Fatimah Sadiqi (Persian: فاطمه صادقی; born 1946), better known by her stage name Jamileh (Persian: جمیله; also romanized as Ġamīle), is an Iranian actress, cabaret performer, and dancer. She is responsible for popularizing a version of the belly dance in Iran, and was reportedly the highest-paid cabaret actor of Iranian origin in 1974. She has also performed acting and dancing roles in many Iranian films of the 1960s and 1970s.
1946 (age 73–74)
Fatimah Sadiqi was born in 1946 in Tehran, Iran. Her father, Rajab Vâksi, was a walnut seller who later became an actor in the siyâh theater scene in Iran. Her uncle, Mor-shed Nasrollâh, was a zarb player and an itinerant bard. As a child, she became proficient in the belly dance and often performed with her father.
Jamileh began her dancing career in the theater scene, and mostly performed a self-taught style of Bollywood dance in traditional cafés. Her first marriage was to J.R., a singer of the ruhowzi genre of musical comedy in traditional Persian theater. She then married Mohammed Arbâb, the owner of the Bakara-Mulan Ruzh cabaret. After marrying Arbâb, she continued dancing and performed in cabarets such as Arbâb's Bakara-Mulan Ruzh as well as in her own cabaret, Lidu. Her marriage to Arbâb lasted until his death in 1973.
Much like other Iranian entertainers of the 20th century, including Susan, Delkash, and Googoosh, Jamileh's career dancing in cabarets provided her the opportunity to enter Iranian cinema, which would eventually lead her to national fame. She began her acting career after her marriage to Arbâb, aiming to be recognized as a "dancer-actor" in Iranian cinema, like Samia Gamal in Egyptian cinema. She mainly played dance-related roles in more than 25 films, including roles in Zan-i Vahshi-i Vahshi (1969), Dukhtar-i Zalim Bala (1970), and 'Arus-i Pabirahnah (1974). Many of the films she starred in were produced by Firdawsi Film, owned by her husband Arbâb, including the 1971 film Khushgiltarin Zan-i 'Alam. She was reportedly the highest-paid cabaret actor of Iranian origin in 1974, and performed for prominent foreign guests including Henry Kissinger and Aristotle Onassis.
Career after IranEdit
After fleeing Iran, Jamileh continued her dancing career in Los Angeles, California, where she now resides. She performed frequently at the Cabaret Tehran in Los Angeles for more than 20 years and through her fifties.
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Although dancers like Mahvash and Afat first introduced the belly dance and other Persian folk dances in Iranian cinema, Jamileh was responsible for popularizing a version of the dance in Iran through her performances and film roles. She is a master of Persian dances, including the traditional Bandari and Qasemabadi dances, and some classical Persian dances, and became known for her specific style of the belly dance, as well as Persian dances such as the jâheli dance style. The jâheli style of dance involves imitating a roughneck, jâhel man, and is more overtly erotic compared to more traditional Persian dances. It is often performed wearing a kolâh makhmali, a type of hat similar to a fedora.
According to Ida Meftahi, a historian specializing in modern Iranian history, Jamileh was not associated with the image of a stereotypical cabaret dancer in the media, but the image of "a valuable artist" that was likely improved with the help of her husband's influence. Sheila Eghbali, the primary organizer of the International Iranian Dance Conference and the artistic director of Iranian Dance Artists, has claimed that "while people enjoyed watching her [Jamileh], ... [Jamileh] made dance and dancing in public seem something associated with cabaret dancing, inappropriate, showing too much skin, not really about culture, more about entertaining men".
Jamileh's dancing and acting roles in Iranian cinema include:
- Gohar-e shab-cheragh (The luminescent jewel, 1967)
- Zan-i Vahshi-i Vahshi (The wild, wild woman, 1969)
- Dukhtar-i Zalim Bala (The beautiful tyrant of a girl, 1970)
- Khushgiltarin Zan-i 'Alam (1971)
- 'Arus-i Pabirahnah (The barefoot bride, 1974)
- Sharaf (The honour, 1975)
- Gol Pari Joon (1974)
- Jedal (1976)
- Talattof 2011, p. 185.
- Breyley & Fatemi 2015, p. 140.
- Meftahi 2017, p. 88.
- Talattof 2011, p. 102.
- Meftahi 2017, p. 118.
- Talattof 2011, p. 186.
- Meftahi 2017, p. 131.
- Tavaana, para. 9.
- Walker 1996, para. 6.
- Friend 1997, para. 3.
- Talattof 2011, p. 101.
- Friend 1997, para. 3-4.
- Mu'assisah'i Ittila'at, quoted in Meftahi (2017, p. 88)
- Rastovac 2016, p. 43.
- Meftahi 2017, pp. 88, 131.
- Breyley, GJ; Fatemi, Sasan (19 November 2015). Iranian Music and Popular Entertainment: From Motrebi to Losanjelesi and Beyond. Routledge. ISBN 9780415575126. Retrieved 12 November 2019.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Friend, Robyn (Winter 1997). "Jamileh: the Goddess of Iranian Dance". The Best of Habibi, A Journal for Lovers of Middle Eastern Dance and Arts. Habibi Publications. 16. Retrieved 8 November 2019.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Meftahi, Ida (14 July 2017). Gender and Dance in Modern Iran: Biopolitics on stage. Routledge. ISBN 9781317620624. Retrieved 8 November 2019.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Rastovac, Heather Danielle (2016). Performing (Trans)National Iranianness: The Choreographic Cartographies of Diasporic Iranian Dancers and Performance Artists (PhD). University of California, Berkeley. ProQuest 2137540118. Retrieved 4 December 2019.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- "Spotlight: Dr Ida Meftahi". University of Maryland School of Languages, Literatures, and Cultures. University of Maryland. Archived from the original on 2 January 2020. Retrieved 2 January 2020.
- Talattof, Kamran (1 June 2011). Modernity, sexuality, and ideology in Iran : the life and legacy of a popular female artist (1st ed.). New York: Syracuse University Press. ISBN 9780815651390. Retrieved 18 November 2019.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Walker, Philip (Spring 1996). "Raqqas or Jamileh: Contrasting Perspectives on Dance in Iran". The Best of Habibi, A Journal for Lovers of Middle Eastern Dance and Arts. Habibi Publications. 15. Retrieved 12 November 2019.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- "Jamilah, hunarmand-i ba isti'dad va muvaffaq" [Jamileh, the successful and talented artist]. Ittila'at-i Salanah. Tehran: Mu'assisah'i Ittila'at. 1971.
- "جمیله؛ هنرمندی که در یاد ایرانیان همیشه میرقصد". Tavaana (in Persian). E-Collaborative for Civic Education. Retrieved 15 November 2019.
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