José María Calatrava y Peinado

José María Calatrava y Peinado (26 February 1781 in Mérida, Spain – 16 January 1846 in Madrid) was a Spanish politician who served as the Prime Minister of Spain and Minister of State between 1836 and 1837.

José María Calatrava
José María Calatrava.jpg
Portrait by Antonio Gisbert, 1863
Prime Minister of Spain
In office
14 August 1836 – 18 August 1837
MonarchIsabella II
Preceded byFrancisco Javier de Istúriz
Succeeded byThe Count of Luchana
Personal details
Born26 February 1781
Mérida, Spain
Died16 January 1846 (aged 65)
Madrid, Spain
Resting placePantheon of Illustrious Men
Political partyPartido Progresista

The main action of Calatrava's administration was proclaiming the constitution of 1837 which granted freedom of religion in Spain while still requiring the state to support the Roman Catholic Church. This was too drastic a change for many in Spain and it caused the downfall of Calatrava's government.[1]

He finished his career as President of the Supreme Court of Spain (1840–1843).


  1. ^ Harold Livermore. A History of Spain (New York: Grove Press, 1958) p. 374
Political offices
Preceded by
Francisco Javier de Istúriz
Prime Minister of Spain
14 August 1836 – 18 August 1837
Succeeded by
The Count of Luchana
Minister of State
14 August 1836 – 18 August 1837
Succeeded by
Eusebio Bardají