Jambo (17 April 1961 – 16 September 1992) was a gorilla housed at Durrell Wildlife Park in Jersey, Channel Islands. He was involved in an incident in which he was seen to be protective of a child who fell into his enclosure.

Jambo c. 1986
SpeciesWestern gorilla
Born17 April 1961
Zoo Basel, Basel, Switzerland
Died16 September 1992(1992-09-16) (aged 31)
Jersey Zoo

Early life edit

Jambo means "hello" in Swahili. The gorilla was born on 17 April 1961, in Zoo Basel, Basel, Switzerland, to mother Achilla and father Stephi. Stephi was acquired from the Columbus Zoo in Ohio. Stephi was captured in 1950 by Columbus resident and gorilla hunter Bill Said, with two other baby gorillas, in French Equatorial Africa. The three were sold to the Columbus Zoo for $10,000. The two which the Columbus Zoo kept, Baron Macombo and Millie Christina, became the parents of Colo, the first gorilla born in a zoo, in Columbus on 22 December 1956. She was the first gorilla born in captivity as well as the first gorilla in captivity to be raised by her own mother.

Jambo's older sister Goma, born on 23 September 1959 in Basel, was the first gorilla born in Europe and lived in the Zoo Basel until her death in 2018.[1] Before Jambo was transferred to Jersey Zoo, Jambo and Goma had a son named Tamtam, who was born at Zoo Basel on 2 May 1971, and died at Wuppertal Zoo on 34 July 2009. Jambo also fathered a daughter while still at Zoo Basel by an unrelated female. Jambo had seven siblings and 20 offspring by five different mates, including three stillbirths. He was moved to Jersey Zoo on 27 April 1972.

Rescue of Levan Merritt edit

On 31 August 1986, five-year-old Levan Merritt fell into the gorilla enclosure and lost consciousness. Jambo stood guard over the boy when he was unconscious, placing himself between the boy and other gorillas in what ethologists analyze as a protective gesture. He later stroked the unconscious boy's back. When the boy regained consciousness and started to cry, Jambo and the other gorillas retreated in panic, and the silverback led them into a small hut in the corner of their pen. A paramedic and two keepers rescued the boy. Most of the incident was recorded on home video and extensively photographed by zoo visitors. The publicity on major news channels and newspapers helped ease public fears about the potentially violent nature of gorillas.

Death and legacy edit

Statue of Jambo by Ralph Brown at Durrell Wildlife Park

Jambo was found dead by his keeper in the gorilla enclosure on 16 September 1992. The cause of death was the spontaneous rupture of a major artery, resulting in a hemorrhage in his chest. A biography of Jambo, written and illustrated by his keeper, was published following his death. A documentary has also been released primarily based on the home video footage of the Levan Merritt incident.

Jersey Zoo has erected a bronze statue of Jambo inside the zoo grounds as a tribute to the gorilla who helped change public perception about the species.

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Basel Zoo's famous female gorilla Goma dies". Basel Zoo. 6 August 2016. Retrieved 12 June 2018.

Sources edit

  • Johnstone-Scott, Richard (1995). Jambo: A Gorilla's Story. Michael O'Mara Books. ISBN 1-85479-701-8. Retrieved 27 March 2024 – via Archive.org.
  • Jambo - The Gentle Giant. Green Umbrella. 2005.
  • Lang, E.M. (March 1964). "Jambo, first gorilla to be raised by its mother in captivity". National Geographic. Vol. 125, no. 3. pp. 446–53.
  • Lang, E.M. (1963). Goma, the gorilla baby. Doubleday.
  • Durrell, Gerald (1976). The Stationary Ark. Glasgow: William Collins & Sons & Co. Ltd.
  • "The first gorilla born in captivity". Life. No. 42. 14 January 1957. pp. 57–58.
  • "Life Goes On A Gorilla Hunt". Life. No. 31. 19 November 1951. pp. 175–80.
  • Hanna, Jack (1989). Monkeys On The Interstate. New York: Doubleday. pp. 140–65.
  • "Goma: baby girl gorilla: Basel Switzerland". Look. No. 24. 11 October 1960. pp. 121–24.
  • "Jungle stare in baby's lare: Goma of Basel Zoo". Life. No. 48. 25 April 1960. pp. 20–21.
  • "Rare new Swiss baby: gorilla at Basel Zoo". Life. No. 47. 26 October 1960. p. 172.
  • Zahl, P.A. (January 1960). "Face to face with gorillas in Central Africa". National Geographic. No. 117. pp. 114–37.
  • Lang, Ernst M. (1961). "Jambo The Second Gorilla Born At Basle Zoo". International Zoo Yearbook. Vol. III. p. 84.
  • Carmichael, Leonard; Kraus, Mozelle Bigelow; Reed, Theodore (1961). "The Washington National Zoological Park Gorilla Infant Tomoka". International Zoo Yearbook. Vol. III. p. 88.

External links edit