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The term has four distinct uses:
- Informal – opinions expressed as facts.
- Informal and psychological – used in reference to the quality of cognitive faculties and adjudicational capabilities of particular individuals, typically called wisdom or discernment.
- Legal – used in the context of legal trial, to refer to a final finding, statement, or ruling, based on a considered weighing of evidence, called, "adjudication". See spelling note for further explanation.
- Religious – used in the concept of salvation to refer to the adjudication of God in determining Heaven or Hell for each and all human beings. God's assessment of a person's worth: a determination of "good" conveys great value while "evil" conveys worthless.
Additionally, judgement can mean:
- Personality judgment, a psychological phenomenon of a person forming opinions of other people.
- Zheng Wanga,I et al. (2014) Context effects produced by question orders reveal quantum nature of human judgments, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Vol. 111 no. 26, 9431–9436