Jacob Marley

Jacob Marley is a fictional character who appears in Charles Dickens's 1843 novella A Christmas Carol. He is Ebenezer Scrooge’s deceased business partner, having died on Christmas Eve seven years prior to the book's events. He is now a chained and tormented ghost, doomed to wander the earth forever as punishment for his greed and selfishness when he was alive. Marley roams restlessly, witnessing the hardships that others suffer, and laments that he has forever lost his chance to help them.

Jacob Marley
A Christmas Carol character
Marley's Ghost-John Leech, 1843.jpg
Jacob Marley's ghost visits Scrooge in Charles Dickens's A Christmas Carol. Original 1843 illustration by John Leech.
First appearanceA Christmas Carol (1843)
Created byCharles Dickens
In-universe information

Marley arranges for the three spirits to visit Scrooge, giving his friend an opportunity for redemption, which Marley tells him was "...a chance and hope of my procuring."

Appearance in notable film and TV adaptationsEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Scrooge U: Part XV - Great Scott!". Jimhillmedia.com. Retrieved 1 August 2013.
  2. ^ ‘Beauty and the Beast’ Director Bill Condon To Direct Musical Re-Imagining of ‘A Christmas Carol’ For Disney
  3. ^ Warner, Sam (17 December 2019). "Stephen Graham took home his own fake jaw from the Christmas Carol set". Digital Spy. Retrieved 21 December 2019.