Jamrūd (Pashto/Urdu: جمرود) or Jam (Pashto: جم) is a town in the Khyber District of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Located in the Valley of Peshawar, on the western fringe of Peshawar city, Jamrud is the doorway to the Khyber Pass which is just to the west of the town. The pass connects Jamrud with Landi Kotal to the west, located near the border of Afghanistan's Nangarhar Province.
|Elevation||1,512 ft (461 m)|
Jamrud has remained a location on the trade route between Central Asia and South Asia, and a strategic military location. It is located at an altitude of 461 metres (1,512 ft) above sea level. The Jamrud Fort is located 17 km (11 mi) west of the city of Peshawar.
The Battle of Jamrud between the Sikh Empire and Durrani Empire took place at Jamrud where the Sikh general Hari Singh Nalwa was killed and Sikh expansion halted. Jamrud was a strategic location and served as a base for a cantonment of the British Indian Army during the period of the British Raj. During the military operations of 1878-79 Jamrud became a place of considerable importance as the frontier outpost on British territory towards Afghanistan, and it was also the base of operations for a portion of the Tirah campaign in 1897-1898. It was also the headquarters of the Khyber Rifles, and the collecting station for the Khyber tolls. The population in 1901 was 1,848. The place continues to be of strategic significance.
- "POPULATION AND HOUSEHOLD DETAIL FROM BLOCK TO DISTRICT LEVEL: FATA (KHYBER AGENCY)" (PDF). www.pbscensus.gov.pk. 2018-01-03. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-04-02. Retrieved 2018-04-01.
- Jamrūd - Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 14, p. 52. http://dsal.uchicago.edu/reference/gazetteer/pager.html?objectid=DS405.1.I34_V14_058.gif
- North-West Frontier Province - Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 19, p. 153. http://dsal.uchicago.edu/reference/gazetteer/pager.html?objectid=DS405.1.I34_V19_159.gif
- Gazetteer of the Peshawar District 1897-8, revised edition, Lahore: Punjab Government, p. 74.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Jamrud". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
- The Return of the King by William Dalrymple https://www.amazon.com/Return-King-Battle-Afghanistan-1839-42/dp/0307958280