José María Calatrava y Peinado
José María Calatrava y Peinado (26 February 1781 in Mérida, Spain – 16 January 1846 in Madrid) was a Spanish politician who served as the Prime Minister of Spain and Minister of State between 1836 and 1837.
José María Calatrava
|Prime Minister of Spain|
14 August 1836 – 18 August 1837
|Preceded by||Francisco Javier de Istúriz|
|Succeeded by||The Count of Luchana|
|Born||26 February 1781|
|Died||16 January 1846 (aged 65)|
|Resting place||Pantheon of Illustrious Men|
|Political party||Partido Progresista|
The main action of Calatrava's administration was proclaiming the constitution of 1837 which granted freedom of religion in Spain while still requiring the state to support the Roman Catholic Church. This was too drastic a change for many in Spain and it caused the downfall of Calatrava's government.
He finished his career as President of the Supreme Court of Spain (1840–1843).
- Harold Livermore. A History of Spain (New York: Grove Press, 1958) p. 374