Jorge Muñoz (Peruvian politician)

Jorge Vicente Martín Muñoz Wells (born 13 April 1962) is a Peruvian lawyer and politician who served as mayor of Lima from January 2019 until his removal from office by the National Jury of Elections in April 2022.[1][2] He previously served as mayor of Miraflores from 2011 to 2018.

Jorge Muñoz
Jorge Muñoz Wells 2018.jpg
Mayor of Lima
In office
1 January 2019 – 27 April 2022
Preceded byLuis Castañeda
Succeeded byMiguel Romero Sotelo
Mayor of Miraflores
In office
1 January 2011 – 31 December 2018
Preceded byManuel Masías
Succeeded byLuis Molina
Miraflores District Councilman
In office
1 September 1999 – 31 December 2010
Personal details
Born (1962-04-13) 13 April 1962 (age 60)
Lima, Peru
Political partyIndependent (2015–present)
Other political
Popular Action (non–affiliated / 2018–2020)
We Are Peru (2013–2015)
Alma materPontifical Catholic University of Peru (LL.B.)
University of Barcelona (M.A.)
WebsiteOfficial website

Early life and educationEdit

Muñoz was born in the middle-to upscale district of Miraflores District, Lima on 13 April 1962. His parents were Julio Germán Muñoz Valdivieso and Teresa María Molly Wells Leguía. On his mother's side, he is the great-grandson of Roberto Leguía y Salcedo, the brother of President Augusto B. Leguía, who ruled Peru from 1919 to 1930.

Upon completing his high school education at the Colegio Nuestra del Carmen "Carmelitas", Muñoz was admitted to the Pontifical Catholic University of Peru to study law. He subsequently took courses on citizen security and economic development in Israel, and management in Japan. Later on, he attained a master's degree on territorial planning and environmental management from the University of Barcelona.[3]


From 1999 to 2010, Muñoz was a senior associate at the Muñiz, Ramírez, Pérez-Taiman & Olaya firm in Lima. Previously, he served as Municipal Director for the Miraflores District, from 1996 to 1998.[4]

Following an election loss for the Miraflores District Council at the 1998 municipal elections, Muñoz was elected to the Council at the 1999 recall-election. As a member of We Are Peru, he worked closely with former mayor Alberto Andrade, who served as mayor of Lima. In 2002, he was elected Miraflores' Lieutenant Mayor, serving under mayor Fernando Andrade, from 2003 to 2006. He continued to serve in the council following his party's loss in the 2006 election.

Mayor of Miraflores (2011–2018)Edit

Muñoz ran for mayor of Miraflores at the 2010 Lima municipal elections, where he defeated the incumbent, Manuel Masías. In addition to his victory, his party obtained six of the nine council seats of the Miraflores District Council.[5]

In 2011, in his capacity as mayor, Muñoz was elected President of the OMAPED National Network Coordinator, a space from which local public policies on accessibility and inclusion for people with disabilities are promoted.[6] Subsequently, Muñoz was elected as a representative of local governments before the National Competitiveness Council in 2012.[7]

At the conclusion of his first term, Muñoz was successfully re-elected as mayor of Miraflores at the 2014 municipal election, obtaining 41.87% of the popular vote.[8] Into 11 months of his second term, he left We Are Peru. In a letter published on his Twitter account, he explained that this decision was due to the electoral alliance formed by We Are Peru with Alliance for Progress, presidential nominee César Acuña's party, for the 2016 general election.[9]

Mayor of Lima (2019–2022)Edit

On 22 October 2017, Muñoz launched his bid for mayor of Lima as an invited candidate for Popular Action. In May 2018, his nomination was officially launched.[10]

Although, he trailed behind Renzo Reggiardo throughout the polls, on election day, 7 October 2018, he was elected as the new mayor of Lima and the province of the homonymous special regime, being the virtual winner of the municipal elections, defeating Daniel Urresti and Reggiardo.[11][12] Curiously, his victory occurred on the birthday of former president Fernando Belaúnde, founder of Popular Action.[13]

On 1 January 2019, Muñoz and his 39 council members were sworn in to their respective positions in the Magic Water Circuit Park. The ceremony was attended by President Martín Vizcarra.[14][15][16]

On 27 April 2022, the National Jury of Elections ruled that Muñoz was to be removed from office since he served on the board of directors for the state-run Sedapal water utility company in 2019 while he was in office.[17][18] He was replaced by Miguel Romero Sotelo.[17]


