Jacques Bernard Modeste d'Anselme (22 July 1740, Apt – 17 September 1814, Paris) was a French general of the French Revolutionary Army, notable as the first commander of the Army of the Var which soon became the Army of Italy. He fell under suspicion, was removed from command and placed under arrest, but he survived the Reign of Terror. ANSELME is one of the names inscribed under the Arc de Triomphe, on Column 23.
Jacques Bernard d'Anselme
|Born||22 July 1740|
Apt, Vaucluse, France
|Died||17 September 1814 (aged 74)|
|Allegiance|| Kingdom of France|
|Years of service|| ?–1792|
|Rank||General of Division|
|Awards||Order of Saint-Louis, 1770|
Légion d'Honneur, 1805
He became a knight of Saint Louis on 18 April 1770. During the American Revolution, he was a lieutenant colonel of the Regiment of Soissons. As lieutenant general, he took Nice and the fortresses of Mont Alban (French: Fort du mont Alban) and Villefranche-sur-Mer in 1792, but was defeated at Sospello and imprisoned until the revolution of Thermidor. His name is inscribed on the Arc de Triomphe.
- Pierre Larousse, Grand Dictionnaire universel du XIXe siècle, 15 volumes, 1863–1890.
- Louis Gabriel Michaud, Biographie universelle ancienne et moderne, 35 vol., 1773–1858.
- Phipps, Ramsay Weston (2011). The Armies of the First French Republic: Volume III The Armies in the West 1793 to 1797 And, The Armies In The South 1793 to March 1796. 3. USA: Pickle Partners Publishing. ISBN 978-1-908692-26-9.
- Six, Georges (1934). "Anselme (Jacques-Bernard-Modeste d')". Dictionnaire biographique des généraux et amiraux français de la Révolution et de l'Empire: 1792–1814 (in French). 1. Paris: Librairie Historique et Nobilaire. p. 16.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Wilson, J. G.; Fiske, J., eds. (1900). . Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. New York: D. Appleton.