Julie E. Packard (born 1952/1953) is an American ocean conservationist and philanthropist. She helped create the Monterey Bay Aquarium in the early 1980s and is its executive director, a position she has held since its opening in 1984. She speaks at conferences and symposia related to ocean conservation, and writes online about current issues. She is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and is a recipient of the Audubon Medal.
Packard speaking about ocean conservation at a seminar in Chile in 2011
|Born||1952/1953 (age 66–67)|
|Alma mater||University of California, Santa Cruz|
Early life and educationEdit
Packard grew up in the Santa Clara Valley in Northern California, where she rode horses and explored nature on the extensive grounds of San Felipe Ranch each weekend. With her father, David Packard, the co-founder of Hewlett-Packard, she planted a vegetable garden every year. Packard spent much time outdoors, and was always very curious; as a student at University of California, Santa Cruz, her biology professor said she "was able to synthesize and ask great questions. She had a wide-open, inquisitive mind." Her most fond experiences as a student were early mornings wearing hip waders, combing through algae and animals of the intertidal zone. She graduated with a bachelor's degree in biology in 1974, and a Master of Arts in 1978, focusing on marine algae.
Packard joined other members of her family in the undertaking to create Monterey Bay Aquarium. Her sister, Nancy Burnett, also has a degree in marine biology, and her father helped design the facility's infrastructure. Packard became the aquarium's executive director by the time the aquarium opened in 1984. As part of her role at Monterey Bay Aquarium, Packard was instrumental in the creation of the sustainable seafood advisory list, Seafood Watch, and its endeavor to prevent the import of seafood harvested through slavery.
Packard chairs the board of directors of the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute, and is also a trustee of the David and Lucile Packard Foundation. She received the Audubon Medal from the National Audubon Society in 1998 for her work in conservation and environmental protection, and she was elected as a fellow to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2009. Packard received a lifetime achievement award from the National Marine Sanctuary Foundation, the Ted Danson Ocean Hero Award from Oceana in 2004, and was named a California Coastal Hero in 2009 by the California Coastal Commission and Sunset magazine.
Packard has spoken at various symposia, including the International Aquarium Congress, Our Ocean Conference, the Seafood Summit, the Global Climate Action Summit, and the United Nations Ocean Conference. She writes online about the ocean in the context of climate change, sustainable seafood, and the deep sea. Among other publications, Packard has written opinion pieces for The New York Times and The Boston Globe (with John Kerry). She was a member of The Pew Charitable Trusts' Oceans Commission, and is a member of the leadership council for the resulting Joint Ocean Commission Initiative, which formed in 2005.
Packard was granted an honorary Doctor of Science degree by California State University, Monterey Bay in "recognition of her many accomplishments as an ocean conservationist". A species of coral, Gersemia juliepackardae, is named in her honor for "her dedication to ocean stewardship and conservation, and for elevating public awareness about the ocean environment." A portrait of Packard, painted by Hope Gangloff, will be displayed at the National Portrait Gallery in Washington, D.C. between 2019 and 2020. In the painting, Packard is standing in front of the colorful kelp forest exhibit at Monterey Bay Aquarium. She is the second female ocean conservationist to be included in the museum's collection, and it is the museum's 17th commissioned portrait.
In 2014, Packard donated US$1 million to University of California, Santa Cruz to establish the "Dean's Fund for Diversity in the Sciences", which funds programs to support underrepresented minority students in science and math. She has also given money to California State University, Monterey Bay's Division of Science and Environmental Policy.
- Townsend, Peggy (September 11, 2014). "Julie Packard: Philanthropy and pragmatism". University of California, Santa Cruz. Archived from the original on September 27, 2016. Retrieved March 25, 2019.
- "Julie Packard: Honorary Degrees". California State University. Archived from the original on February 27, 2019. Retrieved March 25, 2019.
- "Julie Packard: Safeguarding the sea". University of California, Santa Cruz. January 1, 2018. Archived from the original on March 25, 2019. Retrieved March 25, 2019.
- Fox, Daniel. "Julie Packard". The Proust Nature Questionnaire. Archived from the original on March 26, 2019. Retrieved March 25, 2019.
