Jules Arnous de Rivière
Jules Arnous de Rivière (4 May 1830, Nantes – 11 September 1905, Paris) was the strongest French chess player from the late 1850s through the late 1870s. He is best known today for playing many games with Paul Morphy when the American champion visited Paris in 1858 and 1863.
Born in Nantes to a French father William Henri Arnous-Rivière and an English mother Marie Tobin, he awarded himself the nobiliary particle "de". Arnous-Rivière finished 6th of 13 in the 1867 Paris international tournament organized in conjunction with the Exposition Universelle. Although he finished well below the strongest foreign masters, he was ahead of fellow Parisian, Polish-born, Samuel Rosenthal. Arnous-Rivière had success in some minor tournaments in Paris: 3rd in 1880, 2nd= in 1881, 2nd in 1882–3, and 3rd in the Café de la Régence tournament of 1896.
Arnous-Rivière fared poorly in his casual games against Morphy, but did well in more formal match play. He lost to Serafino Dubois (+8-21=3) in 1855, and Gustav Neumann (+3-7=2) in 1864, but he drew with Ignatz von Kolisch (5:5) in 1859, and defeated Thomas Wilson Barnes in London (+5−2=0) and Paul Journoud in Paris (+7−2=1) in 1860, and Johann Löwenthal (+2−0=0) in Paris in 1867. He also lost a close match to Mikhail Chigorin by +4−5=1 in 1883.
He married 27 October 1858 to Joséphine de Coulhac Mazérieux (1834–1921) and had three children: William Arnous-Rivière (1860–1904), Hélène Arnous-Rivière (1862–?) and Jacques Arnous-Rivière (1874–1919). Hélène Arnous-Rivière married Baron Christian-Hubert von Pfeffel; her great-grandson is British politician Stanley Johnson, father of Boris Johnson.
Arnous-Rivière died in Paris in 1905.
- Gaige, Jeremy (1987), Chess Personalia, A Biobibliography, McFarland & Company, p. 356, ISBN 0-7864-2353-6
- Golombek, Harry (1977), "Rivière, Jules Arnous de", Golombek's Encyclopedia of Chess, Batsford, p. 276, ISBN 0-517-53146-1. (Seems to have typos in a couple of the years, as it lists the date of death as 11 September 1906 and sets the Chigorin match in 1885.)
- Hooper, David; Whyld, Kenneth (1992), "Rivière, Jules Arnous de", The Oxford Companion to Chess (2 ed.), Oxford: Oxford University Press, p. 342, ISBN 0-19-280049-3