Johns Hopkins School of Medicine

The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine (JHUSOM), located in Baltimore, Maryland, is the research-intensive medical school of Johns Hopkins University. Founded in 1893, the School of Medicine shares a campus with the Johns Hopkins Hospital and Johns Hopkins Children's Center, established in 1889. Johns Hopkins has consistently ranked among the top medical schools in the United States, in terms of the number of research grants awarded by the National Institutes of Health, among other measures.

Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Hlogo.png
TypePrivate
Established1893
Parent institution
Johns Hopkins University
PresidentRonald J. Daniels
Academic staff
2,980+ full-time
1,270+ part-time[1]
Students480 M.D. 1,400 total[2]
Location, ,
United States
CampusUrban
Websitewww.hopkinsmedicine.org/som/

HistoryEdit

The founding physicians (the "Four Doctors") of the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine included pathologist William Henry Welch (1850–1934), the first dean of the school and a mentor to generations of research scientists; a Canadian, internist Sir William Osler (1849–1919), regarded as the Father of Modern Medicine, having been perhaps the most influential physician of the late 19th and early 20th centuries as author of The Principles and Practice of Medicine (1892), written at the Johns Hopkins Hospital and published for more than a century; surgeon William Stewart Halsted (1852–1922), who revolutionized surgery by insisting on subtle skill and technique, as well as strict adherence to sanitary procedures; and gynecologist Howard Atwood Kelly (1858–1943), a superb gynecological surgeon credited with establishing gynecology as a specialty and being among the first to use radium to treat cancer.[citation needed]

The Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, which was finally begun 17 years after its original visionary benefactor Johns Hopkins (1795–1873), died and opened only with the large financial help offered by several wealthy daughters of the city's business elite on condition that the medical school be open equally to students of both sexes, consequently one of the first co-educational medical colleges.[citation needed]

CampusEdit

The School of Medicine shares a campus with the Johns Hopkins Hospital and Johns Hopkins Children's Center, its main teaching hospitals, as well as several other regional medical centers, including Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center on Eastern Avenue in East Baltimore; the Howard County General Hospital, near Ellicott City, southwest of Baltimore; Suburban Hospital in Bethesda, (northwest of Washington, D.C.); Sibley Memorial Hospital in Washington, D.C.; and Johns Hopkins All Children's Hospital in St. Petersburg, Florida.[3] Together, they form an academic health science centre.

The Johns Hopkins School of Medicine is the home of many medical advancements and contributions, including the first of many to admit women and to introduce rubber gloves, which provided a sterile approach to conducting surgical procedures.[4] Johns Hopkins has also published The Harriet Lane Handbook, an indispensable tool for pediatricians, for over 60 years. The Lieber Institute for Brain Development is an affiliate of the School.[5]

ReputationEdit

According to the Flexner Report, Hopkins has served as the model for American medical education.[6] Its major teaching hospital, the Johns Hopkins Hospital, was ranked the top hospital in the United States every year from 1991 to 2011 by U.S. News & World Report.[7]

Colleges Advising ProgramEdit

Upon matriculation, medical students at the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine are divided into four Colleges named after famous Hopkins faculty members who have had an impact in the history of medicine (Florence Sabin, Vivien Thomas, Daniel Nathans, and Helen Taussig). The Colleges were established to "foster camaraderie, networking, advising, mentoring, professionalism, clinical skills, and scholarship" in 2005.[8] In each incoming class, 30 students are assigned to each College, and each College is further subdivided into six molecules of five students each. Each molecule is advised and taught by a faculty advisor, who instructs them in Clinical Foundations of Medicine, a core first-year course, and continues advising them throughout their 4 years of medical school. The family within each college of each molecule across the four years who belong to a given advisor is referred to as a macromolecule. Every year, the Colleges compete in the “College Olympics” in late October, a competition that includes athletic events and sports, as well as art battles and dance-offs. Sabin College is the defending Olympics champion from both 2017 and 2018. Taussig College has held the Spirit Award each consecutive Olympics since 2016.

