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Kaghan Valley (Urdu: وادی کاغان ‎) is an alpine valley in Mansehra District of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province of Pakistan,[1][2][3] attracting tourists from throughout Pakistan.[4] The valley extends 155 kilometres (96 mi)[5] across northern Pakistan, rising from an elevation of 2,134 feet (650 m) to its highest point, the Babusar Pass, at 13,690 feet (4,170 m).[6] Landslides triggered by the devastating 2005 Kashmir earthquake destroyed many passes leading into the valley, though roads have since been largely rebuilt.[7][8]

Kaghan Valley
Kaghan is a popular tourist destination because of its dramatic mountain scenery
Kaghan is a popular tourist destination because of its dramatic mountain scenery
Kaghan Valley کاغان is located in Pakistan
Kaghan Valley کاغان
Kaghan Valley
Location in Pakistan
Coordinates: 34°50′N 73°31′E / 34.833°N 73.517°E / 34.833; 73.517Coordinates: 34°50′N 73°31′E / 34.833°N 73.517°E / 34.833; 73.517
ProvinceKhyber Pakhtunkhwa
DistrictMansehra District
2,500 m (8,200 ft)
Time zoneUTC+5 (PST)



Kaghan Valley is located in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province in the north of Pakistan, bordering the territories of Gilgit-Baltistan to the north and Azad Jammu and Kashmir to the southeast. The 155-kilometer valley is enveloped by the Lower Himalaya range, resulting in an alpine climate and the prevalence of pine forests and alpine meadows.[9] Alongside the flow of the Kunhar River, the valley features glaciers, crystal-like clear lakes, waterfalls and frosty mountains streams. Kaghan is famous for its scenic beauty and landscapes, resulting in its popularity as a summer resort.[10][11]


The history of the greater Mansehra district in northern Pakistan is diverse due to its function as a crossroads between Central and South Asia. The region was controlled by various empires and kingdoms throughout history, including Achaemenid Persia, the empire of Alexander the Great and his Hellenistic successors, Mauryan Empire, Gandhara, Indo-Greek kingdom, the Hindu Shahi and the Ghaznavid, Mughal, Sikh, Durrani and British Indian Empires.

A view of Kunhar River flowing through the valley


Karakoram Highway, in 1947, the northern areas were accessible via two routes: the Srinagar Astore-Gilgit mule track and the Kaghan Valley Track over the Babusar Pass and Chilas. After 1948 Kashmir War, the Srinagar Route was denied to Pakistan and the entire northern areas became dependent on the Kaghan Valley Route.[12]

The best time to visit Kaghan Valley is during the Summer season (May to September). Because In Winter, the glaciers block the roads leading to Kaghan Valley and these glaciers melt from February to April. From May to the end of September, the roads and Babusar Pass remain open. In May, the temperature is maximum 11 °C (52 °F) and minimum 3 °C (37 °F).[13]

Flora & FaunaEdit

Fishing is a famous profession and hobby in Kaghan valley. Brown trout and Mahseer are abundance in waters of Kunhar River which flows through the valley. Fishing licenses are issued by the ‘Fisheries Department at Naran’ or by the ‘Trout Hatchery’ at Shinu.[6] Forests of Kaghan valley are full of cedar and pine trees.


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See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Kaghan Valley". Retrieved 1 May 2019.
  2. ^ "Alpine-Climate Valley". Retrieved 24 May 2018.
  3. ^ Shakirullah, J Ahmad, H Nawaz (2016). Recent Archaeological Exploration of the Upper Kaghan Valley, Mansehra, Pakistan. Annual Conference on South Asia 45
  4. ^ "Record number of tourists visit Kaghan Valley".
  5. ^ "Length of Valley". Retrieved 23 May 2018.
  6. ^ a b "Elevation of Kaghan Valley". Retrieved 23 May 2018.
  7. ^ The Kashmir Earthquake of October 8, 2005 - Earthquake Engineering [1]
  8. ^ "Cold wave rules KP, Fata: Snow, landslides block roads in Kaghan valley".
  9. ^ Planet, Lonely. "Kaghan Valley travel | Karakoram Highway, Pakistan". Lonely Planet. Retrieved 17 August 2019.
  10. ^ "Geographical Elements of the Kaghan Valley". Mapping and Documentation of the Cultural Assets of Kaghan Valley, Mansehra (PDF). UNESCO, Islamabad: UNESCO. p. 10. Retrieved 11 August 2019.
  11. ^ "Kaghan - A Jewel Among Valleys". Retrieved 11 August 2019.
  12. ^
  13. ^ "Best Time to Visit Kaghan Valley". Retrieved 13 August 2018.

External LinksEdit