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Jefferson County is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 69,709.[2] Its county seat is Steubenville.[3] The county is named for Thomas Jefferson, who was at the time of its creation Vice President.[4]

Jefferson County, Ohio
Jefferson County Courthouse in Steubenville.jpg
Seal of Jefferson County, Ohio
Seal
Map of Ohio highlighting Jefferson County
Location in the U.S. state of Ohio
Map of the United States highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location in the U.S.
Founded July 29, 1797[1]
Named for Thomas Jefferson
Seat Steubenville
Largest city Steubenville
Area
 • Total 411 sq mi (1,064 km2)
 • Land 408 sq mi (1,057 km2)
 • Water 2.6 sq mi (7 km2), 0.6%
Population
 • (2010) 69,709
 • Density 171/sq mi (66/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.jeffersoncountyoh.com

Jefferson County is part of the Weirton-Steubenville, WV-OH Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Pittsburgh-New Castle-Weirton, PA-WV-OH Combined Statistical Area.[5]

Contents

HistoryEdit

Jefferson County was organized on July 29, 1797 by proclamation of Governor Arthur St. Clair, six years before Ohio was granted statehood.

In 1786, the United States built Fort Steuben to protect the government surveyors mapping the land west of the Ohio River. When the surveyors completed their task a few years later, the fort was abandoned. In the meantime, settlers had built homes around the fort; they named their settlement La Belle. When the County was created in 1797, La Belle was selected as the County seat. The town was subsequently renamed Steubenville, in honor of the abandoned fort.

During the first half of the nineteenth century, Steubenville was primarily a port town, and the rest of the county consisted of small villages and farms. However, in 1856, Frazier, Kilgore and Company erected a rolling mill (the forerunner of steel mills) and the Steubenville Coal and Mining Company sank a coal shaft, resulting in Jefferson County becoming one of the leading centers of the new Industrial Revolution.

GeographyEdit

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 411 square miles (1,060 km2), of which 408 square miles (1,060 km2) is land and 2.6 square miles (6.7 km2) (0.6%) is water.[6]

Adjacent countiesEdit

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
1800 8,766
1810 17,260 96.9%
1820 18,531 7.4%
1830 22,489 21.4%
1840 25,030 11.3%
1850 29,133 16.4%
1860 26,115 −10.4%
1870 29,188 11.8%
1880 33,018 13.1%
1890 39,415 19.4%
1900 44,357 12.5%
1910 65,423 47.5%
1920 77,580 18.6%
1930 88,307 13.8%
1940 98,129 11.1%
1950 96,495 −1.7%
1960 99,201 2.8%
1970 96,193 −3.0%
1980 91,564 −4.8%
1990 80,298 −12.3%
2000 73,894 −8.0%
2010 69,709 −5.7%
Est. 2016 66,704 [7] −4.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2013[2]

2000 censusEdit

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 73,894 people, 30,417 households, and 20,592 families residing in the county. The population density was 180 people per square mile (70/km²). There were 33,291 housing units at an average density of 81 per square mile (31/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 92.49% White, 5.68% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.25% from other races, and 1.03% from two or more races. 0.62% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 96.5% spoke English, 1.1% Spanish and 1.0% Italian as their first language.

There were 30,417 households out of which 26.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.30% were married couples living together, 11.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.30% were non-families. 28.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the county, the population was spread out with 21.40% under the age of 18, 8.50% from 18 to 24, 25.60% from 25 to 44, 25.90% from 45 to 64, and 18.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 91.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,853, and the median income for a family was $38,807. Males had a median income of $35,785 versus $20,375 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,476. About 11.40% of families and 15.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.30% of those under age 18 and 8.90% of those age 65 or over.

2010 censusEdit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 69,709 people, 29,109 households, and 18,713 families residing in the county.[13] The population density was 170.7 inhabitants per square mile (65.9/km2). There were 32,826 housing units at an average density of 80.4 per square mile (31.0/km2).[14] The racial makeup of the county was 91.9% white, 5.6% black or African American, 0.4% Asian, 0.1% American Indian, 0.2% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.1% of the population.[13] In terms of ancestry, 20.0% were German, 17.1% were Irish, 12.9% were Italian, 9.1% were English, 8.3% were Polish, and 4.6% were American.[15]

Of the 29,109 households, 26.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.0% were married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.7% were non-families, and 30.5% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.86. The median age was 43.9 years.[13]

The median income for a household in the county was $37,527 and the median income for a family was $47,901. Males had a median income of $43,601 versus $27,965 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,470. About 12.4% of families and 17.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.5% of those under age 18 and 7.7% of those age 65 or over.[16]

