Junker (Russia)

Junker (Russian: юнкер (Yunker), has several meanings in Imperial Russia. The Russian substantive Yunker is derived from the German noun Junker, where it means "young lord".

Yunker - rank insignia 1874-1903
shoulder board
  • Shlisselburgsky 15th Infantry regiment
  • Ladozhsky 16th Infantry regiment

Junker schoolsEdit

Junker schools in Russia were introduced in 1864. They were usually located next to district headquarters in a given region. Junker schools prepared low-rank military for officer rank. In 1900, the Russian government established junker infantry schools in Moscow and Kiev, and in 1902 a junker cavalry school in Yelizavetgrad. In 1901, the government transformed all former district junker schools into seven infantry schools (St.Petersburg, Vilna, Tiflis, Odessa, Kazan, Chuguyev, Irkutsk), one cavalry school (Tver) and three Cossack schools (Novocherkassk, Stavropol, Orenburg).[1]

Every junker school had a three-year program. In order to enroll into a junker school, a student had to attend a gymnasium or cadet corps for six years or pass a corresponding exam.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^   This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain"Юнкерские училища" . Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary (in Russian). 1906.