  • 2012 Queen Sofía of Spain Award, a recognition of the Spanish government, delivered by the Queen of Spain herself.[19]
  • Award for Good Practices in Public Management (2012) in the categories Social Inclusion and Effective Environmental Management - CAD Ciudadanos al Día.[20]
  • Award for Good Practices in Public Management (2013, 2014) in the category of Citizen Security - CAD Ciudadanos al Día.[21]


  1. ^ "Jorge Muñoz juramentó como Alcalde de Lima". 1 January 2019. Retrieved 5 January 2021.
  2. ^ "Jorge Muñoz fue vacado del cargo de Alcalde de Lima". 27 April 2022. Retrieved 3 May 2021.
  3. ^ "Hoja de Vida". 20 August 2018. Retrieved 5 January 2021.
  4. ^ "Declaración Jurada de Vida del Candidato". 1 January 2007. Archived from the original on 2 October 2018. Retrieved 5 January 2021.
  5. ^ "Miraflores: Jorge Muñoz nuevo Alcalde Electo de Miraflores". miraflores.peru. 5 October 2010. Retrieved 5 January 2021.
  6. ^ Municipalidad Distrital de Miraflores (2011). "Alcalde preside red de OMAPED". Archived from the original on 8 October 2018. Retrieved 5 January 2021.
  7. ^ Municipalidad Distrital de Miraflores (2012). "Miraflores en Consejo de Competividad". Archived from the original on 8 October 2018. Retrieved 5 January 2021.
  8. ^ Oficina Nacional de Procesos Electorales (2014). "Resultados Electorales - Elecciones Municipales 2014". Retrieved 5 January 2021.
  9. ^ El Comercio, Redacción (12 December 2015). "Alcalde de Miraflores deja Somos Perú por alianza con Acuña". Retrieved 5 January 2021.
  10. ^ Zubieta Pacco, René (22 December 2017). "Jorge Muñoz apunta a la alcaldía de Lima: "Soy un candidato de unidad"". Retrieved 5 January 2021.
  11. ^ Gestión, Redacción (9 October 2018). "¿Quién es Jorge Muñoz, virtual alcalde de Lima Metropolitana?". Retrieved 5 January 2021.
  12. ^ El Comercio, Redacción (8 October 2018). "Elecciones 2018: revive el proceso que llevó a Jorge Muñoz a la alcaldía de Lima". Retrieved 5 January 2021.
  13. ^ Trome, Redacción (7 October 2018). "Jorge Muñoz ganó elección en el natalicio del expresidente y fundador de Acción Popular Fernando Belaúnde Terry". Retrieved 5 January 2021.
  14. ^ TV Perú (2 January 2019). "Jorge Muñoz jura como alcalde de Lima". Retrieved 5 January 2021.
  15. ^ RPP, Redacción (2 January 2019). "Jorge Muñoz juró como nuevo alcalde de Lima". Retrieved 5 January 2021.
  16. ^ El Comercio, Redacción (2 January 2019). "Jorge Muñoz juró como alcalde de Lima para los próximos cuatro años". Retrieved 5 January 2021.
  17. ^ a b "Miguel Romero Sotelo: ¿quién es el nuevo alcalde de Lima luego de la vacancia de Jorge Muñoz?". La Republica (in Spanish). 29 April 2022. Retrieved 5 May 2022.
  18. ^ "Alcalde Muñoz incurrió en causal de vacancia al ser alcalde de Lima y director de Sedapal a la vez". El Peruano (in Spanish). Retrieved 5 May 2022.
  19. ^ Rodríguez, Sabrina (1 October 2018). "Jorge Muñoz juró como alcalde de Lima para los próximos cuatro años". Retrieved 5 January 2021.
  20. ^ Municipalidad Distrital de Miraflores (2012). "Actividades del Alcalde de Miraflores". Archived from the original on 1 October 2018. Retrieved 5 January 2021.
  21. ^ Agencia de Noticias Andina, Redacción (11 July 2013). "Distinguen a Municipio de Miraflores por Buenas Prácticas en Seguridad Ciudadana". Retrieved 5 January 2021.
Political offices
Preceded by
Manuel Masías
Mayor of Miraflores
Succeeded by
Preceded by Mayor of Lima
Succeeded by