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Government of Spain

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The Government of Spain (Spanish: Gobierno de España) is the central government which leads the executive branch and the General State Administration of Spain. The Government consists of the Prime Minister and the Ministers; the Prime Minister of Spain has overall direction of the Ministers and can appoint or terminate their appointments freely. The Government is responsible before the Parliament (Cortes Generales), and more precisely of the Congress of the Deputies, a body which elects the Prime Minister or dismisses him through a motion of censure. This is because Spain is a parliamentary system established by the Constitution of 1978.

Government of Spain
Spanish: Gobierno de España
Co-official languages
Catalan: Govern d'Espanya
Galician: Goberno de España
Basque: Espainiako Gobernua
Logotipo del Gobierno de España.svg
Logo of the Government of Spain
Overview
Established January 15, 1834; 184 years ago (1834-01-15)
State Kingdom of Spain
Appointed by Monarch
Main organ Council of Ministers
Responsible to Congress of Deputies and Senate
Headquarters Palace of Moncloa
Madrid
Website Official website

Its fundamental regulation is placed in Title IV of the Constitution, as well as in Title V of that document, with respect to its relationship with the Cortes Generales, and in Law 50/1997, of November 27, of the Government.

According to Article 97 of the Constitution and Article 1.1 of the Government Act, "the Government directs domestic and foreign policy, the civil and military administration and the defense of the State. It exercises the executive function and the regulatory regulation according to the Constitution and the laws".

Contents

PrinciplesEdit

The Government's performance is governed by the following operating principles:

  • Principle of presidential direction: The Prime Minister directs to the Ministers and can appoint or cease them freely.
  • Principle of responsibility: The President responds politically to the Congress of Deputies for the action of the Government. The eventual cessation of the President implies the cessation of the Government.
  • Principle of collegiality: The Government, understood as Council of Ministers, is a collegiate body composed of a plurality of members of the Government.
  • Principle of solidarity: The Government responds in solidum for the action of each one of the members of the Government.
  • Departmental principle: The members of the Government, as well as members of this collegiate body, are also the heads of the departmental bodies in charge of a more or less homogeneous area of competence.

MembersEdit

To see the current members, see Current government.

According to Article 98 of the Spanish Constitution and Article 1.2 of the Government Law, the Government of Spain is composed of:

  • The Prime Minister.
  • The Vice President of the Government or Vice Presidents (If there are more than one).
  • The Ministers.
  • Other members. There is the possibility of incorporating other figures into government by law. However, this constitutional possibility has not yet been used.

RequirementsEdit

In accordance with article 11 of the Law of the Government, "to be a member of the Government it is required to be Spanish, adult, to enjoy the rights of active and passive suffrage, as well as not to be disabled to exercise employment or public office by sentence Judicial firm. "

Criminal privilegesEdit

The members of the Government enjoy their own criminal procedure, so that they will only be tried by the Criminal Chamber of the Supreme Court.[1]

The initiation of a case for treason or against the security of the State can only respond to the initiative of a quarter of the Congress of Deputies, approved by an absolute majority thereof,[2] and can not be granted pardon in such cases.[3]

BudgetEdit

Head of StateEdit

Heads of GovernmentEdit

  • President of the Government, sometimes misleadingly called "the Spanish President", is the first minister and is elected by the Congress of Deputies. He is informally but internationally and commonly referred to as the "Prime Minister". The current holder is Pedro Sánchez. He appoints a number of vice-presidents ordered numerically according to rank and responsible for their respective major ministries such as Finance, Foreign affairs, Domestic administration, etc.

