Kabasaran is a traditional Minahasan martial art and war dance from North Sulawesi in Indonesia. It is performed by several men clad in red costumes, wielding a sword with a shield or a spear. The dancers are called kawasalan, which implies imitating like a pair of fighter cocks.[1] the word kabasaran is derived from kawasalan.

Tarian Kabasaran.jpg
Kabasaran battle in North Sulawesi
HardnessFull-contact, semi-contact, light-contact
Country of originIndonesia (North Sulawesi)
Olympic sportNo

The dancers work daily as farmers and guards of the Minahasan villages, but serve as waranei (warriors) if the village is attacked.[1] According to Minahasan custom, the weapons and status of waranei is hereditary. The kabasaran dance is performed exclusively by men of waranei lineage.[1]

In general, the basic structure of the dance consists of nine movements (jurus) using the sword (santi) or spear (wengkouw), also the stance moves which consists of two steps to the left, and two steps to the right. The dance is accompanied by percussion instruments such as gongs, drums, or kolintang called pa 'wasalen.


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  1. ^ a b c "Tarian Kabasaran". Indonesia Kaya (in Indonesian). Archived from the original on 2015-11-17. Retrieved 2015-11-16.

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