Government of Spain(Redirected from Spanish government)
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The Government of Spain (Spanish: Gobierno de España) is the central government which leads the executive branch and the General State Administration of Spain. The Government consists of the Prime Minister and the Ministers; the Prime Minister of Spain has overall direction of the Ministers and can appoint or terminate their appointments freely. The Government is responsible before the Parliament (Cortes Generales), and more precisely of the Congress of the Deputies, a body which elects the Prime Minister or dismisses him through a motion of censure. This is because Spain is a parliamentary system established by the Constitution of 1978.
|Government of Spain|
Spanish: Gobierno de España|
Logo of the Government of Spain
|Established||January 15, 1834|
|State||Kingdom of Spain|
|Main organ||Council of Ministers|
|Responsible to||Congress of Deputies and Senate|
Palace of Moncloa|
Its fundamental regulation is placed in Title IV of the Constitution, as well as in Title V of that document, with respect to its relationship with the Cortes Generales, and in Law 50/1997, of November 27, of the Government.
According to Article 97 of the Constitution and Article 1.1 of the Government Act, "the Government directs domestic and foreign policy, the civil and military administration and the defense of the State. It exercises the executive function and the regulatory regulation according to the Constitution and the laws".
The Government's performance is governed by the following operating principles:
- Principle of presidential direction: The Prime Minister directs to the Ministers and can appoint or cease them freely.
- Principle of responsibility: The President responds politically to the Congress of Deputies for the action of the Government. The eventual cessation of the President implies the cessation of the Government.
- Principle of collegiality: The Government, understood as Council of Ministers, is a collegiate body composed of a plurality of members of the Government.
- Principle of solidarity: The Government responds in solidum for the action of each one of the members of the Government.
- Departmental principle: The members of the Government, as well as members of this collegiate body, are also the heads of the departmental bodies in charge of a more or less homogeneous area of competence.
To see the current members, see Current government.
According to Article 98 of the Spanish Constitution and Article 1.2 of the Government Law, the Government of Spain is composed of:
- The Prime Minister.
- The Vice President of the Government or Vice Presidents (If there are more than one).
- The Ministers.
- Other members. There is the possibility of incorporating other figures into government by law. However, this constitutional possibility has not yet been used.
In accordance with article 11 of the Law of the Government, "to be a member of the Government it is required to be Spanish, adult, to enjoy the rights of active and passive suffrage, as well as not to be disabled to exercise employment or public office by sentence Judicial firm. "
The initiation of a case for treason or against the security of the State can only respond to the initiative of a quarter of the Congress of Deputies, approved by an absolute majority thereof, and can not be granted pardon in such cases.
The Spanish Govermnet has two main advisory bodies, the Council of State which advise the Goverment in legal matters and all the issues that does not correspond to the other advisiory body, which is the Economic and Social Council, responsible for advising the Goverment in socioeconomic and work matters.
Head of StateEdit
- The Monarchy of Spain holds the constitutional head of state, which has no executive role, other than appointing officials, requiring reports of official activities and representing Spain at formal and ceremonial occasions. The king is also the commander-in-chief of the Spanish Armed Forces in which capacity he suppressed the 23-F Spanish coup d'état attempt in February 1981.
- The king, currently Felipe VI, ascended the throne on 19 June 2014. His predecessor, Juan Carlos I, abdicated the throne. The monarchy is hereditary. Daughters can inherit only if the monarch has no sons.
- The heir presumptive is Leonor, Princess of Asturias.
- The Military Chief of Staff (Jefe de Estado mayor) is General of the Army Fernando Alejandre Martínez.
Heads of GovernmentEdit
- President of the Government is the first minister and is elected by the Congress of Deputies. He is informally but internationally and commonly referred to as the "Prime Minister". The current holder is Pedro Sánchez. He appoints a number of vice-presidents ordered numerically according to rank and responsible for their respective major ministries such as Finance, Foreign affairs, Domestic administration, etc.
- Minister of the Presidency, Relations with the Parlament and Equality of Spain and Vice President: Carmen Calvo Poyato, appointed on 7 June 2018
- Council of Ministers (Spanish Consejo de Ministros) is designated by the Prime Minister.
Prime Ministers of the Governments of Spain since the Spanish transition to democracyEdit
|Prime Minister||Party||Term of office||Legislature|
|Adolfo Suárez||Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD)||3 July 1976||26 February 1981||I|
|Leopoldo Calvo-Sotelo||Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD)||26 February 1981||2 de December 1982|
|Felipe González||Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)||2 de December 1982||5 May 1996||II, III, IV, V|
|José María Aznar||People's Party (PP)||5 May 1996||17 April 2004||VI, VII|
|José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero||Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)||17 April 2004||21 December 2011||VIII, IX|
|Mariano Rajoy||People's Party (PP)||21 December 2011||1 June 2018||X, XI, XII|
|Pedro Sánchez||Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)||1 June 2018||Present||XII|
Shown here is the official logo of the Government of Spain. On the left are the EU and the Spanish flags and in the centre is the coat of arms of Spain and the words Gobierno de España (in English: "Government of Spain").
- Article 102.1 of the Spanish Constitution
- Article 102.2 of the Spanish Constitution
- Article 102.3 of the Spanish Constitution
- "Real Decreto 355/2018, de 6 de junio, por el que se reestructuran los departamentos ministeriales" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (138): 58722–58727. 7 June 2018. ISSN 0212-033X.
- "Real Decreto 354/2018, de 1 de junio, por el que se nombra Presidente del Gobierno a don Pedro Sánchez Pérez-Castejón" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (134): 57657. 2 June 2018. ISSN 0212-033X.
- "Real Decreto 356/2018, de 6 de junio, por el que se nombra Vicepresidenta del Gobierno a doña María del Carmen Calvo Poyato" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (138): 58728. 7 June 2018. ISSN 0212-033X.
- "Real Decreto 357/2018, de 6 de junio, por el que se nombran Ministros del Gobierno" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (138): 58729. 7 June 2018. ISSN 0212-033X.
- "Real Decreto 358/2018, de 6 de junio, por el que se dispone que doña María Isabel Celaá Diéguez, Ministra de Educación y Formación Profesional, asuma las funciones de Portavoz del Gobierno" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (138): 58729. 7 June 2018. ISSN 0212-033X.
- Redacción (14 June 2018). "José Guirao, nuevo Ministro de Cultura y de Deporte tras la dimisión de Màxim Huerta". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). Retrieved 14 June 2018.
- "Real Decreto 1161/2018, de 11 de septiembre, por el que se nombra Ministra de Sanidad, Consumo y Bienestar Social a doña María Luisa Carcedo Roces" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (221): 88306. 12 September 2018. ISSN 0212-033X.
- (in Spanish) Spanish cabinets from 1931 to 2004