PoliticsEdit

Presidential Elections Results[17]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 65.2% 21,117 29.9% 9,675 5.0% 1,619
2012 51.3% 17,034 46.4% 15,385 2.3% 758
2008 48.7% 17,559 48.9% 17,635 2.4% 877
2004 47.3% 17,185 52.3% 19,024 0.5% 163
2000 43.4% 15,038 50.5% 17,488 6.1% 2,110
1996 29.5% 10,212 56.0% 19,402 14.5% 5,009
1992 27.7% 10,764 54.1% 20,978 18.2% 7,056
1988 38.7% 14,141 60.5% 22,095 0.8% 273
1984 42.5% 17,105 56.7% 22,832 0.8% 340
1980 41.0% 15,777 53.0% 20,382 6.1% 2,332
1976 39.2% 14,839 59.0% 22,318 1.8% 668
1972 56.3% 21,531 42.3% 16,198 1.4% 545
1968 33.5% 12,949 56.8% 21,917 9.7% 3,749
1964 26.3% 11,784 73.7% 33,039
1960 44.0% 21,186 56.0% 26,955
1956 50.5% 22,162 49.5% 21,703
1952 41.6% 19,569 58.4% 27,499
1948 37.1% 14,230 61.8% 23,725 1.2% 454
1944 38.4% 15,496 61.6% 24,827
1940 36.0% 16,578 64.0% 29,514
1936 31.9% 13,044 67.1% 27,472 1.0% 419
1932 45.0% 14,179 50.9% 16,066 4.1% 1,299
1928 68.1% 19,175 30.9% 8,711 1.0% 275
1924 68.0% 14,929 17.5% 3,840 14.5% 3,194
1920 59.8% 13,038 37.0% 8,064 3.3% 714
1916 53.2% 6,658 41.9% 5,250 4.9% 609
1912 41.9% 4,777 27.8% 3,171 30.4% 3,467
1908 57.2% 7,310 38.2% 4,882 4.6% 585
1904 69.1% 7,337 24.5% 2,600 6.4% 680
1900 62.3% 6,470 34.4% 3,575 3.3% 348
1896 60.6% 6,185 37.5% 3,824 1.9% 195
1892 53.3% 4,793 38.8% 3,493 7.9% 710
1888 58.1% 5,106 37.5% 3,293 4.5% 392
1884 58.1% 4,834 39.5% 3,283 2.5% 204
1880 59.4% 4,434 39.5% 2,945 1.1% 85
1876 57.8% 4,067 41.6% 2,922 0.6% 42
1872 63.8% 3,776 35.5% 2,102 0.7% 42

Jefferson county was a strong Democratic county in the 20th century. However, since the turn of the century it has become much more competitive and even moved towards the Republicans during the Democratic years of 2008 and 2012. In 2012 Mitt Romney became the first Republican in four decades to win the county, the last being President Nixon.

GovernmentEdit

Commissioners: Thomas Graham, Ph.D, Dave Maple, and Thomas Gentile
Prosecutor: Jane Hanlin
Sheriff: Fred Abdalla
Auditor: Patrick J. Marshall
Treasurer: Raymond M. Agresta
Engineer: James Branagan
Judges of the Court of Common Pleas: Hon. Joseph J. Bruzzese Jr, Hon. David E. Henderson
Probate Court: Hon. Samuel W. Kerr
Clerk of Courts: John A. Corrigan
Health Commissioner: Frank J. Petrola, M.D.
Director, Board of Elections: Diane M. Gribble
Director, Job and Family Services: Nicholas Balakos
Director, Jefferson County Port Authority: Evan Scurti

TransportationEdit

Commercial air service is available at nearby Pittsburgh International Airport to the east via U.S. Route 22. The county is served by two general aviation fields, the Jefferson County Airpark and the Eddie Dew Memorial Airpark.

Ohio Route 7 is the main north-south highway through the county.

EducationEdit

CommunitiesEdit

 
Map of Jefferson County, Ohio with Municipal and Township Labels

CitiesEdit

VillagesEdit

TownshipsEdit

Census-designated placesEdit

Unincorporated communitiesEdit

Historical communityEdit

Carpenter's Fort, or Carpenter's Station as it was sometimes called, was established in the summer of 1781 when John Carpenter built a fortified house above the mouth of Short Creek on the Ohio side of the Ohio River in Coshocton County, but now in Jefferson County, Ohio, near Marietta, Ohio.[18][19]

Population rankingEdit

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Jefferson County.[20]

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Population (2010 Census) Municipal type
1 Steubenville 18,659 City
2 Toronto 5,091 City
3 Wintersville 3,924 Village
4 Mingo Junction 3,454 Village
5 Tiltonsville 1,372 Village
6 Yorkville partially in Belmont County 1,079 Village
7 Smithfield 869 Village
8 Adena 759 Village
9 Dillonvale 665 Village
10 Bergholz 664 Village
11 Amsterdam 511 Village
12 Mount Pleasant 478 Village
13 Richmond 481 Village
14 Rayland 417 Village
15 Irondale 387 Village
16 Empire 299 Village
17 Stratton 294 Village
18 Pottery Addition 293 CDP
19 New Alexandria 272 Village
20 Bloomingdale 202 Village

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Ohio County Profiles: Jefferson County" (PDF). Ohio Department of Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-06-21. Retrieved 2007-04-28. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 12, 2011. Retrieved February 8, 2015. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "Jefferson County data". Ohio State University Extension Data Center. Retrieved 2007-04-28. [dead link]
  5. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-03-19. Retrieved 2017-01-04. 
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved February 8, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved February 8, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 8, 2015. 
  10. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 8, 2015. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 8, 2015. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  13. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  14. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  15. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  16. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  17. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  18. ^ J. A. Caldwell: History of Belmont and Jefferson Counties, Ohio, Historical Publishing Co., Wheeling, W.Va., 1880, p. 605, reprinted 1983.
  19. ^ Julie Minot Overton, with Kay Ballantyne Hudson and Sunda Anderson Peters eds.: Ohio Towns and Townships to 1900: A Location Guide, The Ohio Genealogical Society, Mansfield, O. (Penobscot Press), 2000, p. 59.
  20. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-12-21. Retrieved 2016-02-13. 

External linksEdit