Previous LegislationsEdit

Prime Ministers of the Governments of Spain since the Spanish transition to democracyEdit

Prime Minister Party Term of office Legislature
Adolfo Suárez Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 3 July 1976 26 February 1981 I
Leopoldo Calvo-Sotelo Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 26 February 1981 2 de December 1982
Felipe González Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 2 de December 1982 5 May 1996 II, III, IV, V
José María Aznar People's Party (PP) 5 May 1996 17 April 2004 VI, VII
José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 17 April 2004 21 December 2011 VIII, IX
Mariano Rajoy People's Party (PP) 21 December 2011 1 June 2018 X, XI, XII
Pedro Sánchez Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 1 June 2018 Present XII

Current governmentEdit

The Council of Ministers was structured into the Prime Minister, the Deputy Prime Minister, 17 ministries and the post of Spokesperson of the Government.[4]

Sánchez Government
(7 June 2018 – present)
Office Name Term of office Party Ref.
Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez 2 June 2018 – present PSOE [5]
Deputy Prime Minister Carmen Calvo 7 June 2018 – present PSOE [6]
[7]
Minister of the Presidency, Relations with the Cortes and Equality
Minister of Foreign Affairs, European Union and Cooperation Josep Borrell 7 June 2018 – present PSC [7]
Minister of Justice Dolores Delgado 7 June 2018 – present Independent [7]
Minister of Defence Margarita Robles 7 June 2018 – present Independent [7]
Minister of the Treasury María Jesús Montero 7 June 2018 – present PSOE [7]
Minister of the Interior Fernando Grande-Marlaska 7 June 2018 – present Independent [7]
Minister of Development José Luis Ábalos Meco 7 June 2018 – present PSOE [7]
Minister of Education and Vocational Training Isabel Celaá 7 June 2018 – present PSOE [7]
[8]
Spokesperson of the Government
Minister of Labour, Migrations and Social Security Magdalena Valerio 7 June 2018 – present PSOE [7]
Minister of Industry, Trade and Tourism Reyes Maroto 7 June 2018 – present PSOE [7]
Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food Luis Planas 7 June 2018 – present PSOE [7]
Minister of Territorial Policy and Public Function Meritxell Batet 7 June 2018 – present PSC [7]
Minister for Ecological Transition Teresa Ribera 7 June 2018 – present Independent [7]
Minister of Culture and Sport Màxim Huerta 7 June 2018 – 13 June 2018 Independent [7]
Minister of Economy and Enterprise Nadia Calviño 7 June 2018 – present Independent [7]
Minister of Health, Consumption and Social Welfare Carmen Montón 7 June 2018 – present PSOE [7]
Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities Pedro Duque 7 June 2018 – present Independent [7]

Changes June 2018Edit

Office Name Term of office Party Ref.
Minister of Culture and Sport José Guirao 14 June 2018 – present Independent [9]

Edit

Shown here is the official logo of the Government of Spain. On the left are the EU and the Spanish flags and in the centre is the coat of arms of Spain and the words Gobierno de España (in English: "Government of Spain").

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Article 102.1 of the Spanish Constitution
  2. ^ Article 102.2 of the Spanish Constitution
  3. ^ Article 102.3 of the Spanish Constitution
  4. ^ "Real Decreto 355/2018, de 6 de junio, por el que se reestructuran los departamentos ministeriales" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (138): 58722–58727. 7 June 2018. ISSN 0212-033X. 
  5. ^ "Real Decreto 354/2018, de 1 de junio, por el que se nombra Presidente del Gobierno a don Pedro Sánchez Pérez-Castejón" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (134): 57657. 2 June 2018. ISSN 0212-033X. 
  6. ^ "Real Decreto 356/2018, de 6 de junio, por el que se nombra Vicepresidenta del Gobierno a doña María del Carmen Calvo Poyato" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (138): 58728. 7 June 2018. ISSN 0212-033X. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q "Real Decreto 357/2018, de 6 de junio, por el que se nombran Ministros del Gobierno" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (138): 58729. 7 June 2018. ISSN 0212-033X. 
  8. ^ "Real Decreto 358/2018, de 6 de junio, por el que se dispone que doña María Isabel Celaá Diéguez, Ministra de Educación y Formación Profesional, asuma las funciones de Portavoz del Gobierno" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (138): 58729. 7 June 2018. ISSN 0212-033X. 
  9. ^ Redacción (14 June 2018). "José Guirao, nuevo Ministro de Cultura y de Deporte tras la dimisión de Màxim Huerta". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). Retrieved 14 June 2018. 

External linksEdit