June 1988 Haitian coup d'état

The June 1988 Haitian coup d'état took place on 20 June 1988, when Henri Namphy overthrew Leslie Manigat.[1][2] Manigat, who won the military-controlled 1988 Haitian general election, had taken office on 7 February.

Map of Haiti.

On 14 June 1988, a number of military reassignments were made by Henri Namphy, including transferring Colonel Jean-Claude Paul to army headquarters and making him Assistant Head of the General Staff.[2] Paul telephoned President Leslie Manigat to protest the move, and the following day Manigat issued a statement cancelling the changes, and saying that he, as constitutional head of the Armed Forces of Haiti, had not been consulted.[2] On 19 June Manigat retired Namphy, saying he had been preparing a coup.[2] On 20 June Namphy ousted Manigat in a coup d'état, declaring himself President with Col. Jean-Claude Paul at his side.[2]

The coup was followed some months later by the September 1988 Haitian coup d'état in which Prosper Avril overthrew Henri Namphy.


  1. ^ James Rupert (June 20, 1988). "MILITARY STAGES COUP IN HAITI". The Washington Post. Retrieved September 24, 2020.
  2. ^ a b c d e IACHR, REPORT ON THE SITUATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS IN HAITI, OEA/Ser.L/V/II.74 doc. 9 rev. 1, 7 September 1988