|Vice-Dean of the College of Cardinals|
|Church||Roman Catholic Church|
|Appointed||24 March 1884|
|Term ended||9 February 1889|
|Predecessor||Camillo Di Pietro|
|Successor||Luigi Oreglia di Santo Stefano|
|Other posts||Cardinal-Bishop of Porto e Santa Rufina (1884-89)|
|Ordination||13 December 1836|
by Bénigne-Urbain-Jean-Marie du Trousset d'Héricourt
|Consecration||1 June 1879|
by Pope Leo XIII
|Created cardinal||16 March 1863|
by Pope Pius IX
|Birth name||Jean-Baptiste-François Pitra|
|Born||1 August 1812|
Champforgeuil, First French Empire
|Died||9 February 1889 (aged 76)|
San Callisto convent, Rome, Kingdom of Italy
He was born in Champforgeuil. Joining the Benedictine Order, he entered the Abbey of Solesmes in 1842, and was collaborator of Abbe Migne in the latter's Patrologia latina and Patrologia Graeca. He was created cardinal in 1863, and was given the titular church of San Callisto in 1867, before being appointed librarian of the Vatican Library in 1869. He is especially noteworthy for his great archaeological discoveries, including the Inscription of Autun, and is the author of numerous works on archaeological, theological, and historical subjects.
Pitra died in Rome.
- Analecta sacra spicilegio solesmensi parata (in Latin). 1. Paris. 1876.
- Paulin Martin; Jean Baptiste François Pitra (2010). Analecta Sacra Patrum Antenicaenorum ex Codicibus Orientalibus : Syriac and Armenian Fragments of Ante-Nicene Writings. Syriac Studies Library (in Latin and English) (2nd ed.). Piscataway, NJ: Gorgias Press. ISBN 9781463224349. OCLC 1110709933 – via archive.is.
- Cardinal Title S. Callisto – GCatholic.org
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Jean-Baptiste-François Pitra". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.