John Joseph Wardle (born 11 August 1958), known by the stage name Jah Wobble, is an English bass guitarist and singer. He became known to a wider audience as the original bass player in Public Image Ltd (PiL) in the late 1970s and early 1980s; he left the band after two albums.
|Birth name||John Joseph Wardle|
|Born||11 August 1958|
Stepney, London, England
|Genres||Post-punk, dub, world, experimental rock, electronic|
|Instrument(s)||Bass guitar, vocals, keyboards, drums|
|Years active||1978–1984, 1986–present|
|Labels||30 Hertz, Island|
Following his departure from PiL, he developed a solo career. In 2012, he reunited with fellow PiL guitarist Keith Levene for Metal Box in Dub and the album Yin & Yang. Since 2013, he has been one of the featured pundits on Sunday morning's The Virtual Jukebox segment of BBC Radio 5 Live's Up All Night with Dotun Adebayo. His autobiography, Memoirs of a Geezer, was published in 2009.
Wardle was born in Stepney, East London, His father, Harry Eugene Wardle, worked as a postman, while his mother, Kathleen Bridget (née Fitzgibbon), was a school and County Hall secretary. Wobble grew up with his family in Whitechapel's Clichy Estate in London's East End. He is a long-time friend of John Lydon (Johnny Rotten) whom he had met in the 1970s at London's Kingsway College. The two formed half of the group of friends known as "The Four Johns", along with John Grey and John Simon Ritchie (later known as Sid Vicious). Jah Wobble acquired his stage name through the drunken, mumbled version of Wardle's name by Sid Vicious, which Wobble kept because "people would never forget it".
In his early life and career, by his own admission, Wardle was given to occasional bouts of aggression, exacerbated by heavy drinking and drug use. As a result, he ended up living in a squat with John Gray in West London, whilst Lydon formed The Sex Pistols. With admittedly large "builders hands", he had experimented with the guitar, but found playing bass a more connected and whole body experience, influenced in part by admiring Bob Marley's and The Wailers bassist Aston "Family Man" Barrett on stage in 1975. Wardle was as critical of his friend Vicious's bass playing as John Lydon, and had hence played in experimentation sessions with Lydon. After he burned the furniture of his squat-mates in order to stay warm, they left him alone there with a mattress, a headboard and his Music Man-copy bass.
Public Image Ltd (PiL)Edit
Following the Sex Pistols' break-up, Lydon approached Wobble about forming a band. Both had similarly broad musical tastes, and were avid fans of reggae and world music. The band began rehearsing together in May 1978, although remained unnamed until July 1978, when Lydon officially named the band Public Image (PiL) (the "Ltd" was not added until several months later), after the Muriel Spark novel The Public Image. Wobble's bass playing drew heavily on dub, which has remained an important feature of his music. Having experimented with Lydon pre-Sex Pistols break-up, he had written a simple repetitive bassline on which Lydon wrote "Public Image". PiL debuted in October 1978 with "Public Image", which reached number 9 on the UK charts, and also performed well on import in the US. Wobble has stated that the first PiL album was recorded so quickly due in part to the bassist's altercations with a sound engineer and men at a nearby pub. He has, however, dismissed claims accusing him of extreme malice, such as setting fire to the former drummer for The Fall, Karl Burns, while Burns was session drumming for PiL.
Wobble co-wrote and contributed bass and drums to PiL's second album Metal Box, which was released in 1979. However, he grew increasingly frustrated by the lacklustre creative atmosphere in the band, which he felt stifled his artistic ambitions and PiL's creative potential. Besides differences in artistic vision, further conflicts were brought on in part by heavy drug and alcohol abuse in the band. Wobble then recorded his debut album The Legend Lives On... Jah Wobble in "Betrayal", making unauthorised use of material from Metal Box for which he was summarily fired from PiL in late 1980.
Wobble also released at least one single during his period as a member of PiL: His 1978 single "Dreadlock Don't Deal in Wedlock" in which he recites Edward Lear's "The Owl and the Pussycat" and finishes with the immortal line, 'love and marriage is like ice cream and cabbage ... dreadlock don't deal in wedlock."
