Juliane of Nassau-Dillenburg (1587–1643)

Countess Juliane of Nassau-Dillenburg (3 September 1587 – 15 February 1643), was the fifth child and second daughter of John VII, Count of Nassau-Siegen (1561–1623), who became Count John I of Nassau-Siegen when his father's inheritance was divided in 1606, and his wife Countess Magdalena of Waldeck (1558–1599).

Juliane of Nassau-Dillenburg
1587 Juliane von Nassau-Dillenburg.jpg
Princess Juliane of Nassau-Dillenburg, later landgravine of Hesse-Kassel
Born(1587-09-03)3 September 1587
Died15 February 1643(1643-02-15) (aged 55)
Rotenburg an der Fulda
Noble familyNassau
Spouse(s)Maurice, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel
FatherJohn VII, Count of Nassau-Siegen
MotherCountess Magdalena of Waldeck


Juliane was born in Dillenburg, where, on 22 May 1603, she married Maurice, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel as his second wife. They had fourteen children:

In order to ensure that they all had incomes befitting a landgrave, she had a policy of transferring income and ownership rights to her children. Eventually, Maurice transferred a quarter of Hesse, the so-called Rotenburg Quarter to his children. However, this area remained under Hesse-Kassel's sovereignty. Thus, Juliane's sons Herman and Frederick founded the Hesse-Rotenburg and Hesse-Eschwege cadet branches of the House of Hesse and in 1649 her son Ernest founded the Hesse-Rheinfels line. Herman and Frederick died childless and by 1658, Ernest had inherited all parts of the Rotenburg Quarter. Nevertheless, in the next 250 years, Rotenburg was divided, merged and again divided, giving rise to cadet branches with names like Hess-Rheinfels-Rotenburg, Hesse-Eschwege-Wanfried and Hesse-Rotenburg-Eschwege.

Landgrave Maurice abdicated in 1627, under pressure from the Estates. He retired to Eschwege, where he died in 1632. Hesse-Kassel was inherited by William V, Maurice's son from his first marriage. In 1629, Juliane and her children moved into Rotenburg Castle in Rotenburg an der Fulda, where she died in 1643.


  1. ^ Schlotter, Acta, p. 327. - also: Thirty Years' War (in German) [retrieved 15 June 2014].

References and SourcesEdit

  • Lemberg, Margret: Juliane Landgräfin zu Hessen (1587 - 1643), published as: Quellen und Forschungen zur hessischen Geschichte, vol. 90, Darmstadt, Marburg, 1994.
Juliane of Nassau-Dillenburg (1587–1643)
Born: 3 September 1587 Died: 15 February 1643
Title last held by
Agnes of Solms-Laubach
Landgravine of Hesse-Kassel
Title next held by
Countess Amalie Elisabeth of Hanau-Münzenberg