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The jotedars (spelled also as joadder, joatder, jwadder) were "wealthy peasants" who comprised one layer of social strata in agrarian Bengal during Company rule in India. Jotedars owned relatively extensive tracts of land; their land tenure status stood in contrast to those of under-ryots and bargadars (sharecroppers), who were landless or land-poor. Many jotedars were bhadralok (upper caste members) who adopted the de jure status of ryot (peasant) solely for the financial benefits that the Bengal Tenancy Act of 1885 afforded to ryots.[1]

A Jotedar is a person who holds in severally, joint or in common, a piece of land for which he pays revenue directly to government through his agents. At a later stage, the Jotedar legally became the owner and controller of jotes.[2]

Jotedars were pitted against the Naxalite movement.[3][4]


  1. ^ Iqbal, I. (2010-10-20). The Bengal Delta: Ecology, State and Social Change, 1840-1943. Palgrave Macmillan UK. ISBN 9780230231832. 
  2. ^ "Naxalbari Peasant Struggle: Contemporary and Observation". The Next Generation Library. 2014-03-27. Retrieved 2016-04-30. 
  3. ^ "The Naxalite Movement that was Not in Naxalbari - Mainstream Weekly". Retrieved 2016-04-30. 
  4. ^ "Naxalbari revisited - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2016-04-30.