James Ruthven, Baron Ruthven FRSE (1777–1853) was a 19th-century Scottish peer and professional soldier.
He was born at Melville House south of Monimail near Cupar in Fife on 17 October 1777. He was the eldest son of James Ruthven, 6th Lord Ruthven of Freeland and his wife, Lady Mary Elizabeth Leslie. He succeeded his father as 7th Lord Ruthven of Freeland in 1789.
He died on 27 July 1853.
In 1813 he married Mary Hamilton Campbell of Shawfield. They had no children.