Thomas College was named for Vivien Thomas, the surgical technician who was the driving force behind the successful creation of the Blalock-Taussig Shunt procedure (now renamed Blalock-Taussig-Thomas shunt). Thomas did not receive rightful credit for decades due to racial discrimination (Thomas was African-American). His story was detailed in the 2004 HBO documentary Something the Lord Made[9]

GovernanceEdit

The Johns Hopkins School of Medicine is led by Ronald J. Daniels, the president of the Johns Hopkins University, Paul B. Rothman, CEO and dean of the medical faculty, and Ronald R. Peterson, president of the Johns Hopkins Hospital and health system.[citation needed] The CFO of Johns Hopkins Medicine is Richard A. Grossi, who is also the Senior Associate Dean for Finance and Administration and executive vice president of Johns Hopkins Medicine.[citation needed]

Vice deans preside over specific administrative task areas. The vice deans are: William A Baumgartner, Vice Dean for Clinical Affairs; Janice E. Clements, Vice Dean for Faculty Affairs; Landon King, Vice Dean for Research; Daniel E. Ford, Vice Dean for Clinical Investigation; David G. Nichols, Vice Dean for Education; and David Hellmann, Vice Dean for the Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center. The dean's office also includes over twenty administrators in the position of associate or assistant dean.[10]

Nobel laureatesEdit

18 Nobel laureates associated with the School of Medicine as alumni and faculty have won the Nobel Prize in Medicine or Chemistry.[11] Johns Hopkins University as a whole counts 38 Nobel laureates.

Notable faculty and alumniEdit

 
John Jacob Abel, founder and chair of the first department of pharmacology in the U.S. at the University of Michigan, and later chair of the pharmacology department at Johns Hopkins

In popular cultureEdit

  • The ABC documentary series Hopkins takes a look at the life of the medical staff and students of the Johns Hopkins Hospital and Health System.[14] This new series is a sequel to the 2000 ABC special Hopkins 24/7. Both Hopkins and Hopkins 24/7 were awarded the Peabody Award.[15]
  • The movie Something the Lord Made is the story of two men – an ambitious white surgeon, head of surgery at the Johns Hopkins Hospital and a gifted black carpenter turned lab technician – who defied the racial strictures of the Jim Crow South and together pioneered the field of heart surgery.[16]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Fast Facts: Johns Hopkins Medicine" (PDF). Hopkins Medicine. Retrieved 26 March 2020.
  2. ^ "Hopkins Pocket Guide 2007" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-11-02. Retrieved 2009-07-03.
  3. ^ Fisher, Andy (2019-12-05). "Johns Hopkins Medicine: Patient Care Locations". Johns Hopkins Medicine. Retrieved 2011-11-02.
  4. ^ Molnar, Heather. "The History of Johns Hopkins Medicine". Retrieved 2017-02-17.
  5. ^ "JHU-affiliated Lieber Institute announces brain development research consortium". Retrieved 2019-07-12.
  6. ^ Ludmerer, Kenneth. The Development of American Medical Education from the Turn of the Century to the Era of Managed Care . Accessed July 8, 2007
  7. ^ U.S. News Best Hospitals: the Honor Roll Archived 2012-08-09 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on 2012-10-9.
  8. ^ Stewart, RW; Barker, AR; Shochet, RB; Wright, SM (2007). "The new and improved learning community at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine resembles that at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry". Medical Teacher. 29 (4): 353–7. doi:10.1080/01421590701477423. PMID 17786750.
  9. ^ https://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/something_the_lord_made
  10. ^ School of Medicine Deans 2008–2009. Hopkinsmedicine.org. Retrieved on 2011-11-02.
  11. ^ The Johns Hopkins University – Nobel Prize Winners Archived 2014-02-08 at the Wayback Machine. Webapps.jhu.edu. Retrieved on 2011-04-03.
  12. ^ Altman, Lawrence K., "George P. Berry, 87, Is Dead; Bacteriologist and Educator", New York Times
  13. ^ "Ralph Hruban, M.D".
  14. ^ "ABC Hopkins". Archived from the original on January 7, 2009.
  15. ^ Abc Documentary “Hopkins” Wins Prestigious Peabody Award. Hopkinsmedicine.org (2009-04-02). Retrieved on 2011-04-03.
  16. ^ Something the Lord Made – An HBO Film. Hopkinsmedicine.org. Retrieved on 2011-04-03.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 39°17′56″N 76°35′39″W / 39.29889°N 76.59417°W / 39.29889; -76.59417