Janbazar is a neighbourhood of Central Kolkata, in Kolkata district in the Indian state of West Bengal. The two century-old house of Rani Rashmoni, the central attraction in Janbazar, is still used by descendants in the family.

Neighbourhood in Kolkata (Calcutta)
House of Rani Rashmoni
House of Rani Rashmoni
Janbazar is located in Kolkata
Location in Kolkata
Coordinates: 22°34′N 88°21′E / 22.56°N 88.35°E / 22.56; 88.35
Country India
StateWest Bengal
Metro StationEsplanade and Sealdah(under construction)
Municipal CorporationKolkata Municipal Corporation
KMC wards46, 52
36 ft (11 m)
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Area code+91 33
Lok Sabha constituencyKolkata Uttar
Vidhan Sabha constituencyChowranghee
Janbazar in 1867

Geography Edit

Janbazar is broadly spread across Ward Nos. 46 and 52 of Kolkata Municipal Corporation.[1]

The road from Chowringhee to Circular Road, about a mile long, was called Jan Bazar Road till the end of the 19th century. It was then renamed Corporation Street[2] and was further renamed Surendranath Banerjee Road.

In olden days, Kolkata streets had oil lamps. Then came the gas lamp and electricity. For sometime there was a tussle between gas lamps and electricity. In 1914, high-powered Keith lamps of 1,000 candle power were fixed on Corporation Street, and Chowringhee Road. Calcutta Electric Supply Corporation bore the cost to demonstrate the advantage of electricity.[3]

Janbazar is served by New Market Police Station of Kolkata Police.[4] The police station is located in Janbazar.

Police district Edit

New Market police station is part of the Central division of Kolkata Police. It is located at 133/2 S.N. Banerjee Road, Kolkata-700013.[5]

Taltala Women police station covers all police districts under the jurisdiction of the Central division i.e. Bowbazar, Burrabazar, Girish Park, Hare Street, Jorasanko, Muchipara, New Market, Taltala and Posta.[5]

Rani Rashmoni's house Edit

The most famous resident of Janbazar was Rani Rashmoni. Married at the age of 11 to Raj Chandra Das (Marh), the Zamindar of Janbazar, she constructed Dakshineswar Kali Temple and engaged in numerous philanthropic activities.[6][7]

What is now known as Rani Rashmoni's house at the crossing of Rani Rashmoni Road and Surendranath Banerjee Road, was initially 70&71 Free School Street. Rani Rashmoni's father-in-law, Pritaram Das, started constructing this house in 1805. It took some 7–8 years to complete construction of the big house.[6]

Rani Rashmoni had four daughters – Padmamani, Kumari, Karunamoyee and Jagadamba. Mathuramohan Biswas, the husband of Rani Rashmoni's youngest daughter Jagadamba, had always been like a son to Rashmoni which she did not have biologically. The house is now divided into three parts. Jagadamba's descendants live in 13 Rani Rashmoni Road, Kumari's descendants live in 18/3 Surendranath Banerjee Road, and Padmamani's descendants live in 20 Surendranath Banerjee Road.[6] The family is finding it difficult to maintain the house and although Kolkata Municipal Corporation has declared it a heritage building, it has no funds needed for restoration.[8] Parts of the house are collapsing.[9]

Traffic Edit

Many buses ply along Lenin Sarani, Surendranath Banerjee Road (S.N. Banerjee Road), Chowringhee Road and Rafi Ahmed Kidwai Road. Kolkata trams route no. 5 (via Lenin Sarani) and 25 (via Lenin Sarani-Rafi Ahmed Kidwai Road) also serve the locality.[10] The traffic across Janbazar, is extremely heavy. Normally, it is a scene of chaos and when a mishap takes place, it is further chaos.[11] Sealdah Station, one of the five major railway-terminals of Kolkata Metropolitan Area, is located nearby.

Around Janbazar Edit

References Edit

  1. ^ Map nos 29 and 33, Detail Maps of 141 Wards of Kolkata, D.R.Publication and Sales Concern, 66 College Street, Kolkata – 700073
  2. ^ Cotton, H.E.A., p 248
  3. ^ Nair, P. Thankappan, Civic and Public Services in Old Calcutta, in Calcutta, the Living City, Vol. I, p. 231
  4. ^ "New Market Police Station". Kolkata Police. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 10 August 2007.
  5. ^ a b "Kolkata Police". Central Division. KP. Retrieved 9 March 2018.
  6. ^ a b c Bandopadhyay, Debashis, Bonedi Kolkatar Gharbari, (in Bengali), Second impression 2002, pp. 45-6, Ananda Publishers, ISBN 81-7756-158-8
  7. ^ Deb, Chitra, The 'Great Houses' of Old Calcutta, in Calcutta, the Living City, Vol. I, p. 61
  8. ^ "Pillars of strength, then and now". Kolkata Plus. The Statesman, 7 May 2003. Archived from the original on 29 September 2007. Retrieved 10 August 2007.
  9. ^ "Trapped in heritage cave-in - Water tank collapse linked to heavy showers". The Telegraph, 5 October 2006. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 10 August 2007.
  10. ^ Google maps
  11. ^ "9-yr-old run, mob torches 3 buses". Page One. The Statesman, 2 October 2002. Archived from the original on 26 September 2007. Retrieved 10 August 2007.

See also Edit