Julia Grant (transgender activist)
In five hour-long film documentaries, directed by David Pearson for the BBC, her story attracted an audience of nearly nine million viewers for the first episode, George and Julia, in 1979. The series was transmitted on BBC2 as A Change of Sex, and described by Pearson as "intimate, frank and observational". Episodes were broadcast from that year until 1999, charting new stages in her life.
Born George William Roberts in Blackpool, Lancashire, he was the eldest son of Phillip Roberts, a trawlerman, and his wife, Jessica, and brought up in nearby Fleetwood. Jessica was an alcoholic, and attempted suicide several times, whilst Phillip was a violent drunkard who tried to rape George when he was a child. As one of eight children, George often cared for his younger brothers and sisters. He also spent periods in a children’s home in Preston, and as a teenager, prostituted himself to men. This was said to be "a misguided cry" for the affection that he did not get from his parents, and he used the money for sweets.
Television fame and gender reassignmentEdit
In 1974, after a failed marriage, he moved to London, and in 1978, when the BBC began filming, he was a catering manager who performed as a drag queen. However, it became apparent that drag did not feel right to him, and the BBC filmed his last programme. George had decided that he was not homosexual, and wanted to live as a woman. 
As a precondition for receiving treatment at the Charing Cross Hospital unit – at the time, the main clinic in the UK dealing with transgender patients – George began living, working and dressing as a woman. He asked the BBC series director Pearson for name suggestions, and from this list, chose Julia Grant. 
The NHS psychiatrist who ran the clinic was persuaded to let the BBC film all his consultations with Julia, and he agreed, although with the stipulation that he would not be named on air, or seen on screen. According to Pearson, "his voice suggested a plummy sense of entitled authority, tinged with arrogance, often expressing stereotypical attitudes towards women, even by 70s standards." The psychiatrist was later revealed to be a man called John Randell.
The week before the first programme in the series was shown, Sunday tabloids published hostile stories about Julia and the films. Despite this, she was determined to become the "woman I want to be". It was this, says Pearson, coupled with her "gritty humour while overcoming her setbacks" – such as the way she was treated by Randell – which "convinced many TV viewers that her cause was legitimate", and the BBC received a large amount of letters in support of Julia and the films.
Grant was living with Amir, a refugee who had fled from persecution in Iraq, who accepted her as a woman. As they wished to progress their relationship, the operations would not wait. In a series of "combative encounters", Randell was dismissive of Julia's goals, as he did not believe her to be ladylike enough, and thought her too "pushy".
Grant ignored Randell's advice, and found a way to get breast implants at a private clinic. Randell was "furious" and Grant realised that he would not support her ambition for full genital surgery.
A private surgeon, Michael Royle, and his colleague, was sympathetic to Grant's problem, and agreed to operate. When Grant woke up after the operation, she was "in great pain but ecstatic". It seemed to have been a success, but Grant needed time to recover, and filming was put on hold for several years. She later told the programme makers that, several weeks after the surgery, she had collapsed bleeding, and taken to hospital unconscious, where she was treated for a suspected miscarriage by doctors who were not aware medical history.
Her surgery was damaged, and she was unable to have sex; embarrassed to get help, or confide in Amir about the reason they could not have sex, their relationship worsened. The couple split up, and he left the UK. Grant thought that she would not be able to receive any further treatment, in a period described by Pearson as "perhaps the lowest point of her life".
Grant wrote two books about her expeiences, George & Julia (1980) and Just Julia (1994). In the late 1990s, the final BBC film caught up with Grant living in Manchester and running the busy Hollywood Show Bar. She wanted to marry her new partner, Alan Sunderland, and her former surgeon Royle said that he could resolve her surgical problem. However, Grant, together with Sunderland, decided that she would not proceed with more surgery, and could instead "be happy as they were". The couple had a church blessing, and Grant thought of herself as married. She owned a number of cafes and bars in Manchester’s Canal Street Gay Village, fought against redevelopment plans for the area, and was active in establishing local LGBTQ events.
Grant and her partner moved to France's Creuse region, where she built up a ceramics business, and locals called her "La Madame Anglaise". However, one morning, Sunderland ate breakfast and departed from Grant's life for good. She went to live in Spain, where she ran a hotel in Benidorm, and began Benidorm Gay Pride.
Grant would tell people wanting gender reassignment that changing sex "would not solve all their problems", and some members of the trans community found her views controversial: for example, that children should not be allowed to have gender reassignment surgery. She spent time in America counselling young people who were thinking about it.
After being diagnosed with bowel cancer, Julia came back to the UK in 2015, and committed herself to helping other trans people. She encouraged improved trans care services, and took part in discussions at the NHS's Nye Bevan Academy, a facility which trains health service leaders.
Grant survived bowel cancer, but suffered from multiple health problems, and died on 2 January 2019 following a short illness. She was survived by her sisters, Shirley, Jeanne, Lesley, Julie and Beverley, her brothers, Gary and Danny, and an aunt, Mary.
- Gayle, Damien (3 January 2019). "Transgender activist Julia Grant dies aged 64". The Guardian. Retrieved 6 February 2019.
- Pearson, David (9 January 2019). "Julia Grant obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved 6 February 2019.
- "Julia Grant: Transgender 'pioneer' dies aged 64". BBC News. 3 January 2019. Retrieved 6 February 2019.
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