Josiah William Bailey (September 14, 1873 – December 15, 1946) was a Democratic U.S. senator from the state of North Carolina between 1931 and 1946. Born in Warrenton, North Carolina, he grew up in Raleigh and graduated from Wake Forest College (now Wake Forest University). Before turning to a career in law, Bailey was editor of the Biblical Recorder, a newspaper for North Carolina Baptists.
|Josiah William Bailey|
|United States Senator
from North Carolina
March 4, 1931 – December 15, 1946
|Preceded by||Furnifold McL. Simmons|
|Succeeded by||William B. Umstead|
September 14, 1873|
Warrenton, North Carolina
|Died||December 15, 1946
Raleigh, North Carolina
Elected to the U.S. Senate in 1930 by defeating longtime Democratic Senator Furnifold McLendel Simmons, Bailey earned a reputation as a conservative while in office. In 1937, he coauthored the bipartisan Conservative Manifesto, a document criticizing President Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal and proposing more conservative alternatives. Among other things, the Manifesto called for lower taxes and less spending.
During his time in office, he served as chairman of two different committees: the Committee on Claims and later the Committee on Commerce.
Bailey died in office in 1946.
He was well known for his quotes, especially for these two:
"They who forgive most shall be most forgiven."
"Since we humans have the better brain, isn't it our responsibility to protect our fellow creatures from, oddly enough, ourselves?"
- United States Congress. "Josiah Bailey (id: B000046)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- The "Conservative Manifesto" from the North Carolina History Project
- Biblical Recorder Column on Bailey at the Wayback Machine (archived September 28, 2007)
- "Taking on FDR: Senator Josiah Bailey and the 1937 Conservative Manifesto" by Troy Kickler, December 13, 2006
- Raleigh News & Observer Column on Bailey's Friendship with Huey Long[dead link]
- Josiah William Bailey at Find-A-Grave
- Finley, Keith M. Delaying the Dream: Southern Senators and the Fight Against Civil Rights, 1938–1965 (Baton Rouge, LSU Press, 2008).
- Moore, John Robert. Senator Josiah William Bailey of North Carolina: A Political Biography. Durham: Duke University Press, 1968.
- Josiah Bailey papers. 1773–1867. 2" linear. At the University of Washington Libraries, Special Collections.
Furnifold McLendel Simmons
|U.S. Senator (Class 2) from North Carolina
Served alongside: Cameron A. Morrison, Robert Rice Reynolds, Clyde R. Hoey
William Bradley Umstead