Junghuhnia nitida

Junghuhnia nitida is a widespread species of crust fungus in the family Steccherinaceae.

Junghuhnia nitida
Junghuhnia nitida 229421.jpg
Scientific classification
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J. nitida
Binomial name
Junghuhnia nitida
(Pers.) Ryvarden (1972)
Synonyms[1]
  • Poria nitida Pers. (1800)
  • Boletus nitidus (Pers.) Pers. (1801)
  • Polyporus nitidus (Pers.) Fr. (1818)
  • Chaetoporus nitidus (Pers.) Donk (1967)
  • Steccherinum nitidum (Pers.) Vesterh. (1996)

TaxonomyEdit

Originally described as Poria nitida in 1800 by Christian Hendrik Persoon, the fungus has undergone several name changes in its taxonomic history. It was relocated to the genus Junghuhnia by Leif Ryvarden in 1972.[2]

Habitat and distributionEdit

The fungus grows on the fallen wood of deciduous trees, in which it causes a white rot. It is widely distributed, found in Asia, Africa, Europe, North America,[3] and South America.[4]

ChemistryEdit

Junghuhnia nitida contains the bioactive compound nitidon, a highly oxidised pyranone derivative with antibiotic and cytotoxic activities in in vitro experiments.[5] A total synthesis of this compound was reported in 2004.[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Junghuhnia nitida (Pers.) Ryvarden, Persoonia 7 (1): 18 (1972)". MycoBank. International Mycological Association. Retrieved 2017-05-17.
  2. ^ Ryvarden, Leif (1972). "A note on the genus Junghuhnia". Persoonia. 7 (1): 17–21.
  3. ^ Zhishu, B.; Zheng, G.; Taihui, L. (1993). The Macrofungus Flora of China's Guangdong Province. New York, New York: Columbia University Press. p. 228.
  4. ^ Westphalen, Mauro C.; Reck, Mateus A.; Borges da Silveira, Rosa Mara (2012). "The genus Junghuhnia in Brazil". Nova Hedwigia. 94 (1–2): 209–220. doi:10.1127/0029-5035/2012/0094-0209.
  5. ^ Gehrt, Alexandra; Erkel, Gerhard; Anke, Timm; Sterner, Olov (1998). "Nitidon, a new bioactive metabolite from the basidiomycete Junghuhnia nitida (Pers.: Fr.) Ryv". Zeitschrift für Naturforschung C. 53 (1–2): 89–92. doi:10.1515/znc-1998-1-216. PMID 9528126. S2CID 33684062.  
  6. ^ Bellina, Fabio; Carpita, Adriano; Mannocci, Luca; Rossi, Renzo (2004). "First total synthesis of naturally occurring (−)-nitidon and its enantiomer". European Journal of Chemistry. 2004 (12): 2610–2619. doi:10.1002/ejoc.200400101.