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John Manners, 2nd Duke of Rutland KG (18 September 1676 – 22 February 1721), styled Lord Roos from 1679 to 1703 and Marquess of Granby from 1703 to 1711, was a British Whig politician sat in the English and British House of Commons from 1701 until 1711, when he succeeded to the peerage as Duke of Rutland.


The Duke of Rutland

John Manners, 2nd Duke of Rutland.jpg
John Manners, 2nd Duke of Rutland, oil by Jean-Baptiste Closterman c. 1730s, Belvoir Castle
Lord-Lieutenant of Leicestershire
In office
1714–1721
MonarchGeorge III
Preceded byThe Earl of Denbigh
Succeeded byThe Duke of Rutland
Personal details
Born18 September 1676
Died22 February 1721 (1721-02-23) (aged 44)
NationalityBritish
Spouse(s)Catherine Russell
Lucy Sherard
Children17, including John, William, Sherard, Robert, and Charles
ParentsJohn Manners, 1st Duke of Rutland
Catherine Wriothesley Noel
Coat of arms of John Manners, 2nd Duke of Rutland, KG

Contents

Early lifeEdit

CareerEdit

Manners was returned as a Whig Member of Parliament for Derbyshire at the first general election of 1701. He was returned as MP for Leicestershire at the second general election of 1701. At the 1705 English general election he was returned as MP for Grantham. He was a Commissioner for the Union with Scotland in 1706. He was returned again as MP for Grantham at the 1708 British general election. At the 1710 British general election, he was returned as MP for both Leicestershire and Grantham. He succeeded his father as Duke of Rutland on 10 January 1711 and vacated his seats in the house of Commons, having not chosen which he would choose.[1] He was Lord Lieutenant of Rutland from 1712 to 1715 and Lord Lieutenant of Leicestershire from 1714 to 1721. In 1714, he was made a Knight of the Garter.[2]

LegacyEdit

Manners married, firstly, Catherine Russell, daughter of William Russell, Lord Russell and Lady Rachel Wriothesley, on 23 August 1693. They had nine children:

Manners succeeded his father as Duke of Rutland on 10 January 1711.[3] A few months later, his wife Catherine died.[4]

He married, secondly, Lucy Sherard, daughter of Bennet Sherard, 2nd Baron Sherard, on 1 January 1713. Their children included:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "MANNERS, John, Ld. Roos (1676-1721), of Belvoir Castle, Lincs". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 1 July 2019.
  2. ^ "Rutland, Duke of (E, 1703)". Cracroft's Peerage: The Complete Guide to the British Peerage and Baronetage. Retrieved 20 January 2019.
  3. ^ G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume IX, page 156.
  4. ^ Mosley, Charles, editor. Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes. Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003. Page 319.
Parliament of England
Preceded by
Marquess of Hartington
Thomas Coke
Member of Parliament for Derbyshire
17011701
With: Marquess of Hartington
Succeeded by
Thomas Coke
Sir John Curzon, Bt
Preceded by
John Verney
John Wilkins
Member of Parliament for Leicestershire
17011702
With: The Lord Sherard
Succeeded by
John Verney
John Wilkins
Preceded by
Sir William Ellys, Bt
Richard Ellys
Member of Parliament for Grantham
17051707
With: Sir William Ellys, Bt
Succeeded by
Parliament of Great Britain
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Parliament of England
Member of Parliament for Grantham
17071710
With: Sir William Ellys, Bt
Succeeded by
Sir William Ellys, Bt
Sir John Thorold, Bt
Preceded by
Sir Geoffrey Palmer, Bt
Sir Gilbert Pickering, Bt
Member of Parliament for Leicestershire
17101711
With: Sir Geoffrey Palmer, Bt
Succeeded by
Sir Geoffrey Palmer, Bt
Sir Thomas Cave, Bt
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Earl of Denbigh
Lord Lieutenant of Leicestershire
1714–1721
Succeeded by
The Duke of Rutland
Peerage of England
Preceded by
John Manners
Duke of Rutland
1711–1721
Succeeded by
John Manners