Jefferson College (Louisiana)

Jefferson College was a college located in Convent, Louisiana, operating under various names between 1830 and 1928.

The main building of Jefferson College as it appeared in 1937.

As of 2021, the site is a Jesuit retreat center called Manresa House of Retreats, which, along with several historic homes in Convent, are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

HistoryEdit

College of JeffersonEdit

The institution was established as the College of Jefferson in 1830, and chartered in 1831. The first building was completed in 1833, and the inaugural class began studies in 1834. Operation of the institution was sporadic for a time. The building burned down in 1842, and a new building was erected on the same foundation.[1] American diplomat Alexander Hill Everett briefly served as its head thereafter. The institution then closed in 1848 due to low enrollment.

Louisiana CollegeEdit

A new institution operated in the location as Louisiana College from 1853 to 1856.[1] In 1860, when it experienced financial difficulties and was on the verge of total collapse, plantation owner Valcour Aime rescued the complex by purchasing it.[2] From 1860 to 1862, the campus operated for the first time under the name Jefferson College, and a chapel was added. From 1862 to 1864, the buildings were occupied by Federal troops.

St. Mary's College of JeffersonEdit

In July 1864, the institution again reopened as St. Mary's College of Jefferson.[1]

Aime gave the entire college to the Marist Fathers. According to some accounts, his motivation in securing this transfer to a sectarian entity was to prevent the state from obligating the school to open its doors to freed blacks.[3] Another source states, as an alternative explanation, that Aime was merely "anxious to see the college re-opened", and therefore "gave his shares to the [priests] that they might conduct the school".[4]

The school thereafter operated continuously until it again closed in 1928 due to low enrollment.[1]

Among its alumni was Etienne J. Caire, who owned the E. J. Caire Store in Edgard and was the Republican gubernatorial nominee in 1928 against Huey Long.[5]

Manresa House of RetreatsEdit

Caire founded the Manresa retreat center in 1922, now run by the Jesuits.[6]

Notable alumniEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "Jefferson College, Jefferson, Louisiana, 1864-1928". Retrieved May 18, 2020.
  2. ^ Fortier, Alcee, A History of Louisiana Volume 3 (1904).
  3. ^ Eric Platt, R. (2017-10-10). Educating the Sons of Sugar: Jefferson College and the Creole Planter Class of South Louisiana. ISBN 9780817319663.
  4. ^ De Bow's Review Vol. XI, page 437.
  5. ^ David Vitrano (July 31, 2010). "E. J. Caire's legacy lives on: Historic Edgard store turning 150". lobservateur.com. Archived from the original on January 12, 2015. Retrieved January 7, 2015.
  6. ^ "Caire, Etienne J." A Dictionary of Louisiana Biography from Louisiana Historical Association. Archived from the original on February 25, 2012. Retrieved January 28, 2015.
  7. ^ David Vitrano (July 31, 2010). "E. J. Caire's legacy lives on: Historic Edgard store turning 150". lobservateur.com. Archived from the original on January 12, 2015. Retrieved January 7, 2015.
  8. ^ United States Congress. "Walter Guion". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
  9. ^ "Samuel Albert LeBlanc (1886 - 1955)". Louisiana Supreme Court. Archived from the original on 2019-06-09. Retrieved May 15, 2020.
  10. ^ "William G. Wyly (1831 – 1903)". Louisiana Supreme Court. Retrieved May 15, 2020.