Jordan Atomic Energy Commission
Jordan Atomic Energy Commission (JAEC) (Arabic هيئة الطاقة الذرية الأردنية) was established in place of the Jordan Nuclear Energy Commission. The main objective of the JAEC is to promote and develop peaceful utilization of atomic energy.
|هيئة الطاقة الذرية الأردنية|
|Formed||January 5, 2008|
The commission directs its projects to the two objectives:
- The use of nuclear energy to produce electricity: Jordan is among the highest in the world in dependency on foreign energy sources, 96% of the country's energy needs come from imported oil and natural gas from neighboring Arab countries. This complete reliance on foreign oil imports consumes a significant amount of Jordan's GDP. This led the country to plan investments of $15 billion in renewable and nuclear energy. Jordan plans to get 60% of its energy needs from nuclear energy by 2035.
- Convert Salt water into drinking water: the scarcity of water resources in Jordan is one of the main challenges for Jordan. Although Jordan is considered among the top advanced countries in the world in water recycling, lack of water resources for a growing population is a main problem for the country, and it is given a high priority by the Jordanian governments. A study by the Ministry of Natural Resources found that the only way to meet the increasing water demands in the country is through desalination of sea water from the Gulf of Aqaba, then pumping the water to altitudes of 800–1000 meters above sea level to the population centers in Amman, Irbid, and Zarqa traveling distances of 300–400 km.
Jordanian Nuclear ProgramEdit
The nuclear program of Jordan includes building a research nuclear plant on campus of Jordan University of Science and Technology with a capacity of 5-10 Mwatt, for scientific research in medical, agricultural, and health services, the reactor was scheduled to be built in 2013.
The program also includes building a nuclear reactor on the Gulf of Aqaba 2–3 years after building the first one, with the purpose of desalinating water, followed by four nuclear electric power plants by the year 2035.
Synchrotron-light for Experimental Science and Applications in the Middle East (SESAME)Edit
JAEC collaborates with UNESCO in constructing the Middle East's first major international research center: International Centre for Synchrotron-Light for Experimental Science Applications in the Middle East (SESAME) in Allaan, Jordan (30 km from Amman). The project is provisioned and under the full responsibility of a council of six permanent members: Bahrain, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Pakistan, Palestinian Authority, and Turkey. Observer countries are Germany, Greece, Italy, Kuwait, Russian Federation, Sweden, UK, and the US.
- Jordan's Nuclear Program Elements Archived 2010-03-07 at the Wayback Machine
- "Jordan selects its nuclear technology". World Nuclear News. 29 October 2013. Retrieved 2 November 2013.
- Jordan Nuclear Regulatory Commission
- SESAME homepage
- SESAME research facility in Balqa Applied University Archived 2011-07-22 at the Wayback Machine