Leslie Manigat

Leslie François Saint Roc Manigat (August 16, 1930[1] – June 27, 2014) was a Haitian politician who was elected as President of Haiti in a tightly controlled military held election in January 1988.[2] He served as President for only a few months, from February 1988 to June 1988, before being ousted by the military in a coup d'état.

Leslie François Manigat
Leslie Manigat, 16 juin 1988.png
37th President of Haiti
In office
February 7, 1988 – June 20, 1988
Prime MinisterMartial Célestin
Preceded byHenri Namphy
Succeeded byHenri Namphy
Personal details
Leslie François Saint Roc Manigat

(1930-08-16)August 16, 1930
Port-au-Prince, Haiti
DiedJune 27, 2014(2014-06-27) (aged 83)
Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Political partyProgressive National Democrat
Spouse(s)1) Marie-Lucie Chancy
2) Mirlande Hyppolite (1970–2014; his death)

In educationEdit

Leslie Manigat was a professor at the prestigious l'Université de Paris-VIII Vincennes, where he gave courses on World History. He also published articles on education in various Haitian newspapers: Le Nouvelliste, La Phalange, and Le Matin.

1988 Haitian presidential electionsEdit

According to the Provisional Electoral Council (Conseil Electoral Provisoire, or CEP) he won the presidential election of January 17, 1988 with 50.29% of the votes, defeating ten other candidates.[3] However, voter turnout was well under 10%.[4] Few historians and vote monitors consider this election to have been democratic.[5] He was inaugurated on February 7, 1988, and named Martial Célestin as his Prime Minister in March. He was overthrown by general Henri Namphy on June 20, 1988, in the June 1988 Haitian coup d'état. He ran for president again in the February 2006 election but was defeated, receiving 12.40% of the vote and placing a distant second behind René Préval.


He died on June 27, 2014, at the age of 83.[5]


Mirlande Manigat

Manigat was born in Port-au-Prince. His second wife, Mirlande Manigat, whom he married in 1970, was a candidate in the 2010 presidential election.[6]


Leslie Manigat won The Haiti Grand Prize of literature 2004, given at the Miami Book Fair International of 2004. Nominees for the Prize were: Edwidge Danticat, René Depestre, Jean-Claude Fignolé, Odette Roy Fombrun, Frankétienne, Gary Klang, Dany Laferrière and Josaphat-Robert Large.

Selected worksEdit

  • Une date littéraire, un événement pédagogique - Essay, Port-au-Prince, 1962
  • L'Amérique latine au XXe Siècle - History, Université de Paris I Sorbonne, 1973


  1. ^ The ... Political Risk Yearbook: North & Central America. Frost & Sullivan. 1990. p. B-263.
  2. ^ "Haiti Ex-President Leslie Manigat Has Died - ABC News". Abcnews.go.com. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
  3. ^ "Leslie Manigat, elegido presidente de Haití". El País (in Spanish). 25 January 1988. Retrieved 1 January 2016.
  4. ^ Country Report: Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Puerto Rico, 1988, p21
  5. ^ a b Pace, Eric (28 June 2014). "Leslie Manigat, Overthrown in a Coup in Haiti, Dies at 83". The New York Times.
  6. ^ Padgett, Tim (2010-11-15). "Former First Lady Mirlande Manigat Could Be Next Haitian President". TIME. Archived from the original on November 19, 2010. Retrieved 2014-06-27.

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit

Political offices
Preceded by President of Haïti
Succeeded by