John Merrick (MP)

Sir John Merrick (1584–1659) was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1640 to 1648. He fought in the Parliamentary army in the English Civil War.

Military careerEdit

John Merrick joined the 3rd earl of Essex's expedition to Flanders in 1620. In 1624, he fought as a soldier in the Low Countries and fought in Spain in 1625; he was also knighted that year.[1] He fought in the Thirty Years' War under Gustavus Adolphus and was wounded on 17 August 1632 before Maastricht. In 1639-40, he commanded a regiment in the Bishops' Wars. When the Irish rebellion broke out in October 1641, the Commons recommended Sir John for a commission in Ireland.

On the outbreak of the Civil War Merrick was appointed Sergeant-Major-General in the Parliamentary Army commanded by the Earl of Essex. He commanded an infantry regiment Sir John Merrick's Foot, which took part in the Battle of Edgehill. After the Battle of Stratton, Merrick was appointed general of the Artillery, leading them at the Battles of Gloucester and Newbury.[1]

Political careerEdit

In April 1640, Sir John was elected Member of Parliament for Newcastle under Lyme in the Short Parliament. He was re-elected MP for Newcastle under Lyme for the Long Parliament in November 1640.[2] In 1647, he served as assessment commissioner for Pembrokeshire. However, his disapproval of the execution of the king in 1649 led to his retirement during the Interregnum.

Personal lifeEdit

Sir John is a member of the Meyrick family. He married Alice Fitton of Gawsworth and had a son and two daughters. He later married a widow Jane Wyche, who bore him no children.[1]

Merrick died at the age of 75 and was portrayed in Bush church wearing black armour.[1] This portrait is now located at the family seat of Slebech.[3]


  1. ^ a b c d BBC - Parliamentary Generals in the 1640s - Sir John Merrick
  2. ^ Willis, Browne (1750). Notitia Parliamentaria, Part II: A Series or Lists of the Representatives in the several Parliaments held from the Reformation 1541, to the Restoration 1660 ... London. pp. 229–239.
  3. ^ "Meyrick or Merrick family". Dictionary of Welsh Biography. National Library of Wales. Retrieved 5 September 2017.
Parliament of England
Preceded by
Parliament suspended since 1629
Member of Parliament for Newcastle under Lyme
With: Richard Lloyd 1640
Sir Richard Leveson 1640–1643
Samuel Terrick 1645–1648
Succeeded by
Not represented in Rump Parliament