San Callisto

San Callisto (English: Saint Callixtus, Latin: S. Calixti) is a Roman Catholic titular church in Rome, Italy, built over the site of Pope Callixtus I's martyrdom (c. AD 222). The original building dates from the time of Pope Gregory III (r. 731–741), who ordered the building of a church on the site. The church has been rebuilt twice since, first in the twelfth century, and the current church in 1610. In 1458 Callixtus III decreed it a titular church as a seat for Cardinals.[citation needed]

San Callisto
St. Callistus
S. Calixti (in Latin)
Chiesa di San Calisto
Trastevere - S. Callisto.JPG
Facade of San Callisto.
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41°53′20.56″N 12°28′13.75″E / 41.8890444°N 12.4704861°E / 41.8890444; 12.4704861Coordinates: 41°53′20.56″N 12°28′13.75″E / 41.8890444°N 12.4704861°E / 41.8890444; 12.4704861
LocationPiazza di San Calisto, Rome
CountryItaly
DenominationRoman Catholic
TraditionRoman Rite
WebsiteOfficial website
History
StatusTitular church
DedicationPope Callixtus I
Architecture
Architect(s)Orazio Torriani
Architectural typeChurch
Groundbreaking8th century AD
Completed1613
Administration
ProvinceDiocese of Rome
Clergy
Cardinal protectorWim Eijk

Established in 1517, the Titulus San Calixti is currently held by Willem Jacobus Cardinal Eijk.[1]

ArchitectureEdit

The seventeenth-century facade carried the coat of arms of Paul V. The church has a single aisle with a chapel on either side. Within the chapel to the right are two angels sculpted by Gian Lorenzo Bernini. The chapel on the left contains the pit where Callistus I, later venerated as a saint, was martyred. At the main altar is the fresco Glory of St. Callisto by Antonio Achilli.

List of titular cardinal-priestsEdit

NotesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Mariano Armellini, Le chiese di Roma dal secolo IV al XIX, Rome, Tipografia Vaticana, 1891. penelope.uchicago.edu.
  • Christian Hülsen, Le chiese di Roma nel Medio Evo, Florence, Olschki, 1927. penelope.uchicago.edu.
  • Giuseppe Momo, Relazione sui lavori di restauro della chiesa di San Calisto in Roma, Rome, Società Arti Grafiche, 1938.
  • Claudio Rendina, Le Chiese di Roma, Milan, Newton Compton, 2000, p. 57.
  • Giorgio Carpaneto, Rione XIII Trastevere, in AA.VV, I rioni di Roma, Milan, Newton Compton, 2000, vol. III, pp. 831–923.