Johns Hopkins School of Medicine

The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine (JHUSOM) is the medical school of Johns Hopkins University, a private research university in Baltimore, Maryland. Founded in 1893, the School of Medicine shares a campus with Johns Hopkins Hospital and Johns Hopkins Children's Center, established in 1889.

Johns Hopkins University
School of Medicine
TypePrivate medical school
Parent institution
Johns Hopkins University
PresidentRonald J. Daniels
DeanTheodore DeWeese
Academic staff
2,980+ full-time
1,270+ part-time[1]
Students480 (M.D. and M.D.-Ph.D)[2]
1,400 total[3]
Location, ,

Johns Hopkins School of Medicine consistently ranks among the top medical schools in the United States in terms of research grants awarded by the National Institutes of Health, and other factors.

History edit

The founding physicians of Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, sometimes referred to as the "Four Physicians", were pathologist William Henry Welch (1850–1934), the first dean of the school and a mentor to generations of research scientists,; Canadian, internist William Osler (1849–1919), who was perhaps the most influential physician of the late 19th and early 20th centuries and the author of The Principles and Practice of Medicine (1892), surgeon William Stewart Halsted (1852–1922), who revolutionized surgery by insisting on subtle skill and technique and strict adherence to sanitary procedures, and gynecologist Howard Atwood Kelly (1858–1943), a gynecological surgeon credited with establishing gynecology as a specialty and being among the first to use radium in the treatment of cancer.[citation needed]

Johns Hopkins School of Medicine opened 17 years after its original visionary benefactor Johns Hopkins (1795–1873) died with large financial assistance offered by several wealthy daughters of Baltimore's business elite on condition that the medical school be open equally to students of both sexes, which resulted in the medical school being one of the first co-educational medical colleges.[citation needed]

Campus edit

The School of Medicine shares a campus with the Johns Hopkins Hospital and Johns Hopkins Children's Center, which serve as the school's main teaching hospitals along with several other regional medical centers, including Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center on Eastern Avenue in East Baltimore, Howard County General Hospital near Ellicott City, Suburban Hospital in Bethesda, Sibley Memorial Hospital in Washington, D.C., and Johns Hopkins All Children's Hospital in St. Petersburg, Florida.[4] Together, they form an academic health science centre.

Johns Hopkins School of Medicine is the home of many medical advancements and contributions, including the first of many to admit women and to introduce rubber gloves, which provided a sterile approach to conducting surgical procedures.[5] Johns Hopkins has also published The Harriet Lane Handbook, an influential source of medical information for pediatricians, for over 60 years. The Lieber Institute for Brain Development is an affiliate of the school.[6]

Reputation edit

According to the Flexner Report, Hopkins has served as the model for American medical education.[7]

Its major teaching hospital, the Johns Hopkins Hospital, was ranked the top hospital in the United States every year from 1991 to 2011 by U.S. News & World Report.[8] In 2023-2024, U.S. News & World Report ranked Hopkins #2 in Research, and tied for #92 in Primary Care, among all medical schools in the United States. U.S. News also ranked Hopkins #1 in Anesthesiology, #1 in Internal Medicine, #2 in Obstetrics and Gynecology, #4 in Pediatrics, #3 in Psychiatry, tied at #3 in Radiology, and #1 in Surgery.[9][10]

Colleges edit

Upon matriculation, medical students at Johns Hopkins School of Medicine are divided into four colleges named after famous Hopkins faculty members who have had an impact in the history of medicine, Florence Sabin, Vivien Thomas, Daniel Nathans, and Helen Taussig. The colleges were established to "foster camaraderie, networking, advising, mentoring, professionalism, clinical skills, and scholarship" in 2005.[11]

In each incoming class, 30 students are assigned to each college, and each college is further subdivided into six molecules of five students each. Each molecule is advised and taught by a faculty advisor, who instructs them in Clinical Foundations of Medicine, a core first-year course, and continues advising them throughout their 4 years of medical school. The family within each college of each molecule across the four years who belong to a given advisor is referred to as a macromolecule. Every year, the colleges compete in the "College Olympics" in late October, a competition that includes athletic events and sports, as well as art battles and dance-offs.

Thomas College was named for Vivien Thomas, the surgical technician who was the driving force behind the successful creation of the Blalock-Taussig Shunt procedure, later renamed the Blalock-Taussig-Thomas shunt. Thomas, an African American, did not initially receive rightful credit due to racial discrimination. His story was detailed in the 2004 HBO documentary Something the Lord Made[12]

Governance edit

The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine is led by Ronald J. Daniels, president of Johns Hopkins University, and Theodore DeWeese, dean of the medical faculty and chief executive officer of Johns Hopkins Medicine. Kevin Sowers serves as president of Johns Hopkins Health System and executive vice president of Johns Hopkins Medicine.

