Jamshoro

Jamshoro (Sindhi: ڄام شورو‎, Urdu: جامشورو‎), is a city, and the capital of Jamshoro District, located in Sindh, Pakistan. It is located on the right bank of Indus River, approximately 18 km (11 mi) northwest of Hyderabad and 150 km (93 mi) northeast from the provincial capital of Sindh, Karachi.[2]

Jamshoro
ڄام شورو
Kotri Barrage
Jamshoro ڄام شورو is located in Sindh
Jamshoro ڄام شورو
Jamshoro
ڄام شورو
Jamshoro ڄام شورو is located in Pakistan
Jamshoro ڄام شورو
Jamshoro
ڄام شورو
Coordinates: 25°25′28″N 68°16′52″E / 25.4244°N 68.2811°E / 25.4244; 68.2811Coordinates: 25°25′28″N 68°16′52″E / 25.4244°N 68.2811°E / 25.4244; 68.2811
Country Pakistan
Province Sindh
DivisionHyderabad
DistrictJamshoro
Population
 • City34,420
Time zoneUTC+5 (PST)
Number of towns1

HistoryEdit

 
The wall has semi-circular bastions at intervals.
 
Jamshoro Phatak

Ranikot Fort is a historical fort near Sann, Jamshoro District, Sindh, Pakistan.[3] Ranikot Fort is also known as The Great Wall of Sindh and is believed to be the world's largest fort with a circumference of approximately 26 kilometres (16 mi).[4] Since 1993, it has been on the tentative list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.[5]

Archaeologists point to 17th century as its time of first construction but now Sindh archaeologists agree that some of the present structure was reconstructed by Mir Karam Ali Khan Talpur Baloch and his brother Mir Murad Ali Baloch in 1812 at a cost of 1.2 million rupees (Sindh Gazetteer, 677).[6]

UniversitiesEdit

Schools and collegesEdit

LocationEdit

Jamshoro, is situated on the right bank of Indus River at south-west position of Province of Sindh sloping from direction North-east to south-west and is about 18 kilometers far from Hyderabad and at a distance of 150 kilometers from Karachi.

DemographicsEdit

Religion in Jamshoro[7]
Religion Percent
Islam
98.84%
Hinduism
1.15%
Christianity
0.01%

The population of Jamshoro District increased from 582,094 in 1998 to 1,176,969 in 2011, an increase of 102.2%.[8] Roughly, 95% of the Population of the city consists of immigrants from various parts of interior Sindh who migrated to the town in around 1948-2001 & to a lesser extent from 2002-2014 decades. Therefore, the city holds a number of diverse Sindhi clans & ethinic groups mainly from Jamshoro District, Dadu District, Sukkur District, Larkana District, Khairpur District, Umarkot District, Matiari District, Nawabshah District, Shikarpur District, Tharparker, Naushahro Feroze District, Badin District & Jacobabad District.[9][10][11][12] The city is predominantly Sindhi with a substantial community of Pathans, Baloch people & Seraikis. Small communities of Brahuis, Punjabis, & to a lesser extent Muhajir people are also present.[13][14][15]

Jamshoro is predominantly Muslim with a small Hindu minority.[16]

First Languages of Jamshoro city in (2013-2014)[14][17][18]

  Sindhi (90%)
  Pashtuns (6%)
  Others including (Brahuis, Balochis, Punjabis and Urdu speakers) (4.00%)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.citypopulation.de/Pakistan-Sindh.html?cityid=11398
  2. ^ The spirit of Jamshoro
  3. ^ Ranikot Fort Archived 2014-06-15 at Archive.today Tourism Pakistan Retrieved 14 June 2014
  4. ^ Ondaatje, Christopher (May 1996). Sindh revisited: a journey in the footsteps of Captain Sir Richard Burton : 1842-1849, the India years. HarperCollins Publishers. p. 265. ISBN 978-0-00-255436-7.
  5. ^ "Ranikot Fort". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 November 2013.
  6. ^ "Ranikot Fort – the Great Wall of Sindh". Islamic Arts and Culture. Archived from the original on 28 May 2012. Retrieved 20 November 2013.
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-02-28. Retrieved 2014-07-26.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ Sindh population surges by 81.5 pc, households by 83.9 pc
  9. ^ Burton, Richard (1992). Sindh and the Races That Inhabit the Valley of the Indus. ISBN 9788120607583.
  10. ^ http://www.sscnet.ucla.edu/soc/faculty/waldinger/pdf/Immigran_A23.pdf
  11. ^ https://www.un.org/en/events/indigenousday/pdf/factsheet_migration_final.pdf
  12. ^ http://www.iza.org/conference_files/AMM_2013/zhang_d5367.pdf
  13. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-05-16. Retrieved 2014-05-24.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  14. ^ a b http://www.nips.org.pk/abstract_files/Priliminary%20Report%20Final.pdf
  15. ^ http://siteresources.worldbank.org/PAKISTANEXTN/Resources/293051-1241610364594/6097548-1257441952102/balochistaneconomicreportvol2.pdf
  16. ^ http://countrystudies.us/pakistan/38.htm
  17. ^ http://dhsprogram.com/pubs/pdf/FR290/FR290.pdf
  18. ^ https://www.census.gov.pk/index.php

External linksEdit