Ji (surname 计)

is the Mandarin pinyin romanization of the Chinese surname written in simplified Chinese and in traditional Chinese. It is romanized as Chi in Wade–Giles, and Kai or Gai in Cantonese. Ji is listed 113th in the Song Dynasty classic text Hundred Family Surnames.[1] Relatively uncommon, it is not among the top 300 surnames in China.[2] A 2013 study found it was the 316th-most common surname, being shared by 165,0000 people or 0.012% of the population, with the province with the most being Anhui.

Ji (计/計)
計.png
PronunciationJì (Mandarin)
Gai (Cantonese)
Language(s)Chinese
Origin
Language(s)Old Chinese
Other names
Variant form(s)Chi, Kai, Gai

OriginsEdit

According to the Song dynasty text Lushi, a lineage that descended from Yu the Great was enfeoffed at Ji 计, and adopted it as their surname.[3]

According to the Qing dynasty genealogy text Xingshi Kaolue (姓氏考略), another source of the Ji surname was the Zhou dynasty Dongyi state of Ju, whose capital was at Jijin (计斤, in present-day Jiaozhou, Shandong). Some citizens of Jijin adopted Ji as their surname.[3]

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "百家姓" [Hundred Family Surnames] (in Chinese). Guoxue. Retrieved 2014-02-25.
  2. ^ 中国最新300大姓排名(2008) [300 most common surnames in China (2008)] (in Chinese). Taiwan.cn. 2009-01-06. Retrieved 2014-03-05.
  3. ^ a b 计姓起源,名人及家谱 [Origin and famous people of the Ji surname] (in Chinese). Shangdu. 2008-07-17. Archived from the original on 2014-05-11. Retrieved 2014-03-05.