Johnny O'Clock is a 1947 American film noir crime film written and directed by Robert Rossen, based on a story by Milton Holmes. The drama features Dick Powell, Evelyn Keyes, and Lee J. Cobb, with Jeff Chandler making his film debut in a small role.
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Robert Rossen|
|Produced by||Edward G. Nealis|
|Screenplay by||Robert Rossen|
|Story by||Milton Holmes|
Lee J. Cobb
|Music by||George Duning|
|Edited by||Al Clark|
|Distributed by||Columbia Pictures|
|Budget||more than $1 million|
Johnny O'Clock (Dick Powell) is a junior partner in a posh casino with Guido Marchettis (Thomas Gomez). Complicating their longtime working relationship is Guido's wife Nelle (Ellen Drew), who is still in love with former boyfriend Johnny. She gives Johnny an expensive custom pocket watch, the twin of a birthday present she gave her husband, except Johnny's has a romantic engraving on the back.
Johnny gives the watch, along with a rejection note, to Harriet Hobson (Nina Foch), a hat-check girl at the casino, to return to Nelle. Harriet, however, apparently commits suicide using gas. Her sister Nancy (Evelyn Keyes) shows up to find out what happened. She becomes attracted to Johnny. They eventually learn from Police Inspector Koch (Lee J. Cobb) that Harriet was killed by poison.
Harriet was dating Chuck Blayden (Jim Bannon), a crooked cop who is trying to persuade Guido to let him take Johnny's place. When Blayden also turns up dead, Koch suspects that either Johnny or Marchettis is responsible.
Though Johnny tries to resist, little by little, he falls for Nancy. When Koch shows both Johnny and Marchettis Johnny's watch and note, Johnny tells Nancy their relationship is through and takes her to the airport. As he is driving away, however, he narrowly survives a drive-by shooting, and Nancy realizes he was only trying to protect her. She refuses to leave him.
Johnny decides to flee to South America with Nancy, but not before brazenly cashing in his share of the casino. Marchettis pulls out a gun when Johnny's back is turned. They shoot it out; Marchettis is killed and Johnny wounded. Afterward, Nelle offers to testify it was self-defense, but only if he will come back to her. He refuses, so she tells Koch it was cold-blooded murder. Johnny's first instinct is to run away, but Nancy convinces him to give himself up.
- Dick Powell as Johnny O'Clock
- Evelyn Keyes as Nancy Hobson
- Lee J. Cobb as Inspector Koch
- Ellen Drew as Nelle Marchettis
- Nina Foch as Harriet Hobson
- Thomas Gomez as Guido Marchettis
- John Kellogg as Charlie
- Jim Bannon as Chuck Blayden
- Mabel Paige as Slatternly Woman Tenant
- Phil Brown as Phil, Hotel Clerk
- Jeff Chandler as Turk
The film was based on an original story by Milton Holmes. Rights were bought by Columbia, who originally tried to assign the project to Charles Vidor who refused (something which later came up when Vidor sued Columbia.) The studio then assigned the project to Robert Rossen to direct and Dick Powell to star. Evelyn Keyes was given the female lead. Lee J. Cobb was borrowed from 20th Century Fox to play a support role. Thomas Gomez was borrowed from Universal.
Dick Powell acted on radio with Jeff Chandler and was impressed by the young actor. Chandler later recalled, "It was Dick who took me to Columbia and told everybody who would listen, 'This kid ought to be in pictures.' One executive finally kinda gave him a look which said: 'All right you --- ---, we'll put him in yours.' And that's how I came to play a gambler in a card playing sequence."
Filming started 10 July 1946.
Time Out film guide notes "Despite good performances and fine camerawork from Burnett Guffey, Rossen's first film as director is a disappointingly flat thriller...Since they remain totally unmemorable (through no fault of the actors concerned), the subsequent action tends to become little more than a sequence of events mechanically strung together."
The staff at Variety magazine gave the film kudos, writing, "This is a smart whodunit, with attention to scripting, casting and camerawork lifting it above the average. Pic has action and suspense, and certain quick touches of humor to add flavor. Ace performances by Dick Powell, as a gambling house overseer, and Lee J. Cobb, as a police inspector, also up the rating...Although the plot follows a familiar pattern, the characterizations are fresh and the performances good enough to overbalance. Dialog is terse and topical, avoiding the sentimental, phoney touch. Unusual camera angles come along now and then to heighten interest and momentarily arrest the eye. Strong teamplay by Robert Rossen, doubling as director-scripter, and Milton Holmes, original writer and associate producer, also aids in making this a smooth production."
Film critic Bosley Crowther, gave the film a mixed review, criticizing it for slow pacing, writing, "But the slowness and general confusion of the plot for two-thirds of the film does not make for notable excitement, and the shallowness of the mystery as to who's doing all the killing relieves it of any great suspense. It is mainly a matter of watching Mr. Powell go through his paces stylishly while a large cast of actors and actresses give him customary support. Evelyn Keyes plays the good little lady who brings out the best in him and Ellen Drew is the sleek and slinky vixen who gets him into jams. Thomas Gomez is oily as the villain and Lee J. Cobb does another able tour as a weary police inspector who finally closes the case. A great deal of drinking, and smoking is done by all concerned."
- Naughty Words Described in Vidor Contract Fight: Director Suing for Film Release Confuses Judge Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 11 Dec 1946: A1.
- Variety 7 January 1948
- BY WAY OF REPORT By A. H. WEILER. New York Times (1923-Current file) [New York, N.Y] 21 Aug 1949: X3.
- FOX TO STAR CAGNEY IN 'RUE MADELEINE': Actor to Postpone Own Film to Take Lead in OSS Picture --'Postmen' Here Today Of Local Origin Special to THE NEW YORK TIMES.. New York Times (1923-Current file) [New York, N.Y] 02 May 1946: 28.
- EDDIE CANTOR SET FOR NEW FILM ROLE: He Will Commence Work Next Month as Producer-Star of RKO's 'RichMan, PoorMan' Special to THE NEW YORK TIMES.. New York Times (1923-Current file) [New York, N.Y] 06 July 1946: 21.
- Harpo Will Be Silent Star of 'Bryant Hall' Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 06 Aug 1946: A3.
- Jeff Chandler Finally Gets to 'Act His Age': Rising Young (31) Screens Player Considers Himself 'a Lucky Kid' SCHEUER, PHLIP K. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 29 Oct 1950: D3.
- STUDIOS EXCHANGE STORY PROPERTIES: Paramount Gets 'Connecticut Yankee'--Warners Acquires 'Victoria Grandolet' Peck Heads Selznick Cast Special to THE NEW YORK TIMES.. New York Times (1923-Current file) [New York, N.Y] 15 June 1946: 24
- Time Out. Film review, 2006. Last accessed: January 20, 2008.
- Variety, film review, 1947. Last accessed: January 20, 2008./
- Crowther, Bosley. The New York Times, film review, March 27, 1947. Last accessed: January 20, 2008.