Jimmy Rogers (June 3, 1924 – December 19, 1997) was an American Chicago blues singer, guitarist and harmonica player, best known for his work as a member of Muddy Waters's band in the early 1950s. He also had a solo career and recorded several popular blues songs, including "That's All Right" (now a blues standard), "Chicago Bound", "Walking by Myself" (his sole R&B chart appearance), and "Rock This House". He withdrew from the music industry at the end of the 1950s but returned to recording and touring in the 1970s.
|Birth name||Jay or James Arthur Lane|
|Born||June 3, 1924|
Ruleville, Mississippi, U.S.
|Died||December 19, 1997 (aged 73)|
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
Rogers was born Jay or James Arthur Lane in Ruleville, Mississippi, on June 3, 1924. He was raised in Atlanta and Memphis. He adopted his stepfather's surname. He learned to play the harmonica with his childhood friend Snooky Pryor, and as a teenager he took up the guitar. He played professionally in East St. Louis, Illinois, with Robert Lockwood, Jr., among others. Rogers moved to Chicago in the mid-1940s. By 1946, he had recorded as a harmonica player and singer for the Harlem record label, run by J. Mayo Williams. Rogers's name did not appear on the record, which was mislabeled as the work of Memphis Slim and His Houserockers.
In 1947, Rogers, Muddy Waters and Little Walter began playing together, forming Waters's first band in Chicago (sometimes referred to as the Headcutters or the Headhunters, because of their practice of stealing jobs from other local bands). The band members recorded and released music credited to each of them as solo artists. The band defined the sound of the nascent Chicago blues style (more specifically, South Side Chicago blues). Rogers recorded several sides of his own with small labels in Chicago, but none were released at the time. He began to achieve success as a solo artist in 1950, with the song "That's All Right", released by Chess Records, but he stayed in Waters's band until 1954. In the mid-1950s he had several successful records released by Chess, most of them featuring either Little Walter or Big Walter Horton on harmonica, notably "Walking by Myself". In the late 1950s, as interest in the blues waned, he gradually withdrew from the music industry.
In the early 1960s, Rogers briefly worked as a member of Howling Wolf's band, before quitting the music business altogether for almost a decade. He worked as a taxicab driver and owned a clothing store, which burned down in the 1968 Chicago riots following the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. Rogers gradually began performing in public again, and in 1971, when fashions made him somewhat popular in Europe, he began occasionally touring and recording, including a 1977 session with Waters which resulted in the album I'm Ready. By 1982, Rogers was again a full-time solo artist. He owned and drove a white 1965 Ford Mustang Convertible which he eventually sold. He continued touring and recording albums until his death.
In 1995, Rogers was inducted into the Blues Hall of Fame. His song, "That's All Right", was inducted by the organization in 2016 as a "Classic of Blues Recording", which identified it as a blues standard.
- "That's All Right" backed with "Ludella" (1950, Chess)
- "Goin' Away Baby" / "Today, Today, Blues" (1950, Chess)
- "The World's in a Tangle" / "She Loves Another Man" (1951, Chess)
- "Out on the Road" / "The Last Time" (1952, Chess)
- "Chicago Bound" / "Sloppy Drunk" (1954, Chess)
- "Walking by Myself" / "If It Ain't Me (Who You Thinking Of)" (1956, Chess)
- "Rock This House" / "My Last Meal" (1959, Chess)
- Chicago Bound (1970, Chess), compilation of 1950s Chess recordings
- Sloppy Drunk (1973, Black & Blue), studio album recorded in 1973
- Gold Tailed Bird (1971, Shelter)
- Jimmy Rogers (1984, Chess Masters series), double LP compilation with more 1950s recordings
- That's All Right (1989, Charly), compilation of Chess recordings
- Ludella (1990, Antone's), studio and live recordings c. 1990
- Jimmy Rogers with Ronnie Earl and the Broadcasters (1993, CrossCut), live recording from 1991
- Feelin' Good (1994, Blind Pig), with Rod Piazza
- Blue Bird (1994, Analogue Productions), studio recording from 1993
- The Complete Chess Recordings (1997, Chess/MCA), double CD
- Blues Blues Blues (1999, Atlantic), as the "Jimmy Rogers All-Stars", with Mick Jagger, Keith Richards, Eric Clapton, Taj Mahal, Lowell Fulson, Jimmy Page, Robert Plant, Jeff Healey and others
- "Died On This Date (December 19, 1997) Jimmy Rogers / Played With Muddy Waters". Themusicisover.com. Retrieved March 10, 2021.
- Russell 1997, p. 161. sfn error: no target: CITEREFRussell1997 (help)
- Dahl 1996, p. 226.
- Eagle & LeBlanc 2013, p. 196.
- Harris 1979, p. 442. sfn error: no target: CITEREFHarris1979 (help)
- Palmer 1981, p. 200. sfn error: no target: CITEREFPalmer1981 (help)
- Gordon 2002, p. 74.
- Palmer 1981, p. 15. sfn error: no target: CITEREFPalmer1981 (help)
- Palmer 1981, p. 208. sfn error: no target: CITEREFPalmer1981 (help)
- Dahl, Bill. "Good Rockin' Charles". AllMusic. Retrieved November 23, 2011.
- Colin Larkin, ed. (1995). The Guinness Who's Who of Blues (Second ed.). Guinness Publishing. pp. 309/311. ISBN 0-85112-673-1.
- "1995 Hall of Fame Inductees: Jimmy Rogers". The Blues Foundation. Archived from the original on February 10, 2009. Retrieved October 27, 2008.
- "2016 Hall of Fame Inductees: Jimmy Rogers – "That's All Right" (Chess, 1950)". The Blues Foundation. September 14, 2016. Retrieved March 1, 2017.
- Darwen 1989, p. 2.
- Dahl 1996, pp. 226–227.
- Dahl, Bill (1996). "Jimmy Rogers". In Erlewine, Michael; Bogdanov, Vladimir; Woodstra, Chris; Koda, Cub (eds.). All Music Guide to the Blues. San Francisco: Miller Freeman Books. ISBN 0-87930-424-3.
- Darwen, Norman (1989). That's All Right (Album notes). Jimmy Rogers. London: Charly Records. CD RED 16.
- Eagle, Bob L.; LeBlanc, Eric S. (2013). Blues: A Regional Experience. Santa Barbara, California: Praeger. ISBN 978-0313344244.
- Gordon, Robert (2002). Can't Be Satisfied: The Life and Times of Muddy Waters. New York City: Little, Brown. ISBN 0-316-32849-9.
- Palmer, Robert (1982). Deep Blues. New York City: Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14006-223-8.
- Whitburn, Joel (1988). "Jimmy Rogers". Top R&B Singles 1942–1988. Menomonee Falls, Wisconsin: Record Research. ISBN 0-89820-068-7.