Jacinto Zamora y del Rosario (August 14, 1835 – February 17, 1872) was a Filipino Catholic priest, part of the Gomburza, a trio of priests who were falsely accused of mutiny by the Spanish colonial authorities in the Philippines in the 19th century.


Jacinto Zamora
Jacinto Zamora y del Rosario
ChurchCatholic Church
Personal details
Born(1835-08-14)August 14, 1835
DiedFebruary 17, 1872(1872-02-17) (aged 36)
Bagumbayan, Manila, Captaincy General of the Philippines, Spanish Empire
NationalityFilipino
Denomination Roman Catholic
ParentsVenancio Zamora
Hilaria Zamora (née del Rosario)

Early life

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Born on August 14, 1835, to Venancio Zamora and Hilaria del Rosario, he began his early education in Pandacan and later at the Colegio de San Juan de Letran. He was classified as a Filipino mestizo under the Spanish caste system prevailing at that time.[1] He later transferred to the University of Santo Tomas after finishing his Bachiller en Artes. Zamora graduated on March 16, 1858, with the degree of Bachelor of Canon and Civil Laws. He became a student preparing for the priesthood in the Seminary of Manila.

Pastoral life

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After being ordained, Zamora handled parishes in Marikina, Pasig, and Batangas. He was also assigned to manage the Manila Cathedral on December 3, 1864.

Death

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Execution site and marker of Gomburza

Zamora had a habit of playing cards after saying Mass. Once, he received an invitation stating that his friend had "Powder and Munitions"; in a gambler's language, "Powder and Munitions" meant that the player had much money to gamble with.[2] This invitation fell into the hands of the Spaniards—and worse, it was on the night of the Cavite mutiny led by a Filipino soldier, Sgt. La Madrid. This invitation was used by the Spaniards as evidence against Jacinto Zamora. The court accused them of inciting the revolt, even though the evidence was not adequate. They were found guilty and sentenced to death by garrote. The execution was carried out on February 17, 1872, at Bagumbayan Field in Manila. It has been said by the witnesses that Zamora was disoriented during his last days. As a result, he did not give any last words.

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See also

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References

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  1. ^ Guerrero, León María. 1998. Something to Remember. The First Filipino. Guerrero Publishing.
  2. ^ Joaquin, Nicomedes 'Nick'. 2005. A Question of Heroes (7th printing, 2017), Anvil Publishing Inc., p. 20.
  3. ^ "Producer of historical film GomBurZa unveils cast". Manila Bulletin. February 16, 2023. Retrieved October 21, 2023.