Japan Socialist Party (1906)

The Japan Socialist Party (日本社会党 (にっぽんしゃかいとう、にほんしゃかいとう, Nippon shakai-tō, Nihon shakai-tō)) was the first legal socialist party in the Empire of Japan.[2] One year after its foundation on February 24, 1906, the party was banned by the Japanese government on February 22, 1907.[3]

Japan Socialist Party
日本社会党
Japanese nameNihon Shakai-tō
FoundedFebruary 24, 1906; 115 years ago (1906-02-24)
DissolvedFebruary 22, 1907; 114 years ago (1907-02-22)
HeadquartersTokyo, Japan
IdeologySocialism[1]
Political positionLeft-wing

The party was founded from the merger of the former "Japan Socialist Party" led by Sakai Toshihiko and the "Nihon Heimin-tō" (日本平民党, which literally means "Common People's Party of Japan") led by Kōnirō Nishikawa [ja], where it was agreed upon to name the new party as "Japan Socialist Party".[1][4]

Some Chinese Marxists, like Meijiu Jing [zh], were also influenced by this party.[5]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b 日本社会党. 朝日新聞社Kotobank. Archived from the original on April 11, 2019. Retrieved February 9, 2020.
  2. ^ Bob T. Wakabayashi (1998). Modern Japanese Thought. Cambridge University Press. p. 163. ISBN 978-0-521-58810-2.
  3. ^ 社会科学研究部新刊叢書. 第1編 (日本無産政党全線に亘つて) - 19番, 20-21頁. 国立国会図書館デジタルコレクション
  4. ^ Kublin, Hyman (1952). "The Origins of Japanese Socialist Tradition". The Journal of Politics. 14 (2): 257–280. doi:10.2307/2126522. ISSN 0022-3816.
  5. ^ 徐光寿 (2017). “三次跨越”与“三个选择”——陈独秀对近代中国出路的探索. p. 111. ISBN 978-7-5520-2139-4.