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Julie Wilhelmine Hagen-Schwarz (27 October 1824, Klein-Wrangelshof manor, Governorate of Livonia – 20 October 1902, Tartu) was a Baltic German painter, primarily of portraits.[1]

Julie Wilhelmine Hagen-Schwarz
Julie Hagen-Schwarz self-portrait.jpg
Self-portrait (before 1870)
Born(1824-10-27)27 October 1824
Died20 October 1902(1902-10-20) (aged 77)
Tartu, Governorate of Livonia
Known forPainting
Spouse(s)Peter Carl Ludwig Schwarz



She was the daughter of the painter August Matthias Hagen[2]; born while her parents were on a painting excursion. She displayed an early interest in drawing, so her father wasted no time in giving her lessons. After graduating from the public schools, she enrolled at the University of Tartu, where she was soon attracted to portrait painting.

After graduating, she received a grant to study in Germany. She began with Friedrich Gonne [de] in Dresden, then went to Munich, obtaining a position in the workshops of Moritz Rugendas.[3] Three years later, she returned to Tartu and received another grant from Tsar Nicholas I to study in Italy. This time, she was accompanied by her father, who hoped that the Italian climate would help his failing eyesight.

In 1854 she returned home[4], already a well-known artist due to her participation in several exhibits throughout Europe. Soon after, she married the astronomer Ludwig Schwarz, who later became Director of the local observatory. Her honeymoon consisted of an expedition to Southeast Siberia,[3] covering 600 versts, where her husband was part of a team exploring mineral resources and preparing a detailed map on behalf of the Russian Geographical Society. As might be expected, she took the opportunity to sketch everything of interest.

In 1858, she became the first woman elected to the Imperial Academy of Arts.[3] After that, she spent much of her time in Saint Petersburg, participating in all the local and national exhibitions. Overall, she produced more than 700 portraits.

Selected paintingsEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Reinart, Heili. "Tunnustatuim naiskunstnik meie maal – tartlanna Julie von Hagen-Schwarzi kunstile ja armastusele pühendatud elu". Retrieved 13 May 2018.
  2. ^ "Julie Wilhelmine Emilie Hagen-Schwarz (1824-1902)". e-kataloogi ESTER. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
  3. ^ a b c Brief biography from the University of Tartu Library.
  4. ^ "Julie Wilhelmine Hagen-Schwarz". E-Kunstisalong. Retrieved 13 May 2018.

Further readingEdit

  • Epp Preem and Mart Sander, Julie Hagen-Schwarz 1824—1902, LiteRarity, Tallinn 2009 ISBN 9949-187-84-2

External linksEdit