|7th Governor of British Ceylon|
7 November 1837 – 15 April 1841
|Preceded by||Robert Wilmot-Horton|
|Succeeded by||Colin Campbell|
|Member of Parliament for Ross and Cromarty|
|Preceded by||New constituency|
|Succeeded by||Thomas Mackenzie|
|Member of Parliament for Ross-shire|
|Preceded by||Sir James Wemyss Mackenzie|
|Succeeded by||Constituency abolished|
James Alexander Stewart
23 September 1784
|Died||24 September 1843(aged 59)|
|Relations||Alexander Stewart, 6th Earl of Galloway (grandfather)|
Ephraim Lópes Pereira d'Aguilar, 2nd Baron d'Aguilar (grandfather)
|Children||5, including Louisa|
|Parent(s)||Georgina Isabella d'Aguilar|
Early life edit
He was born James Alexander Stewart on 23 September 1784. James was the son of the former Georgina Isabella d'Aguilar and Vice Admiral The Hon. Keith Stewart, who died when he was eleven. His younger brother was Lt. Leveson Douglas Stewart (the father of John Stewart of Nateby Hall). Following his father's death, his mother married secondly, in 1797, Lt.-Col. Richard Fitzgerald, who was killed in action at the Battle of Waterloo.
His paternal grandparents were Alexander Stewart, 6th Earl of Galloway and the former Lady Catherine Cochrane (the youngest daughter of John Cochrane, 4th Earl of Dundonald). His maternal grandfather was Ephraim Lópes Pereira d'Aguilar, 2nd Baron d'Aguilar.
Stewart-Mackenzie was elected to the House of Commons as Member of Parliament for Ross-shire in 1831. When that constituency was abolished in 1832, he was elected for the new Ross and Cromarty, serving until 1837.
Personal life edit
After his marriage on 21 May 1817 to Mary Elizabeth Frederica Mackenzie ("the Hooded Lassie"), widow of Vice Admiral Sir Samuel Hood and daughter of Francis Mackenzie, 1st Baron Seaforth (whose title had become extinct when his four sons all predeceased him), he assumed the additional surname of Mackenzie. Mary's younger sister, Helen Anne Mackenzie, was the wife of Joshua Henry Mackenzie, Lord Mackenzie. In 1819, Stewart-Mackenzie sold the house and grounds of Woodfall Gardens, Glasserton to Stair Hathorn-Stewart at the neighboring Physgill estate. Together, James and Mary were the parents of:
- Keith William Stewart-MacKenzie (1818–1881), who married Hannah Charlotte Hope-Vere, a daughter of James Joseph Hope-Vere and Lady Elizabeth Hay (a daughter George Hay, 7th Marquess of Tweeddale). After her death in 1868, he married Alicia Almira Seymour Bell, daughter of Robert Henry Bell of Bellbrook, in 1871.
- Mary Frances Stewart-Mackenzie (1819–1913), who married Philip Anstruther, son of Col. Robert Anstruther, in 1838.
- Caroline Susan Stewart-Mackenzie (1822–1867), who married John Berney Petre, son of Jack Petre and Hon. Catherine Harbord (daughter of Harbord Harbord, 1st Baron Suffield), in 1844.
- George Augustus Frederick Wellington Stewart-Mackenzie (1824–1852), who married Maria Louisa Marriott, daughter of Lt.-Gen. Thomas Marriott, in 1850.
- Louisa Caroline Stewart-Mackenzie (1827–1903), who married Bingham Baring, 2nd Baron Ashburton.
Stewart-Mackenzie died on 24 September 1843. His widow died on 28 November 1862 and was buried at Fortrose.
Through his eldest son Keith, he was a grandfather of James Alexander Francis Humberston Mackenzie, who was created Baron Seaforth in 1921, and of Mary Jeune, Baroness St Helier, society hostess and politician.
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- Booth (bookseller.), John (1817). The Battle of Waterloo: Also of Ligny, and Quatre Bras, Containing the Series of Accounts Published by Authority, British and Foreign, with Circumstantial Details Relative to the Battles, from a Variety of Original and Authentic Sources, with Connected Official and Private Documents, Forming an Historical Record by Those who Had the Honour to Share in the Operations of the Campaign of the Netherlands, 1815. J. Booth. p. 306.
- "Galloway, Earl of (S, 1623)". www.cracroftspeerage.co.uk. Heraldic Media Limited. Retrieved 14 February 2017.
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- Drawings, British Museum Department of Prints and; Howe, Edward Russell James Gambier (1903). Catalogue of British and American Book Plates Bequeathed to the Trustees of the British Museum by Sir Augustus Wollaston Franks. Order of the Trustees, Sold at the British Museum. p. 21.
- Burke, Bernard (1871). A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain & Ireland. Harrison. p. 887.
- "Ashburton, Baron (UK, 1835)". www.cracroftspeerage.co.uk. Heraldic Media Limited. Archived from the original on 30 December 2013. Retrieved 5 June 2020.
- "Mary Elizabeth Frederica Stewart-Mackenzie (1783–1862), Lady Hood". artuk.org. Art UK. Retrieved 5 June 2020.
- Fielding, Kenneth J. (2004). "Ashburton, Louisa Lady". In Cumming, Mark (ed.). The Carlyle Encyclopedia. Fairleigh Dickinson Univ Press. pp. 22–23. ISBN 978-0-8386-3792-0.
- McDonald, Lynn (2006). Florence Nightingale on Women, Medicine, Midwifery and Prostitution: Collected Works of Florence Nightingale. Waterloo, Ontario, Canada: Wilfrid Laurier University Press. p. 710. ISBN 978-0-88920-916-9.
- "Obituary". The Times. London, England. 3 June 1902. p. 10 – via Newspapers.com.