Jean-Baptiste-François Pitra

Jean-Baptiste-François Pitra, OSB (1 August 1812 – 9 February 1889) was a French Catholic cardinal, archaeologist and theologian.

Jean-Baptiste-François Pitra

Vice-Dean of the College of Cardinals
Cardinal Pitra.jpg
Pitra in 1871.
ChurchRoman Catholic Church
Appointed24 March 1884
Term ended9 February 1889
PredecessorCamillo Di Pietro
SuccessorLuigi Oreglia di Santo Stefano
Other postsCardinal-Bishop of Porto e Santa Rufina (1884-89)
Ordination13 December 1836
by Bénigne-Urbain-Jean-Marie du Trousset d'Héricourt
Consecration1 June 1879
by Pope Leo XIII
Created cardinal16 March 1863
by Pope Pius IX
RankCardinal-Priest (1863–79)
Cardinal-Bishop (1879–89)
Personal details
Birth nameJean-Baptiste-François Pitra
Born1 August 1812
Champforgeuil, First French Empire
Died9 February 1889(1889-02-09) (aged 76)
San Callisto convent, Rome, Kingdom of Italy
ParentsLaurent Pitra
Edme-Françoise Vaffier
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He was born in Champforgeuil. Joining the Benedictine Order, he entered the Abbey of Solesmes in 1842, and was collaborator of Abbe Migne in the latter's Patrologia latina and Patrologia Graeca. He was created cardinal in 1863, and was given the titular church of San Callisto in 1867,[1] before being appointed librarian of the Vatican Library in 1869. He is especially noteworthy for his great archaeological discoveries, including the Inscription of Autun, and is the author of numerous works on archaeological, theological, and historical subjects.

Pitra died in Rome.


  • Analecta sacra spicilegio solesmensi parata (in Latin). 1. Paris. 1876.
  • Paulin Martin; Jean Baptiste François Pitra (2010). Analecta Sacra Patrum Antenicaenorum ex Codicibus Orientalibus : Syriac and Armenian Fragments of Ante-Nicene Writings. Syriac Studies Library (in Latin and English) (2nd ed.). Piscataway, NJ: Gorgias Press. ISBN 9781463224349. OCLC 1110709933 – via

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Cardinal Title S. Callisto –