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The jotedars were "wealthy peasants" who comprised one layer of social strata in agrarian Bengal during Company rule in India. Jotedars owned relatively extensive tracts of land; their land tenure status stoods in contrast to those of under-ryots and bargadars (sharecroppers), who were landless or land-poors. Many jotedars were bhadraloks (upper caste members) who adopted the de jure status of ryot (peasant) solely for the financial benefit that the Bengal Tenancy Act of 1885 afforded to ryots.[1]

Jotedars were pitted against the Naxalite movement.[2][3]


  1. ^ Iqbal, I. (2010). The Bengal Delta: Ecology, State and Social Change, 1840-1943. Palgrave Macmillan UK. p. 107. ISBN 978-0-230-23183-2.
  2. ^ "The Naxalite Movement that was Not in Naxalbari". Mainstream. Retrieved 2016-04-30.
  3. ^ "Naxalbari revisited". The Times of India. Retrieved 2016-04-30.