Early post-PiL yearsEdit
Soon after leaving PiL, Wobble formed The Human Condition with guitarist Dave "Animal" Maltby and PiL's original drummer, Jim Walker. The Human Condition toured the UK, Europe, and US in 1981, and made two cassette-only releases of their live shows (Live at the Collegiate Theatre and Live in Europe). The post-PiL years saw Wobble also collaborating with Can members Holger Czukay and Jaki Liebezeit on Czukay's solo projects (notably On the Way to the Peak of Normal and Rome Remains Rome) and Full Circle (released in 1984).
In 1983, Wardle appeared on the LP Snake Charmer billed as a co-leader alongside guitarist The Edge of U2, Czukay, Liebezeit, and producer François Kevorkian.
Jah Wobble's Invaders of the Heart was formed in 1982. The original line-up was Ollie Marland on keys (who went on to become Tina Turner's musical director), Annie Whitehead on trombone, Neville Murray on percussion and a musician named only as Cliff, on drums. By 1983 Lee Partis was the drummer. Trumpeter Harry Beckett and pedal steel player B. J. Cole regularly performed with the group.
By 1985 Jah Wobble's heavy drinking and drunken brawls were having an effect on his life. Halfway through the recording of the album Psalms (October 1986), Wobble stopped drinking. From then through to the present day he has remained 'clean and sober'.
He then did a variety of day jobs, whilst continuing to perform and record his music in what spare time he had. These jobs included a long stretch with the London Underground. In an oft-quoted tale, it is related that he once, at Tower Hill Underground Station via the public address system, regaled commuters with the deadpan announcement, "I used to be somebody. I repeat, I used to be somebody."
By 1987, due to the repeated prompting of his friend and former bandmate, percussionist Neville Murray, Wobble reformed The Invaders of the Heart. Armed with a live recording of a concert he had made with a new line-up of musicians during a European tour in 1988, Wobble travelled to New York City's New Music Seminar in 1989 to get back into the music industry. Wobble was able to secure an eleventh-hour record deal with a small European record label. The live album, Without Judgement, recorded in the Netherlands was released in November 1989 and successfully revived Wobble's career.
Early 1990s to presentEdit
Following the success of Jah Wobble's Invaders of the Heart albums Without Judgement in 1990 and Rising Above Bedlam in 1991, Wobble has collaborated with many musicians - Brian Eno among them - & his explorations into world music predated much of the genre's popularity. Jah Wobble's 1994 album Take Me To God was influenced by world music genres and contributions from a variety of artists of diverse cultural backgrounds, including Baaba Maal, Dolores O'Riordan, and Chaka Demus, and was a critical and commercial success. His music has spanned a number of genres, including ambient music and dance music, and in 2003, reworkings of traditional English folk songs. Although he has released recordings since the late seventies Wobble has been particularly prolific from the mid-1990s to the present. He now runs his own label, 30 Hertz Records, and tours regularly throughout the UK and Europe with his current band, Jah Wobble & The Invaders of the Heart.
Wobble was part of the industrial music supergroup The Damage Manual, which formed in 2000 and consisted of Wobble on bass alongside former PiL and Killing Joke drummer Martin Atkins, Killing Joke guitarist Geordie Walker, and vocalist Chris Connelly (who had previously worked with Atkins as part of two other industrial music supergroups, Pigface and Murder Inc., the latter of which also featured Walker). He appeared on the group's self-titled debut album as well as the EP One, both of which were released on Atkins' Invisible Records label, but subsequently left the group after declining to participate in their tour of the U.S.
A collaboration with his wife, the Chinese-born guzheng player Zi Lan Liao, was entitled Chinese Dub. He also performed at the 2008 Rhythm Festival.
Jah Wobble and the Chinese Dub Orchestra won the Cross-Cultural Collaboration category, for their album Chinese Dub, in the inaugural Songlines Music Awards, announced on 1 May 2009, which were the new world music awards organised by the UK based magazine, Songlines.
In September 2009, John Lydon reformed PiL for a series of concerts in late 2009. Despite Lydon's invitation to join, Jah Wobble did not feature in the line-up, since he considered the wages offered insufficient and disagreed with the choice of venues.
At an impromptu appearance at the Musicport Festival in Bridlington Spa on 24 October 2010, where they were joined by vocalist Johnny Rotter of the Sex Pistols Experience, Wobble renewed his association with former PiL guitarist Keith Levene.
In 2011, Wobble collaborated with Julie Campbell, alias Warp Records artist LoneLady in a project called Psychic Life. The eponymous debut album Psychic Life was inspired by disco, post-punk and psychogeography, and released by Cherry Red Records on 14 November 2011. Keith Levene contributed to three tracks on the album. A digital-only EP, Psychic Life, fronted by the song "Tightrope", was released in October 2011.