Johns Hopkins Medicine is a joint collaboration between the School of Medicine and Johns Hopkins Health System, which includes six hospitals. The Dean of the School of Medicine also serves as the CEO of Johns Hopkins Medicine. [citation needed]

Nobel laureates edit

Since its founding, eighteen Nobel laureates have been associated with the School of Medicine as alumni or and faculty.[13] Johns Hopkins University as a whole counts 38 Nobel laureates.

Notable faculty and alumni edit

John Jacob Abel, founder and chair of the first department of pharmacology in the U.S. at the University of Michigan, and later chair of the pharmacology department at Johns Hopkins School of Medicine

In popular culture edit

  • The ABC documentary series Hopkins takes a look at the life of the medical staff and students of the Johns Hopkins Hospital and Health System.[16] This new series is a sequel to the 2000 ABC special Hopkins 24/7. Both Hopkins and Hopkins 24/7 were awarded the Peabody Award.[17]
  • The movie Something the Lord Made is the story of two men – an ambitious white surgeon, head of surgery at the Johns Hopkins Hospital and a gifted black carpenter turned lab technician – who defied the racial strictures of the Jim Crow South and together pioneered the field of heart surgery.[18]

References edit

  1. ^ "Fast Facts: Johns Hopkins Medicine" (PDF). Hopkins Medicine. Archived (PDF) from the original on 26 March 2020. Retrieved 26 March 2020.
  2. ^ "Meet the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine Class of 2025!". Johns Hopkins University. Retrieved 16 March 2024.
  3. ^ "Hopkins Pocket Guide 2007" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-11-02. Retrieved 2009-07-03.
  4. ^ Fisher, Andy (2019-12-05). "Johns Hopkins Medicine: Patient Care Locations". Johns Hopkins Medicine. Archived from the original on 2019-03-31. Retrieved 2011-11-02.
  5. ^ Molnar, Heather. "The History of Johns Hopkins Medicine". Archived from the original on 2017-02-17. Retrieved 2017-02-17.
  6. ^ "JHU-affiliated Lieber Institute announces brain development research consortium". Archived from the original on 2019-07-13. Retrieved 2019-07-12.
  7. ^ Ludmerer, Kenneth. The Development of American Medical Education from the Turn of the Century to the Era of Managed Care Archived 2008-07-24 at the Wayback Machine . Accessed July 8, 2007
  8. ^ U.S. News Best Hospitals: the Honor Roll Archived 2012-08-09 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on 2012-10-9.
  9. ^ "Focusing on Outcomes for Students: A Preview of the 2023-2024 U.S. News Best Medical Schools: Research Rankings". U.S. News & World Report. Archived from the original on 17 April 2023. Retrieved 18 April 2023.
  10. ^ "Johns Hopkins University". U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved 16 March 2024.
  11. ^ Stewart, RW; Barker, AR; Shochet, RB; Wright, SM (2007). "The new and improved learning community at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine resembles that at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry". Medical Teacher. 29 (4): 353–7. doi:10.1080/01421590701477423. PMID 17786750. S2CID 34265553.
  12. ^ "Something the Lord Made - Rotten Tomatoes". Rotten Tomatoes. 16 January 2007. Archived from the original on 2020-11-16. Retrieved 2021-02-01.
  13. ^ The Johns Hopkins University – Nobel Prize Winners Archived 2014-02-08 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on 2011-04-03.
  14. ^ Altman, Lawrence K., "George P. Berry, 87, Is Dead; Bacteriologist and Educator" Archived 2019-03-06 at the Wayback Machine, New York Times
  15. ^ "Ralph Hruban, M.D". Archived from the original on 2018-04-20. Retrieved 2018-04-20.
  16. ^ "ABC Hopkins". Archived from the original on January 7, 2009.
  17. ^ Abc Documentary “Hopkins” Wins Prestigious Peabody Award Archived 2009-09-27 at the Wayback Machine. (2009-04-02). Retrieved on 2011-04-03.
  18. ^ Something the Lord Made – An HBO Film Archived 2009-07-09 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on 2011-04-03.

External links edit

39°17′56″N 76°35′39″W / 39.29889°N 76.59417°W / 39.29889; -76.59417