Jikishinkage-ryu Naginatajutsu

Jikishinkage-ryū naginatajutsu (直心影流薙刀術) is a naginatajutsu koryū which claims to have descended from Kashima Shinden Jikishinkage-ryū. Despite this claim, Jikishinkage-ryū naginatajutsu does not appear to have any of the original rituals, esoteric teachings, body and weapon movements of Kashima Shinden Jikishinkage-ryū.[1]

Jikishinkage-ryū Naginatajutsu
(直心影流薙刀術)
Foundation
FounderMatsumoto Bizen no Kami (松本備前守)
Date foundedc. 1570
Period foundedLate Muromachi period
Current information
Current headmasterOgiwara Haruko (荻原 晴子)
Arts taught
ArtDescription
NaginatajutsuGlaive art
TantōDagger art
Ancestor schools
Kashima Shinden Jikishinkage-ryū
Descendant schools
None identified

Sometime during the 1860s, Satake Kanryūsai (佐竹鑑柳斎) and his wife, Satake Shigeo (佐竹茂雄) developed a new naginata style which eventually came to be known as Jikishinkage-ryū naginatajutsu. In the Bugei Ryūha Daijiten (武芸流派大事典), the name of this school is also rendered as Jikishin-ryū-kage-ryū (直心柳影流) .[2][3] It is usually claimed that Satake Kanryūsai was an exponent of Kashima Shinden Jikishinkage-ryū (鹿島神傳直心影流) and Yanagikage-ryū (柳影流).[4][5] However it is believed by some that Ryūgō-ryū (柳剛流) was instead the main influence of Jikishinkage-ryū naginatajutsu,[6] as Ryūgō-ryū was famous for using very long shinai (120 - 183 cm in length) as well as attacks to the lower legs, a technique which Jikishinkage-ryū naginatajutsu itself became famous for. Additionally, the way the naginata is held in Jikishinkage-ryū naginatajutsu appears to resemble that of a sword rather than a heavy pole weapon.[7]

The school's main curriculum consists of twenty-five naginata kata and ten tantō kata. In addition, there are five secret naginata gokui-waza (極意技) and four kata forming the reiken-shihō-kiri (霊剣四方切). Ten kusarigama kata from Chokuyūshin-ryū (直猶心流) are also transmitted together with the naginata kata.[8]

Jikishinkage-ryū naginatajutsu and Tendō-ryū are the two main classical schools of naginatajutsu which the modern practice atarashii naginata is mainly derived from.[9]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Amdur, Ellis (2013). Old School. Essays on Japanese Martial Traditions Expanded Edition. Freelance Academy Press, Inc. p. 199. ISBN 978-1-937439-16-3.
  2. ^ 綿谷雪, 山田忠史 (Watatani Kiyoshi, Yamada Tadachika) (1978). 武芸流派大事典 (Bugei Ryūha Daijiten). 東京コピイ出版部. p. 336. ASIN B00J8GID4M.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  3. ^ 加来耕三 (Kaku Kouzo) (2015). 日本武術武道大事典 (Encyclopedia of Budo, the military arts of Japan). 勉誠出版. p. 272. ISBN 978-4585200321.
  4. ^ 横瀬 (Yokose), 知之 (Tomoyuki) (2001). 日本の古武道 (Nihon no Kobudō). 日本武道館 (Nippon Budōkan). p. 311. ISBN 978-4583035864.
  5. ^ 綿谷雪, 山田忠史 (Watatani Kiyoshi, Yamada Tadachika) (1978). 武芸流派大事典 (Bugei Ryūha Daijiten). 東京コピイ出版部. p. 336. ASIN B00J8GID4M.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  6. ^ 日本古武道協会 (Nihon Kobudō Kyōkai) (1989). 日本古武道総覧 (Nihon Kobudō Sōran). 島津書房. p. 130. ISBN 978-4882180159.
  7. ^ Amdur, Ellis (2013). Old School. Essays on Japanese Martial Traditions Expanded Edition. Freelance Academy Press, Inc. pp. 199–200. ISBN 978-1-937439-16-3.
  8. ^ 横瀬 (Yokose), 知之 (Tomoyuki) (2001). 日本の古武道 (Nihon no Kobudō). 日本武道館 (Nippon Budōkan). pp. 314, 316–322. ISBN 978-4583035864.
  9. ^ 日本武道館 (Nippon Budōkan) (2011). BUDO THE MARTIAL WAYS OF JAPAN. ベースボール・マガジン社 (Baseball Magazine Company). pp. 242–243. ISBN 978-4990169459.