In early 2012, after some planned Japan gigs were cancelled because of visa issues, Wobble and Levene played various UK clubs as Metal Box in Dub. The visa issues were resolved and they played Fuji Rock festival in July 2012. This was followed by the release of a four-song, eponymous EP. An album entitled Yin & Yang was released in November 2012.
Wobble has also collaborated with the British ambient group Marconi Union, the results of which were released as an album called Anomic on 30 Hertz records in June 2013. In October 2013, 30 Hertz Records released Odds & Sods & Epilogues, an illustrated book/CD of Jah Wobble's poetry.
In 2015, Cherry Red Records released Redux, a six-CD box set that spans nearly four decades of Wobble's music. It includes new tracks Merry Go Round and Let's Go Psycho. In May 2015, Jah Wobble & The Invaders of the Heart embarked on an extensive six-month UK tour. They recorded the album The Usual Suspects which was released on 3m Music in 2017. A series of gigs in England from January to May 2017 was announced.
Jah Wobble studied part-time for four years at Birkbeck, University of London, graduating in 2000 with an upper second-class honours degree in the humanities.
His autobiography, entitled Memoirs of a Geezer: Music, Life, Mayhem (Serpent's Tail books, London), was released in September 2009. It was well received by critics. He also writes occasional book reviews for The Independent.
Wobble has four children: including music producer Natalie Wardle from his first marriage, and two sons with his second wife, the Chinese-born guzheng player and harpist Zi Lan Liao.
List of collaboratorsEdit
- Jah Wobble past and present collaborators (listed alphabetically)
- Justin Adams
- African Head Charge
- Afro Celt Sound System
- Natacha Atlas
- Najma Akhtar
- Shahin Badar
- Ginger Baker
- Harry Beckett
- Bel Canto
- Clive Bell
- Bomb the Bass
- Julie Campbell
- Liz Carter
- Gary Clail
- Chris Cookson
- Holger Czukay
- The Damage Manual
- Chaka Demus
- Anneli Drecker
- Ronnie Drew
- The Edge
- Polly Eltes
- Brian Eno
- Gavin Friday
- Paul Gilroy
- David Harrow
- Graham Haynes
- Ozark Henry
- Joji Hirota
- David Holmes
- François Kevorkian
- Keiko Kitamura
- Bill Laswell
- Zi Lan Liao
- Jaki Liebezeit
- Clea Llewellyn
- Mark Lusardi
- Baaba Maal
- Dave (Animal) Maltby
- Ben Mandelson
- Marconi Union
- Ollie Marland
- Massive Attack
- Nils Petter Molvær
- Neville Murray
- Shara Nelson
- Dolores O'Riordan
- Sinéad O'Connor
- One Dove
- Oui 3
- The Orb
- Pagoda Chinese Youth Orchestra
- Evan Parker
- Primal Scream
- Jean Pierre Rasle
- Julianne Regan
- John Reynolds
- Saffron (singer)
- Mark Sanders
- Pharoah Sanders
- Michel Schoots (Magic Stick)
- The Shamen
- Adrian Sherwood
- Bob Shipton
- Abdel Ali Slimani
- Robin Thompson
- Spikey Tee
- Winston Tong
- Yulduz Usmanova
- Holly Valance
- Cat von Trapp
- Geordie Walker
- Andrew Weatherall
- Annie Whitehead
- Brett Wickens
- Leslie Winer
- Bernie Worrell
- V.I.E.P. (1980)
- Bedroom Album (1982)
- Snake Charmer (with The Edge & Holger Czukay) (1983)
- Neon Moon (with Ollie Marland) (1985)
- Tradewinds (1986)
- Psalms (1987)
- Without Judgment (1989)
- Rising Above Bedlam (1991)
- Take Me to God (1994)
- Spinner (with Brian Eno) (1995)
- Heaven and Earth (1995)
- The Inspiration of William Blake (1996)
- The Celtic Poets (1997)
- Requiem (1997)
- The Light Programme (1998)
- Umbra Sumus (1998)
- Deep Space (1999)
