Joel Martin Flaum (born November 26, 1936) is a Senior United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit and a former United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois.
|Senior Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit|
|Assumed office |
November 30, 2020
|Chief Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit|
August 1, 2000 – November 27, 2006
|Preceded by||Richard Posner|
|Succeeded by||Frank H. Easterbrook|
|Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit|
May 5, 1983 – November 30, 2020
|Appointed by||Ronald Reagan|
|Preceded by||Robert Arthur Sprecher|
|Judge of the United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois|
December 20, 1974 – June 1, 1983
|Appointed by||Gerald Ford|
|Preceded by||Philip Willis Tone|
|Succeeded by||Ilana Rovner|
Joel Martin Flaum
November 26, 1936
Hudson, New York
|Education||Union College (BA)|
Northwestern University School of Law (JD, LLM)
Born in Hudson, New York, Flaum received a Bachelor of Arts degree from Union College in 1958, a Juris Doctor from Northwestern University School of Law in 1963, and a Master of Laws from the same institution in 1964. He was a United States Naval Reserve Lieutenant Commander, JAG Corps from 1981 to 1992.
Flaum was in private practice in Chicago, Illinois from 1964 to 1965. He then transitioned into public service as an Assistant State's Attorney of Cook County, Illinois, from 1965 to 1969. He served as a Lecturer, Northwestern University School of Law from 1967 to 1969, and he helped found the Police Legal Advisory Program at Northwestern. Flaum was an Assistant Attorney General of Illinois from 1969 to 1970, and he became First Assistant Attorney General of Illinois from 1970 to 1972. He was First Assistant United States Attorney for the Northern District of Illinois from 1972 to 1975.
Federal judicial serviceEdit
On November 18, 1974, at the age of 38, Flaum was nominated by President Gerald Ford to a seat on the United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois vacated by Judge Philip Willis Tone. Flaum was confirmed by the United States Senate on December 18, 1974, and received his commission on December 20, 1974. Flaum's service terminated on June 1, 1983, due to elevation to the Seventh Circuit.
Flaum was then nominated by President Ronald Reagan on April 14, 1983, to a seat on the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit vacated by Judge Robert Arthur Sprecher. Flaum was confirmed by the Senate on May 4, 1983, and received his commission on May 5, 1983. He served as Chief Judge from 2000 to 2006. Flaum assumed senior status on November 30, 2020.
In March 2017, Flaum found that police officers could not be sued for needlessly destroying property during a search because they had prevented the owner from witnessing which officers had caused the damage. Judge David Hamilton partially dissented, arguing that the owner should not have been required to instead plead a novel "conspiracy of silence" claim.
On April 4, 2017, Flaum wrote a concurrence when the 7th Circuit upheld (in an 8–3 vote) that employment discrimination based on sexual orientation violates Title VII of the Civil Rights Act.
Flaum wrote: "Consequently, employment discrimination based on an employee’s interracial relationship is, in part, tied to an enumerated trait: the employee’s race. This type of discrimination is prohibited by Title VII. The same principle applies here. Ivy Tech allegedly refused to promote Professor Hively because she was homosexual—or (A) a woman who is (B) sexually attracted to women. Thus, the College allegedly discriminated against Professor Hively, at least in part, because of her sex. I conclude that Title VII, as its text provides, does not allow this."
On April 19, 2018, Flaum was the deciding vote in blocking Indiana's fetal burial requirement. Flaum was also in the 3–0 majority to block Indiana's ban on abortions due to race, sex, or disability. The majority opinion was written by William Joseph Bauer, and the 2–1 and 3–0 discrepancy comes from the partial dissent of Daniel Anthony Manion.
On June 25, 2018, Flaum again cast the decisive vote in favor of abortion rights, to deny rehearing of the April 2018 cases. The U.S. Supreme Court partially overturned and partially declined to review the opinion in Box v. Planned Parenthood of Indiana and Kentucky, Inc.
Despite his 2018 votes in favor of abortion rights, on November 1, 2019, Flaum voted to rehear a case after a three-judge panel blocked Indiana's parental notification requirements. Flaum joined a dissent written by Michael Stephen Kanne.
On September 7, 2018, Flaum ruled that the felon dispossession statutes that barred felons from getting rifles does not violate the Second Amendment. Flaum was joined by Kenneth Francis Ripple over the dissent of Amy Coney Barrett.
Joel Martin Flaum was inducted as a Laureate of The Lincoln Academy of Illinois and awarded the Order of Lincoln (the State's highest honor) by the Governor of Illinois in 2008 in the area of Government and Law.
- "Flaum, Joel Martin - Federal Judicial Center". www.fjc.gov.
- Colbert v. City of Chicago, 851 F.3d 649 (7th Cir. 2017).
- Note, Recent Case: Seventh Circuit Suggests Conspiracy-of-Silence Claim for Plaintiffs Who Are Prevented from Witnessing Search, 131 Harv. L. Rev. 1171 (2018).
- "Full appeals court won't rehear Indiana abortion law case". AP NEWS. November 1, 2019.
- "Kanter v. Barr, No. 18-1478 (7th Cir. 2019)". Justia Law.
- "Laureates by Year - The Lincoln Academy of Illinois". The Lincoln Academy of Illinois. Retrieved 2016-03-07.
- Joel Martin Flaum at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
Philip Willis Tone
| Judge of the United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois
Robert Arthur Sprecher
| Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit
| Chief Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit
Frank H. Easterbrook