. Pressure Mains / Delivery Mains - 98 km
Water will be reverse pumped from the confluence point of Godavari and Pranhita Rivers to Sripada Yellampalli Project with the help of 3 barrages (Medigadda, Annaram and Sundilla) and 3 lifts.
As of June 2019, lifts are being commissioned with provision to lift 2 TMC (56,63,36,93,184 liters)[clarification needed] of water per day from Medigadda. The water is lifted to backwaters of Annaram barrage. Again from Annaram barrage to Sundilla barrage. Finally from Sundilla to Sripada Yellampalli Project. Civil works are being executed to lift 3 TMC per day but pumps are being installed to lift only 2 TMC. If need be, only pumps would need to be installed to increase capacity by one more TMC.
Link-II: From Sripada Yellampalli Project to Mid Manair Dam
A new balancing reservoir is also being proposed in the outskirts of Hyderabad of 20–30 TMC to store water. The water will be supplied to this balancing reservoir in the same link.
Link-V: From Anicut to Chityala
From Anicut, a series of gravity canals and a small tunnel of 1.2 km are planned to transfer water to Gandamalla Reservoir and Baswapuram Reservoir. Thereafter, gravity canals are planned towards Chityal Mandal and its villages.
Link-VI: From Sri Komaravelli Mallanna Sagar to Singur Dam
From Sri Komaravelli Mallanna Sagar, another sequence of gravity canals, tunnels and lifts are used to transfer water to Singur Dam. Apart from that, if need be, water can be transferred to Nizam Sagar Project and from there, to SRSP.
Link-VII: From SRSP Foreshore to Nizam Sagar Canals and to Dilwapur and Hangarga village for Nirmal and Mudhole Constituency
From the foreshore waters of SRSP, water will be transferred to reservoirs at Hangarga and Dilwapur villages. Apart from this, existing reservoirs like Masani Tank and kondem Cheruvu will also be linked. Canals under Nizam Sagar will also be irrigated.
Environmental law violationsEdit
In October 2020, the National Green Tribunal, India's court for environmental issues, directed the Telangana government to halt work on the KLIP except the drinking water supply component. A petition had been filed by a farmer from Siddipet district, whose land was affected by the KLIP. The National Green Tribunal found, on hearing his petition, that the environmental clearances for the KLIP had not been obtained before the project, as is required by law, but had been granted by the Union Government of India after work on the project had already begun by the Telangana government. The National Green Tribunal has directed the Indian government's Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change to constitute a committee to investigate the illegally granted clearances, and to file a report with them within six months.
- "Rs 80,000 crore, world's biggest! All about the Kaleshwaram Irrigation project that will make you proud of Telangana". 27 June 2018.
- "Why is Telangana's Kaleshwaram Lift Irrigation Project important?". The Hindu. 1 July 2017. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
- "Kaleshwaram project: World's largest multi-stage lift irrigation project inaugurated in Telangana". Retrieved 22 June 2019.
- "EXECUTIVE SUMMARY FOR THE PROPOSED KALESHWARAM PROJECT" (PDF). tspcb.cgg.gov.in. Retrieved 3 April 2021.
- "Kaleshwaram Project Summary" (PDF). Telangana State PCB.
- "Kaleshwaram Project" (PDF). Telanagana Government Irrigation.
- "Order of the NGT regarding Kaleshwaram Lift Irrigation Scheme dated 20/10/2020". Retrieved 20 October 2020.
- Kumar, V. Rishi (20 June 2009). "Kaleshwaram — the making of an engineering marvel". The Hindu Business Line. Retrieved 9 August 2019.
- "BHEL commissions 1 more unit of Kaleshwaram irrigation project in Telangana". Moneycontrol. Retrieved 13 August 2019.
- "Kaleshwaram Project [ Full Details ] Telangana - 2019". kaleshwaramproject.com/. Retrieved 9 September 2019.
- "NGT red-flags Kaleshwaram project: Green clearance was in violation of law, halt work". The Indian Express. 21 October 2020. Retrieved 21 October 2020.
- Pulipaka, Balu (21 October 2020). "NGT says environmental clearance for Kaleshwaram violates law". Deccan Chronicle. Retrieved 21 October 2020.
- "Kaleshwaram irrigation project got environmental clearance 'ex post facto' in violation of law: NGT". The Economic Times. Retrieved 21 October 2020.