José María Plácido Caamaño
|12th President of Ecuador|
February 10, 1884 – June 30, 1888
|Vice President||Rafael Pérez Pareja|
Agustín Guerrero Lizarzaburu
Pedro José Cevallos
|Preceded by||Himself (as Interim President)|
|Succeeded by||Pedro José Cevallos|
|Interim President of Ecuador|
October 15, 1883 – February 10, 1884
|Preceded by||Ramón Borrero y Cortázar|
|Succeeded by||Himself (as President)|
|Born||October 5, 1837|
|Died||December 31, 1900 (aged 63)|
Caamaño was born in Guayaquil. He was the grandson of Spanish explorer Jacinto Caamaño. He studied law and theology in the seminary of his native city, and was educated in Quito. Subsequently he was mayor of Guayaquil, and chief of the custom-house service. He was a member of the Progresistas, a liberal Catholic party.
He was banished in 1882, went to Lima, organized a revolutionary expedition with which he left Callao on 14 April 1883, and landed in Ecuadorian territory three days afterward. He organized a division and joined the forces that were besieging Guayaquil about the middle of May. The place was taken by storm by the combined forces under Caamaño, Sarasti, Alfaro, and Salazar. The Progresistas came to power.
A provisional government was appointed until the national convention could meet, and on 11 October 1883 he was elected president ad interim, and finally proclaimed him President of the Republic on 17 February 1884.
An attempt was made to assassinate him in 1886, and he narrowly escaped death by throwing himself into a river. Under his administration telegraphs, railways, an institute of sciences, several Colleges, and many new schools were added to the resources of Ecuador.
After his term ended, he served as ambassador to US from 1889 to 1890.