- Full Moon over the Shopping Mall (with the Invaders of the Heart) (2000)
- Beach Fervour Spare (with Deep Space) (2000)
- Molam Dub (with the Invaders of the Hearts and Molam Lao) (2001)
- Passage to Hades (with Evan Parker) (2001)
- Radioaxiom: A Dub Transmission (with Bill Laswell) (2001)
- Shout at the Devil (with Temple of Sound) (2002)
- English Roots Music (with the Invaders of the Heart) (2003)
- Fly (2003)
- Fureur (soundtrack) (2003)
- Five Beat (with Deep Space) (2004)
- Mu (2005)
- Alpha-One-Three (2006)
- Jay Wobble & the English Roots Band (2006)
- Heart and Soul (2007)
- Chinese Dub (with the Chinese Dub Ensemble) (2008)
- Japanese Dub (with the Nippon Dub Ensemble) (2010)
- Welcome to My World (2010)
- 7 (with the Modern Jazz Ensemble) (2011)
- Psychic Life (with Julie Campbell) (2011)
- EP (with Keith Levene) (2012)
- Yin & Yang (with Keith Levene) (2012)
- Kingdom of Fitzrovia (with Bill Sharpe) (2013)
- Anomic (with Marconi Union) (2013)
- Inspiration (with PJ Higgins) (2014)
- Redux (2015)
- Everything Is No Thing (with the Invaders of the Heart) (2016)
- Metal Box in Dub (2021)
Live and compilation albumsEdit
- 30 Hertz: A Collection of Diverse Works from a Creative Genius (2000)
- Largely Live in Hartlepool & Manchester (with Deep Space) (2001)
- The Early Years (2001)
- Solaris: Live in Concert (2002)
- Live in Leuven (with Jaki Liebezeit & Philip Jeck) (2004)
- I Could Have Been a Contender (2004)
Singles and EPsEdit
|Year||Single||Peak chart positions||Album|
|US Mod Rock|
|1978||"Dreadlock Don't Deal in Wedlock"||—||—||N/A|
|"Steel Leg v. The Electric Dread" (with Don Letts, Keith Levene & Vince Bracken)||—||—||EP only|
|1979||"Dan MacArthur"||—||—||The Legend Lives On... Jah Wobble in "Betrayal"|
|"V.I.E.P. featuring Blueberry Hill"||—||—|
|1981||"How Much Are They?"||—||—||Full Circle (with Jaki Liebezeit & Holger Czukay)|
|"A Long, Long Way"||—||—|
|1983||"Invaders of the Heart"||—||—|
|"Body Music Mokili" (with Ben Mandelson)||—||—||N/A|
|1984||"Voodoo" (with Ollie Marland & Polly Eltes)||—||—|
|1985||"Love Mystery"||—||—||Neon Moon (with Ollie Marland)|
|1986||"Between Two Frequencies" (with Brett Wickens)||—||—|
|1989||"The Unspoken Word" (as Invaders of the Heart)||—||—||Fuse II – World Dance Music (Various Artists)|
|1990||"Bomba"||—||—||Rising Above Bedlam |
(as Jah Wobble's Invaders of the Heart)
|1992||"Visions of You" (feat. Sinéad O'Connor)||35||10|
|1994||"Becoming More Like God" (feat. Anneli Drecker)||36||—||Take Me to God |
(as Jah Wobble's Invaders of the Heart)
|"The Sun Does Rise" (feat. Dolores O'Riordan)||41||22|
|1997||"Magical Thought"||—||—||The Light Programme|
|1998||"I Offer You Everything"||—||—||Umbra Sumus|
|2012||"Mississippi"||—||—||Yin and Yang (with Keith Levene)|
|2014||"Watch How You Walk"||—||—||Inspiration (with PJ Higgins)|
|"—" denotes releases that did not chart or were not released.|
- ^ Jah Wobble, Memoirs of a Geezer, p. 1, Google Books preview
- ^ Memoirs of a Geezer, p. 7
- ^ Memoirs of Geezer, p. 13
- ^ a b Simon Reynolds (2005). Rip it Up and Start Again – Postpunk 1978–1984. Faber and Faber. ISBN 978-0-571-21570-6.
- ^ Memoirs of a Geezer, p. 50
- ^ a b "The Times Online, 24 March 2007, 'I'm still ye olde noble savage'". Entertainment.timesonline.co.uk. Retrieved 21 January 2012.
- ^ a b c d Simpson, Dave (7 January 2015). "Jah Wobble: 'I was attacked and had a proper big fight with a gang, which moved into Sainsbury's'". The Guardian.
