John Gathorne-Hardy, 2nd Earl of Cranbrook

John Stewart Gathorne-Hardy, 2nd Earl of Cranbrook (22 March 1839 – 13 July 1911), known as Lord Medway from 1892 to 1906, was a British peer and Conservative Member of Parliament.

Born John Stewart Hardy, Cranbrook was the eldest son of the Conservative politician Gathorne Gathorne-Hardy, 1st Earl of Cranbrook, and Jane Orr. He assumed the additional surname of Gathorne by Royal licence in 1878 and when his father was elevated to the peerage as Earl of Cranbrook in 1892, he gained the courtesy title of Lord Medway. Cranbrook was elected to the House of Commons for Rye in 1868, a seat he held until 1880, and later represented Mid Kent from 1884 to 1885 and Medway from 1885 to 1892. In 1906 he succeeded his father as second Earl of Cranbrook and took his seat in the House of Lords.

Lord Cranbrook married Cicely Marguerite Wilhelmina Ridgway, daughter of Joseph Ridgway, in 1867. Their younger son, Hon. Sir John Francis Gathorne-Hardy, was a general in the army. Their daughter, Lady Dorothy Milner Gathorne-Hardy, married Rupert D'Oyly Carte. Lord Cranbrook died in July 1911, aged 72, and was succeeded by his eldest son Gathorne. Lady Cranbrook died in 1931.



  • Kidd, Charles, Williamson, David (editors). Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage (106th edition) (New York: St Martin's Press 1990)
  • Williamson, D (ed.) Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage (107th edition) (London 2002)

External linksEdit

  • Lundy, Darryl. "p. 1997 § 19963". The Peerage.[unreliable source]
  • Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by the Earl of Cranbrook
  • Leigh Rayment's Peerage Pages [self-published source][better source needed]
  • Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Lauchlan Bellingham Mackinnon
Member of Parliament for Rye
Succeeded by
Frederick Andrew Inderwick
Preceded by
William Hart Dyke
Sir Edmund Filmer
Member of Parliament for Mid Kent
1884 – 1885
With: William Hart Dyke
Constituency abolished
New constituency Member of Parliament for Medway
1885 – 1892
Succeeded by
Charles Edward Warde
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Gathorne Gathorne-Hardy
Earl of Cranbrook
Succeeded by
Gathorne Gathorne-Hardy