John M. Deutch
John Mark Deutch (born July 27, 1938) is an American physical chemist and civil servant. He was the United States Deputy Secretary of Defense from 1994 to 1995 and Director of Central Intelligence (DCI) from May 10, 1995 until December 15, 1996. He is an emeritus Institute Professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and serves on the boards of directors of Citigroup, Cummins, Raytheon, and Schlumberger Ltd. Deutch is also a member of the Trilateral Commission.
John M. Deutch
|17th Director of Central Intelligence|
May 10, 1995 – December 15, 1996
|Deputy||William O. Studeman|
|Preceded by||James Woolsey|
|Succeeded by||George Tenet|
|United States Deputy Secretary of Defense|
March 11, 1994 – May 10, 1995
|Preceded by||William Perry|
|Succeeded by||John P. White|
|Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Technology|
April 2, 1993 – March 11, 1994
|Preceded by||Donald Yockey|
|Succeeded by||Paul G. Kaminski|
John Mark Deutch
July 27, 1938
|Education||Amherst College (BA)|
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MS, PhD)
Deutch was born in Brussels, Belgium, the son of Rachel Felicia (Fischer) and Michael Joseph Deutch. He is of Russian Jewish heritage, and became a United States citizen in 1945. He graduated from the Sidwell Friends School in Washington, D.C., and earned a bachelor's degree in history and economics from Amherst College. In 1961, he earned a Master of Science degree in chemical engineering and, in 1966, he earned a PhD in chemistry, both from Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He holds honorary degrees from Amherst College, University of Massachusetts Lowell, and Northeastern University.
From 1977 to 1980, he served in several positions for the United States Department of Energy (DOE): as Director of Energy Research, Acting Assistant Secretary for Energy Technology, and Undersecretary of the Department. In 1978, Deutch published two physical-chemistry papers (in, Combustion and Flame, 1978, vol 231 pp. 215–221 and 223-229) on modeling the mechanism of the Fuel/Air mixture. He served as the provost of MIT from 1985 - 1990. As MIT Dean of Science and Provost, Deutch oversaw the disbanding of the Department of Applied Biological Sciences, including its toxicology faculty.
CIA Director tenureEdit
In 1995, President Bill Clinton appointed him Director of Central Intelligence. As Deutch was initially reluctant to accept the appointment, the position was conferred with Cabinet rank, a perquisite ultimately retained by successor George Tenet through the end of the Clinton administration. As head of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), Deutch continued the policy of his predecessor R. James Woolsey to declassify records pertaining to U.S. covert operations during the Cold War.
In 1996, Deutch took the unusual step of traveling to Locke High School in Los Angeles to deny reports that the CIA had facilitated the introduction of crack cocaine into Los Angeles. Speaking to a hostile crowd, Deutch denied any connection between the CIA and cocaine traffic in Los Angeles and vowed to open an investigation. The meeting was prompted by allegation published by journalist Gary Webb that connected the CIA to the California cocaine trade and trafficker Danilo Blandón.
Deutch fell out of favor with the Clinton administration because of public testimony he gave to Congress on Iraq. Specifically Deutch testified that Saddam Hussein was stronger than he was four years ago and the CIA might never be able to remedy the issue. Clinton replaced Deutch after he had won re-election.
Deutch left the CIA on December 15, 1996, and soon after it was revealed that several of his laptop computers contained classified information wrongfully labeled as unclassified. In January 1997, the CIA began a formal security investigation of the matter. Senior management at CIA declined to fully pursue the security breach. Over two years after his departure, the matter was referred to the Department of Justice, where Attorney General Janet Reno declined prosecution. She did, however, recommend an investigation to determine whether Deutch should retain his security clearance. Deutch had agreed to plead guilty to a misdemeanor for mishandling government secrets on January 19, 2001, but President Clinton pardoned him in his last day in office, two days before the Justice Department could file the case against him.
In 1995, when Deutch became head of the CIA, The New York Times quoted long-time critical scholar and social activist Noam Chomsky as saying, "He has more honesty and integrity than anyone I've ever met in academic life, or any other life... If somebody's got to be running the C.I.A., I'm glad it's him."
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-05-16. Retrieved 2017-02-07.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "John Deutch — Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
- "The Trilateral Commission, September 2015 [membership list]" (PDF). The Trilateral Commission. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
- Smith, W. Thomas (22 March 2018). Encyclopedia of the Central Intelligence Agency. Infobase Publishing. ISBN 9781438130187. Retrieved 22 March 2018 – via Google Books.
- ""CIA's Historical Review Program", National Archives (NARA) electronic collections". Archived from the original on December 30, 2007.
- Pierce, Charles P. (June 18, 2013). "Gary Webb And The Limits Of Vindication". Esquire. Archived from the original on December 23, 2014. Retrieved November 11, 2018.
- Doyle McManus, "Clinton Appears Set to Pick Lake as CIA Director," Los Angeles Times (04 December 1996)
- 'Legacy of Ashes: The History of the CIA’, by: Tim Weiner (paperback, 2008), p.535
- Snider, L. Britt (February 18, 2000). "Improper Hnadling of Classified Information By John M. Deutch". Central Intelligence Agency Inspector General.
- Central Intelligence Agency Inspector General Report of Investigation Improper Handling of Classified Information By John M. Deutch, February 18, 2000
- Ross, Sonya, "Clinton Pardons More Than 100", Washington Post, January 20, 2001
- Ex-CIA Head Planned Guilty Plea, "Washington Post", January 24, 2001
- Weiner, Tim (December 10, 1995). "The C.I.A.'s most Important Mission: Itself". The New York Times.
- "APS Member History". search.amphilsoc.org. Retrieved 2021-05-17.
- "John M. Deutch". Harvard.edu. Retrieved 24 Apr 2014.
- "WEDDINGS/CELEBRATIONS; Marne Levine, Philip Deutch". New York Times. 22 June 2003. Retrieved 14 February 2018.
- Deutch's MIT Biography
- "Nora Slatkin's Mission Impossible: The CIA," BusinessWeek, Feb. 26, 1996 (About the CIA executive director hired by Deutch to improve diversity at the CIA.)
- Appearances on C-SPAN