John Noble Wilford
|Born||October 4, 1933|
|Alma mater||University of Tennessee, Syracuse University|
|Notable awards||Pulitzer Prize (1984)|
Carl Sagan Award for Public Appreciation of Science (2001)
Wilford was born October 4, 1933, in Murray, Kentucky, and attended Grove High School across the border in nearby Paris, Tennessee. After graduating from high school, he attended Lambuth College for a year before transferring to University of Tennessee in the fall of 1952. He received a B.S. in journalism from UT in 1955 and an M.A. in political science from Syracuse University in 1956. After completing his master's degree, Wilford spent two years with the U.S. Army Counterintelligence Corps in West Germany.
Wilford's professional career began at The Commercial Appeal in Memphis, Tennessee, where he was a summer reporter in 1954 and 1955. He briefly served as a general assignment reporter at The Wall Street Journal in 1956. Following his military service, he was a medical reporter at the Journal from 1959 to 1961. In 1962, he held an Advanced International Reporting Fellowship at the Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism. That year, he also joined Time as a contributing editor specializing in science before moving in 1965 to The New York Times to be a science reporter (1965-1973) and science correspondent (1979-2008). While at the NYT he also worked as assistant national news editor (1973–1975) and director of science news (1975–1979).
In 1969, he wrote the newspaper's front-page article about the Apollo 11 landing. His was the only byline on the front page, beneath the headline "Men Walk On Moon" and under the subheading "A Powdery Surface is Closely Explored." On the 40th anniversary of the mission, Wilford's article was lauded by journalist Stephen Dubner, co-author of Freakonomics, who emphasized Wilford's skillful use of data. For example, Wilford wrote, "Although Mr. Armstrong is known as a man of few words, his heartbeats told of his excitement upon leading man's first landing on the moon. At the time of the descent rocket ignition, his heartbeat rate registered 110 a minute—77 is normal for him—and it shot up to 156 at touchdown." Dubner argues that this is one of the most elegant uses of data to have been ever used in journalism. In the 2010s, Wilford's name was the only byline on the newspaper's front-page obituaries of Neil Armstrong and John Glenn.
Wilford received the 1984 Pulitzer Prize for National Reporting for work on "scientific topics of national import". He also contributed to the staff entry that received a 1987 National Reporting Pulitzer for coverage of the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster and its implications. He has also won the G.M. Loeb Achievement Award from the University of Connecticut, the National Space Club Press Award and two awards from the Aviation-Space Writers Association. He was the 2008 recipient of the University of Tennessee's Hileman Distinguished Alumni Award.
The following is a partial bibliography:
- We Reach the Moon; the New York Times Story of Man's Greatest adventure (1969, ISBN 0-373-06369-0)
- The Mapmakers (1981, ISBN 0-394-46194-0)
- The Riddle of the Dinosaur (1985, ISBN 0-394-52763-1)
- Mars Beckons: the Mysteries, the Challenges, the Expectations of our Next Great Adventure in Space (1990, ISBN 0-394-58359-0)
- The Mysterious History of Columbus: an Exploration of the Man, the Myth, the Legacy (1991, ISBN 0-679-40476-7)
- Klein, Milton M. "Prominent Alumni: Part II". University of Tennessee, Knoxville History. University of Tennessee. Archived from the original on March 3, 2016. Retrieved July 22, 2009.
- "John Noble Wilford". University of Tennessee Libraries. Retrieved January 7, 2009.
- Wilford, John Noble (December 8, 2014). "Covering Mars Opened a New World". New York Times. Retrieved December 8, 2014.
- Wilford, John Noble (July 13, 2009). "On Hand for Space History, as Superpowers Spar". The New York Times. Retrieved July 22, 2009.
- Dubner, Stephen J. (July 21, 2009). "When Data Tell the Story". The New York Times. Retrieved July 22, 2009.
- Tech, S. I. S. (September 3, 2012). "Hileman Award - College of Communication and Information".