- ^ a b c d e f Strong, Martin C. (2000). The Great Rock Discography (5th ed.). Edinburgh: Mojo Books. pp. 1077–1078. ISBN 1-84195-017-3.
- ^ "PIL Chronology: 1978" by Karsten Roekens & Scott M, Fodderstompf.com, 2006.
- ^ Lydon, John. No Irish, No Blacks, No Dogs, Keith & Kent Zimmerman, St. Martin's Press, May 1994. ISBN 0-312-11883-X
- ^ a b Phil Strongman (2007). Metal Box – Stories from John Lydon's Public Image Limited. Helter Skelter Publishing. ISBN 978-1-900924-66-5.
- ^ Memoirs of a Geezer. pp 108-112
- ^ Memoirs of a Geezer. pp 101-104
- ^ Watt, Mike (29 September 2016). "Mike Watt Interviews Jah Wobble: Play the Smallest Instrument". L.A. Record. Retrieved 21 July 2020.
- ^ "Discogs: Jah Wobble's Invaders of the Heart". Discogs. Retrieved 24 August 2013.
- ^ "Jah Wobble & The Invaders of The Heart at The Fleece in Bristol". 365 Bristol. Retrieved 2 August 2021.
- ^ "Interview with post-punk legend Jah Wobble about music, Sid Vicious, star signs, Brexit and everything else you can think of". The Shortlisted. 7 May 2020. Retrieved 2 August 2021.
- ^  Archived 18 December 2007 at the Wayback Machine
- ^  Archived 25 February 2008 at the Wayback Machine
- ^ Youngs, Ian (11 February 2010). "Public Image star Jah Wobble said no to reunion tour, BBC News, 11 February 2010, accessed 23 May 2010". BBC News. Retrieved 21 January 2012.
- ^ "Careering – Jah Wobble, Keith Levene, Johnny Rotten". Archived from the original on 21 December 2021. Retrieved 3 January 2012 – via YouTube.
- ^ "Jah Wobble & Lonelady To Explore Psychic Life". Thequietus.com. 16 August 2011. Retrieved 25 August 2011.
- ^ "Jah Wobble & Keith Levene EP – 30 Hertz Records – Online Store". 30 Hertz Records. Archived from the original on 18 June 2013. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
- ^ "News | New Jah Wobble & Keith Levene Album". The Quietus. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
- ^ Tucker, Simon (24 July 2013). "Jah Wobble & Marconi Union: Anomic - album review". Louder Than War. Retrieved 2 August 2021.
- ^ Wardle, John (19 March 2004). "Reunited: 'Birkbeck, quite rightly, fancies itself'". Timeshighereducation.co.uk. Retrieved 17 April 2012.
- ^ "Jah Wobble interview: Hey Mr Bass Man". Skiddle.com.
- ^ Memoirs of a Geezer: Music, Life, Mayhem. Serpent's Tail. 2009. ISBN 978-1846687129.
- ^ Warner, Alan (9 October 2009). "Memoirs of a Geezer: Music, Life, Mayhem by Jah Wobble | Book review". The Guardian. Retrieved 9 October 2019.
- ^ "Memoirs of a Geezer, By Jah Wobble". The Independent. 27 September 2009. Retrieved 9 October 2019.
- ^  Archived 23 May 2007 at the Wayback Machine
- ^ "Official Charts Company: Jah Wobble's Invaders of the Heart". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 8 August 2014.
- ^ "Jah Wobble's Invaders of the Heart – US Modern Rock Songs". Billboard.com. Retrieved 9 October 2014.
- Jah Wobble (2009). Memoirs of a Geezer: The Autobiography of Jah Wobble— Music, Life, Mayhem. London, UK: Serpent's Tail. ISBN 978-1-84668-712-9.
- Hämäläinen, Jyrki "Spider" (2020). Killing Joke: Are You Receiving?. Milton Keynes: New Haven Publishing Ltd. ISBN 978-1912587407.
- Official website
- Jah Wobble discography at Discogs
- Jah Wobble's Invaders of the Heart discography at Discogs
- Jah Wobble statistics, tagging and previews at Last.FM
- Jah Wobble's Invaders of the Heart statistics, tagging and previews at Last.FM
- Jah Wobble group at Last.FM
- Jah Wobble video interview while in the studio
- Songlines Music Awards 2009