Weldon Leo "Jack" Teagarden (August 20, 1905 – January 15, 1964) was an American jazz trombonist and singer. According to critic Scott Yannow of Allmusic, Teagarden was the preeminent American jazz trombone player before the bebop era of the 1940s and "one of the best jazz singers too". Teagarden's early career was as a sideman with the likes of Paul Whiteman and lifelong friend Louis Armstrong.
|Birth name||Weldon Leo Teagarden|
|Born||August 20, 1905|
Vernon, Texas, U.S.
|Died||January 15, 1964 (aged 58)|
New Orleans, Louisiana
|Genres||Jazz, dixieland, swing, big band|
|Associated acts||Peck Kelley, Louis Armstrong, Earl Hines, Benny Goodman, Bobby Hackett, Bix Beiderbecke, Glenn Miller, Paul Whiteman|
Born in Vernon, Texas, United States, his brothers Charlie and Clois "Cub" and his sister Norma also became professional musicians. His father was an amateur brass band trumpeter and started him on baritone horn; by age seven he had switched to trombone. His first public performances were in movie theaters, where he accompanied his mother, a pianist.
Teagarden's trombone style was largely self-taught, and he developed many unusual alternative positions and novel special effects on the instrument. He is usually considered the most innovative jazz trombone stylist of the pre-bebop era – Pee Wee Russell once called him "the best trombone player in the world".
By 1920, Teagarden was playing professionally in San Antonio, including with the band of pianist Peck Kelley. In the mid-1920s he started traveling widely around the United States in a quick succession of different bands. In 1927, he went to New York City where he worked with several bands. By 1928 he played for the Ben Pollack band.
In the late 1920s, he recorded with such bandleaders and sidemen as Armstrong, Benny Goodman, Bix Beiderbecke, Red Nichols, Jimmy McPartland, Mezz Mezzrow, Glenn Miller, and Eddie Condon. Miller and Teagarden collaborated to provide lyrics and a verse to Spencer Williams' "Basin Street Blues", which in that amended form became one of the numbers that Teagarden played until the end of his days.
Teagarden sought financial security during the Great Depression and signed an exclusive contract to play for the Paul Whiteman Orchestra from 1933 through 1938. In 1946, Teagarden joined Louis Armstrong's All Stars. In late 1951, Teagarden left to again lead his own band.
He died in New Orleans at the age of 58, suffering from pneumonia.
- Big Jazz with Rex Stewart (Atlantic, 1953)
- Holiday in Trombone (EmArcy, 1954)
- Jack Teagarden Plays and Sings (Urania, 1954)
- Meet the New Jack Teagarden Volume I (Urania, 1954)
- Jazz Great (Bethlehem, 1955)
- Accent On Trombone (Urania, 1955)
- Big T's Jazz (Decca, 1956)
- This Is Teagarden! (Capitol, 1956)
- Swing Low, Sweet Spiritual (Capitol, 1957)
- Jazz Ultimate with Bobby Hackett (Capitol, 1958)
- Jack Teagarden at the Roundtable (Roulette, 1959)
- Shades of Night (Capitol, 1959)
- Mis'ry and the Blues (Verve, 1961)
- Think Well of Me (Verve, 1962)
- The Dixie Sound of Jack Teagarden (Roulette, 1962)
- Jack Teagarden (Verve, 1962)
- The Blues and Dixie (Rondo-lette, 1963)
- A Portrait of Mr. T (Roulette, 1963)
- Swinging Down in Dixie (Golden Tone, 1963)
- King of the Blues Trombone (Epic, 1963)
- Big T's Dixieland Band (Capitol, 1977)
- Big T & the Condon Gang (Pumpkin, 1978)
- Original Dixieland (Everest Archive, 1978)
- Big Band Jazz (Everest Archive, 1979)
- Mighty Like a Rose (Koala, 1979)
- The Swingin' Gate (Jasmine, 1981)
- The Big Band Sound of Bunny Berigan & Jack Teagarden (Folkways, 1982)
- Tribute to Teagarden (Pausa, 1983)
- Birth of a Band (Giants of Jazz, 1985)
- 100 Years from Today (Grudge, 1990)
- The Complete Capitol Fifties Jack Teagarden Sessions (Mosaic, 1996)
- It's Time for T (Naxos, 2006)
- Colin Larkin, ed. (1997). The Virgin Encyclopedia of Popular Music (Concise ed.). Virgin Books. p. 1165. ISBN 1-85227-745-9.
- "Jack Teagarden - Biography & History". AllMusic. Retrieved 21 April 2019.
- "Teagarden, Jack (Weldon Leo)" Archived 2012-09-30 at the Wayback Machine, Encyclopedia of Jazz Musicians.
- "The Best Trombone Player in the World", by Gary Giddins, originally published in The Village Voice, March 1977; reprinted in Riding on a Blue Note: Jazz & American Pop, Oxford University Press, 1981.