- Chiang, Connie Y. (2008). Shaping the shoreline: fisheries and tourism on the Monterey coast. University of Washington Press. p. 157. ISBN 9780295989778. OCLC 704517509.
- Dreisbach, Shaun. "Slavery Plagues the Seafood Industry; Here's How One Woman Is Making a Difference". EatingWell. Archived from the original on March 17, 2019. Retrieved March 25, 2019.
- "Leadership". Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute. Archived from the original on January 15, 2019. Retrieved March 25, 2019.
- "Previous Audubon Medal Awardees". National Audubon Society. Archived from the original on December 31, 2018. Retrieved March 25, 2019.
- "Oceana Gala Honors Ocean Heroes". Oceana. November 12, 2004. Retrieved March 25, 2019.
- "Senator Lowenthal named California Coastal Hero". The Signal Tribune. September 4, 2009. Archived from the original on March 25, 2019. Retrieved March 25, 2019.
- References for conference presentations:
- International Aquarium Congress: "2016 IAC: Current State of our Oceans". Ocean Wise at Vancouver Aquarium. September 15, 2016. Archived from the original on March 26, 2019. Retrieved March 26, 2019.
- Our Ocean Conference: "Packard Foundation Commits $550 Million to Advance Ocean Science, Protection and Effective Management" (Press release). The David and Lucile Packard Foundation. September 16, 2016. Retrieved March 26, 2019.
- Seafood Summit: "Tuna, aquaculture and social issues hot topics at 2010 Seafood Summit: Largest ever seafood sustainability conference closes in Paris" (Press release). Plataforma de Organizações Não Governamentais Portuguesas sobre a Pesca. Archived from the original on March 26, 2019. Retrieved March 26, 2019.
- Global Climate Action Summit: Packard, Julie (October 11, 2018). "It's time for courageous climate action". Conservation & Science at the Monterey Bay Aquarium. Retrieved March 26, 2019.
- U.N. Ocean Conference: "Monterey Bay Aquarium will be a 'Voice for the Ocean' at U.N. Ocean Conference". Santa Monica Observer. June 12, 2017. Retrieved March 26, 2019.
- Opinion pieces:
- Packard, Julie; Scholin, Chris (June 8, 2018). "Opinion: The Deep Sea May Soon Be Up for Grabs". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 25, 2019.
- Kerry, John F.; Packard, Julie (October 30, 2018). "The urgent need to save our oceans". The Boston Globe. Retrieved March 25, 2019.
- Packard, Julie (September 11, 2018). "Opinion: Protect our oceans, the heart of Earth's climate system". The Mercury News. Retrieved March 25, 2019.
- "America's Living Oceans, Charting a Course for Sea Change: A Report to the Nation, Recommendations for a New Ocean Policy" (PDF). Pew Oceans Commission, The Pew Charitable Trusts. May 2003. p. iv. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 25, 2019. Retrieved March 25, 2019.
- "About Us". Joint Ocean Commission Initiative. Archived from the original on October 11, 2018. Retrieved May 30, 2019.
- "Joint Ocean Commission Initiative". Meridian Institute. Archived from the original on February 27, 2018. Retrieved May 30, 2019.
- Williams, G.C.; Lundsten, L. (2009). "The nephtheid soft coral genus Gersemia Marenzeller, 1878, with the description of a new species from the northeast Pacific and a review of two additional species (Octocorallia: Alcyonacea)". Zoologische Mededelingen. 83: 1072. Archived from the original on April 27, 2019.
- Cordeiro, Ralf (2017). "Gersemia juliepackardae Williams & Lundsten, 2009". WoRMS. World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved April 1, 2019.
- "National Portrait Gallery Announces Newly Commissioned Portrait of Ocean Conservation Leader Julie Packard by Artist Hope Gangloff" (Press release). April 10, 2019. Archived from the original on April 21, 2019. Retrieved April 21, 2010.
- "Julie Packard". National Portrait Gallery. Archived from the original on April 21, 2019. Retrieved April 21, 2019.